●1st International Tea Day: 21st May
•Recently, the first International Tea Day was observed on 21st May after it was designated by the United Nations General Assembly in December 2019
•May 21 was chosen because the season of tea production begins in May in most of the tea producing countries
•Tea is a beverage made from the Camellia sinesis plant. It is the world’s most consumed drink, after water.
•It is believed that tea originated in northeast India, north Myanmar and southwest China, but the exact place where the plant first grew is not known. [There is evidence that tea was consumed in China 5,000 years ago]
•Tea is a tropical and sub-tropical plant and grows well in moderately hot and humid climates.
•The ideal temperature for its growth is 20°-30°C and temperatures above 35°C and below 10°C are harmful for the bush.
•It requires 150-300 cm annual rainfall which should be well distributed throughout the year
•Tea production and processing constitutes a main source of livelihoods and subsistence for millions in developing and least developed countries.
•It is a labour-intensive sector, providing jobs, especially in remote and economically disadvantaged areas.
•Tea can play a significant role in rural development, poverty reduction and food security in developing countries, being one of the most important cash crops.
•Changes in temperature and rainfall patterns, with more floods and droughts, are already affecting yields, tea product quality and prices, lowering incomes and threatening rural livelihoods.
•In parallel, there is a growing recognition of the need to contribute to climate change mitigation, by reducing carbon emissions from tea production and processing.