Artemis Mission

What is H9N2: (bird flu virus)
•It is a subtype of the influenza A virus, which causes human influenza as well as bird flu.
•The H9N2 subtype was isolated for the first time in Wisconsin, US in 1966 from turkey flocks.
•H9N2 viruses are found worldwide in wild birds and are endemic in poultry in many areas.
•According to the World Health Organization (WHO), with avian influenza viruses circulating in poultry, there is a risk for sporadic infection and small clusters of human cases due to exposure to infected poultry or contaminated environments.
Artemis Mission
•It is an ongoing crewed spaceflight program carried out predominately by NASA, U.S. commercial spaceflight companies, and international partners such as the European Space Agency (ESA), the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA)
with the goal of landing “the first woman and the next man” on the Moon, specifically at the lunar south pole region by 2024
•The main objective is to measure what happens when the Sun’s radiation hits our rocky moon, where there is no magnetic field to protect it
•NASA announces graduating class of 11 astronauts for upcoming space missions including the Artemis Mission.
[The team includes an Indian American- Raja Chari.
•On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human to step on the Moon as part of the Apollo 11 mission.
•After July 1969, 12 American astronauts walked on the surface of the Moon until 1972
What are CRZ rules
•In India, the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Rules govern human and industrial activity close to the coastline, in order to protect the fragile ecosystems near the sea.
•[They restrict certain kinds of activities — like large constructions, setting up of new industries, storage or disposal of hazardous material, mining, reclamation and bunding — within a certain distance from the coastline]
•In all Rules, the regulation zone has been defined as the area up to 500 m from the high-tide line
◽For the so-called CRZ-III (Rural) areas, two separate categories have been stipulated
•CRZ-IIIA : with a population density of 2,161 per sq km as per the 2011 Census, the no-development zone is 50 m from the high-tide level, as against the 200 m stipulated earlier
•CRZ-IIIB: (rural areas with population density below 2,161 per sq km) areas continue to have a no-development zone extending up to 200 m from the high-tide line

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