August Quiz Revision

    ●Strategic Partnership model;-
↪A policy aimed at manufacturing high-tech defence equipment in India by engaging Indian private sector companies.(will boost ‘Make in India’ )
●Chandrashekhar Azad;-
↪he was disappointed by Gandhi’s suspension of the noncooperation movement.
↪played a key role in reorganising the HRA as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
↪Bismil gave the moniker ‘Quick Silver’ to Azad
↪aims at deepening BRICS cooperation in digitalisation, industrialisation, innovation, inclusiveness and investment, to maximise the opportunities and address the challenges arising from the 4th Industrial Revolution
●Flash Flood Guidance System (FFGS) project ;-
↪implemented by “World Meteorological Organisation”
↪Is an important tool necessary to provide operational forecasters and disaster management agencies with real-time informational guidance products pertaining to the threat of small-scale flash flooding.
●D-Voters;-(in assam)
↪Who lack proper citizenship documents and have been disenfranchised by the government

●Rohingyas;-{refugees from Myanmar}
↪40k or so Rohingya in India were mostly found in 
•J&K, Hyderabad (Telangana), 
•Mewat in Haryana &Tripura.
↪ govt. made it clear that Rohingyas were “illegal migrants” and not “refugees.”
●C40;-{Cities Climate Leadership Group}
↪connects more than 90 of the world’s greatest cities,
↪C40 is focused on tackling climate change & reduces greenhouse gas emissions 
●Indian Constitution is founded on the bedrock of the balance b/w FR &DPSP in
“Minerva Mills case (1980)”
↪It may help👀
5 Landmark Cases That Changed India’s Governance… — 
●birthplace of the Syrian uprising;-
↪Deraa(Syrian government forces recently retook control of the rebel-held part of Deraa)
●Imported and exported agricultural commodities in past 4 yrs
•imported↪Vegetable oils (nearly 50%)
•exported↪marine products(topped with 16.6%)

●Article 19(1)(g)⤵
•Freedom of Profession↪All citizens are given the right to practise any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business
●state can impose reasonable restrictions on the exercise of citizens’ right to practice any profession in the interest of the general public & ST
●Flood-plains of rivers & Forested hills natural resources ↪are most suited to provide drinking water to large populations in cities
↪ISRO has successfully developed ISROSENE, which is a rocket grade version of kerosene as an alternative to conventional hydrazine rocket fuel.
●Antarctica has largest store of frozen water on the planet followed by “Greenland”
●Mumbai is home to the highest concentration of leopards anywhere in the world(Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai)😑🙏

●Sinai Peninsula;-{also called Sinai Desert}
↪Is a triangular peninsula linking Africa with Asia
↪It adjoins Israel and Gaza Strip on the east.(N-E of Egypt}
●Freedom of Assembly{art-19(1)(b)}
↪Every citizen has the right to assemble peaceably and without arms
↪State can impose reasonable restrictions on two grounds, namely, “sovereignty & integrity” of India and “public order”
●Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data Act (CLOUD Act);-
↪will enable U.S. govt. to enter into executive agreements with like-minded states for cross-border data sharing. 
●Lantana (Lantana camara);-
↪Is one of the world’s most invasive weeds
↪It tends to reduce the biodiversity in the area in which it grows.
●Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL);-
↪was setup under the Department of Atomic Energy on 11th April, 1967
●The Island of Île aux Cochons ;-
↪World’s largest king penguin colony has shrunk nearly 90% since the 1980s
↪Is located b/w “Africa & Antarctica”

●Innocenti Declaration;-
↪was signed in 1990,by government policymakers,WHO,UNICEF & other organisation
↪ to protect, promote and support breastfeeding.
●Kailasa temple at Ellora;-{constructed in 735-757 AD}
↪A group of skilled artisans cut and carved the vertical face of the basalt rock of a hill in Elapura, known today as Ellora, near Aurangabad
↪The double-storey gopuram has exquisitely carved sculptures on the walls
↪There are five subsidiary shrines around the main temple in the circumambulatory path
↪The lotus on the roof of the sanctum is crowned by a finial with four mythical lions, each facing one cardinal direction
●Saint Kabir;-
↪Kabir’s teachings were based on a complete, indeed vehement, rejection of the major religious tradition
●E.V. Ramasamy
↪The wheel for the appointment of non-Brahmin priests in temples was set in motion by E.V. Ramasamy, called as Periyar, in 1970
•Periyar, who called the caste discrimination in temple priesthood as a thorn in his heart threatened to stage a mass demonstration on the Republic Day in 1970 against this
↪government issued an order that enabled the appointment of people from all castes as priests.
●SAATHI(Sustainable and Accelerated Adoption of efficient Textile technologies to Help Small Industries);-
↪will promote the use of energy-efficient equipment in “The textile industry”

