●4th edition of the virtual Ministerial on Climate Action
•It was organised to advance discussions on implementation of the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
•It was co-chaired by European Union, China and Canada
•The participating countries exchanged their views on how they are aligning economic recovery plans amid Covid-19, with the Paris Agreement.
•India highlighted that developed country parties have not fulfilled their promise for extending financial and technological support to developing countries as envisaged under UNFCCC and its Paris Agreement.
India’s Efforts in Combating Climate Change:
•India has provided 80 million LPG connections under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) in rural areas, providing the people with clean cooking fuel and a healthy environment.
•It has distributed more than 360 million LED bulbs under the UJALA scheme, which has led to energy saving of about 47 billion units of electricity per year and reduction of 38 million tonnes of CO2 per year.
•India has also shifted from Bharat Stage-IV (BS-IV) to Bharat Stage-VI (BS-VI) emission norms from 1st April 2020 which was earlier to be adopted by 2024.
•It had levied a coal cess as part of one of the most explicit green initiatives.
Under Smart Cities Mission, Climate Smart Cities Assessment Framework 2019 has been launched which intends to provide a clear roadmap for cities and urban India towards combating climate change through adoption of both mitigation and adaptation measures
•India has achieved a reduction of 21% in emission intensity of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) between 2005 and 2014, thereby on its way to achieving its voluntary target under its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC).
•India had pledged to cut emission intensity of its GDP by 33-35% by 2030 below 2005 levels.
•Its renewable energy installed capacity has increased by 226% in the last 5 years and stands more than 87 gigawatts (GW).
•India has a target of installing 175 GW of renewable power capacity by 2022 under its INDC.
•The share of non-fossil sources in installed capacity of electricity generation increased from 30.5% in March 2015 to 37.7% in May 2020.
•It has further announced the aspirational target of increasing its renewable energy capacity to 450 GW.
•India has pledged to increase the share of non-fossil fuels-based electricity to 40% by 2030 under INDC.
•India’s total forest and tree cover is 8,07,276 sq. km. which is 24.56% of the total geographical area of the country.
•India has agreed to enhance its forest cover which will absorb 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 by 2030.