●The Organization of American States;-
↪is a continental organization that was founded in 1948.
•Motto ↪”Democracy for peace, security, and development”
●Motor vehicles laws;-{fall under the Concurrent List}↪Central guidelines will prevail
●Climate feedbacks;-
↪are processes that can either amplify or diminish the effects of climate forcings.
•positive feedback↪A feedback that increases an initial warming
•negative feedback↪A feedback that reduces an initial warming
⚙Ice–albedo feedback is a positive 👈feedback climate process where a change in the area of ice caps, glaciers, and sea ice alters the albedo
●National Commission for Backward Classes;-
•NCBC (a statutory body);-
↪can only recommend inclusion and exclusion of castes from the OBC list and ↪the level of income that cuts off the “creamy layer” among these castes from the benefits of reservation.
•NCBC(constitutional body);-
↪will Investigate all matters relating to the constitutional and other legal safeguards of OBCs(presently the grievances of the OBCs addressed by ‘NC for Scheduled Castes)
●Bhishtis;-(also known as Sheikh Abbasi)
↪The Sheikh Abbasi are the traditional water carriers of South Asia
↪ They were historically the suppliers of water from a goat-skin bag known as the mashk or mashq.

●Ismail Faruqui v. Union Of India (1994);-
↪SC Bench in that case had ruled by a majority that a mosque is not essential to Islam
↪allowed govt. to include 2.77 acres (on which the Babri Masjid once stood) in the 67.7 acres of land to be acquired under the Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya (ACAA) Act, 1993.
●Public Accounts Committee;{15LS+7RS)
↪was setup first in 1921(under GoI act-1919)
↪members are elected by the Parliament every year from amongst its members according to the principle of ‘proportional representation’
●Deputy Chairman;-
↪performs the duties of the Chairman’s office when it is vacant or when the Vice-President acts as President or discharges the functions of the President
↪Deputy Chairman is not subordinate to the Chairman(which is not a member of the Parliament)
●Letters of Undertaking and Letters of Credit
↪LoU is a bank guarantee generated on behalf of importers for payments abroad(or LoU is an assurance given by one bank to another to meet a liability on behalf of a customer)
●Xingkong-2(or Starry Sky-2);-
↪ It is China’s hypersonic “waverider” flight vehicle.
↪Is capable of flying independently & of carrying nuclear warheads

●Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve;-(Sikkim)
↪has become 11th Biosphere Reserve from India that has been included in the UNESCO designated World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR)
●Swachh Manch;-{web-based platform}
↪aims to bring together every stakeholder contributing to the Swachh Bharat Mission under a common platform(to create /invite/participate in volunteering opportunities around neighborhoods)
●Government e-Marketplace (GeM);-
↪with objective of creating an open, transparent and efficient procurement platform for government(one stop online marketplace)
↪Average prices on GeM are lower by at least 15-20%
↪More than 40% of transactions by volume are done with MSMEs registered on the platform
↪Quality Council of India is responsible for ensuring quality compliance of goods and services offered through GeM
●ReUnite app;-{launched by “Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation”}
↪helps to track and trace missing and abandoned children in India
●Khan Prahari app{launched by Minitsry of Coal};-
↪It is a tool for reporting any activity taking place related to illegal coal mining
●Niryat Mitra app{launched by Ministry of Commerce & Industry};-
↪It provides wide range of information required to undertake international trade
●Restricted Area Permit (RAP) regime;-{notified under the Foreigners (Restricted Areas) Order, 1963}
↪Under it, foreign nationals(except citizen of Bhutan)are not normally allowed to visit protected or restricted area
↪29 inhabited islands of Andaman & Nicobar have been excluded from the restricted area permit (RAP)
•Areas for which RAP is required;/
↪All of Andaman&Nicobar(29 island excluded now)
↪Parts of Sikkim
●flood management including erosion control↪state subject
•Union Government renders technical guidance & promotional financial assistance to States.
●Fall Armyworm (FAW);-{or Spodoptera frugiperda},
↪Is an insect that is native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas
↪FAW can feed 80 species of plants
↪Inter-cropping is known to protect crops against attack by FAW
●Article 35A;-
↪It is a provision incorporated in the Constitution through a Presidential Order
↪giving J&K State Legislature a complete say in deciding who the ‘permanent residents’ of the State are
•Article 370(1)(d),↪which allows the President to make certain “exceptions and modifications”
↪However Article 368(i) of the Constitution mandates that only the Parliament can amend the Constitution by introducing a new article
●Maharashtra has the largest number of dams (2069) followed by Madhya Pradesh (899), then Gujarat (620)
●National Dam Safety Authority (NDSA);-
↪for standardisation of dam safety related data and practices
↪provide the technical and managerial assistance to the States & State Dam Safety Organisations
↪resolve issue between the State Dam Safety Organisation of states
•Water↪ state subject🙏
●Price Support Scheme (PSS);-
↪ to exempt the procured commodities from levy of mandi tax(procurement includes groundnuts, pulses & cotton)
●Environmental Performance Index;-(2018)
↪Is a biennial report by the World Economic Forum,Yale University,& Columbia University only
↪India ranks 177 among 180 countries
↪India was ranked 155 out of 178 (in 2014)
●Loknayak Jayaprakash Narayan;-
↪he became a Gandhian and was involved in the Bhoodan movement,Naga rebels, the peace initiative in Kashmir
↪He was born in Ballia, a district that was famous for its contribution to India’s freedom struggle especially during the Quit India movement
●●One District One Product (Ek Zila – Ek Ut padan) Scheme;-{ UP govt.}
↪to promote traditional industries in every district of the state.(75 districts)
•Meerut↪sports goods{Surajkund😀)
•Varanasi ↪Banarasi sari
•Lucknow ↪chikan
•Kanpur↪leather goods
•Agra ↪leather footwear
•Moradabad ↪brassware
•Saharanpur↪wooden products
•Rampur↪rampuri chhuree(knife)
•Bhadohi ↪carpet
●Exercise Peace Mission;-
↪Is a multi-nation counter-terror exercise
↪will take place under the framework of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
↪In a first, arch rivals India and Pakistan will be part of a multi-nation counter-terror exercise in Russia in September
●Indian bull frog (Hoplobatrachus tigerinus);-
↪Is steadily occupying the ecosystem in the Andamans and threatening the local economy
•IUCN status↪ Least concern
●Khangchendzonga National Park(KNP);-
↪India’s first to be inscribed as a “Mixed World Heritage Site”
↪It comprises around 41% of the entire geographical area of Sikkim
●Man and Biosphere Programme(MAB);-
↪Is an intergovernmental scientific programme(launched in 1971 by UNESCO), ↪aims to establish a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their environments
•MAB Council has met annually
•other Member States of UNESCO that are not members of the Council can send representatives as observers
●Alien species introduced in waves by the British, Japanese etc in Andaman Nicobar island;-
•these include↪
°the elephant(introduced for logging & later abandoned)
°chital (spotted deer)
°hog deer
°barking deer (all three for game meat).
●language in the Andaman & Nicobar Island ;-
↪Hindi & English are the official languages of the islands
↪Bengali is the dominant and most spoken language(with 26% of the population speaking Bengali)🙃
●Caspian Sea;-
•share border with TIKA{😀Bhabhi ji ghar par hai !}
°I↪ Iran
◆Russia touch both Black sea & Caspian sea
• Caspian sea has vast oil & gas reserves.
↪It Supplies most of the world’s demand for caviar(b/w 80-90% of the world’s caviar is sourced from the Caspian)
◆Black sea share border with “TURbg”
●Andamans & Nicobars Island;-
•Distance b/w ⤵
°Port Blair & Kolkata↪1400 km (by sea)
°Port Blair & Kolkata ↪1230 km(by sea)
°Port Blair & Visakhapatnam↪1278 km
• Duncan passage separates ⤵
Little Andaman & Rutland Island
●All Battery Operated Vehicles shall now exhibit their registration mark in Yellow colour on Green background for transport vehicles and for all other cases, in White colour on Green background
•trucks & taxis↪yellow number plate with black text.
•vehicles available on rent for self-drive↪Black number plate with yellow lettering
•Vehicles belonging to foreign consulates ↪ white lettering on a light blue background.
•Military vehicles↪Number plate with upward pointing arrow
◆The President of India & governors of states travel in official cars without license plates↪They have the Emblem of India in gold, embossed on a “red coloured plate.”
😘 🇮🇳
●Caspian Sea;-
•share border with TIKA{😀Bhabhi ji ghar par hai !}
°I↪ Iran
•Russia touch both Black sea & Caspian sea
↪Iran(400 miles) has smallest coastline opening out to the Caspian Sea followed by Azerbaijan (443 miles)
●Calligraphy(the art of handwriting);-
↪was considered a skill of great importance in Mughal India
↪Akbar’s favourite was the nastaliq (a fluid style with long horizontal strokes)
●Smartnet;-{Mo Housing & Urban Affairs}
↪to support the development of cities across India and to create a resource-rich ecosystem of learning
● Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), El Nino & MJO are all oceanic & atmospheric phenomena, which affect weather on a large scale.
↪ IOD only pertains to the Indian Ocean, but the other two affect weather on a global scale
•Madden-Julian Oscillation(MJO);-
↪can be defined as an eastward moving ‘pulse’ of clouds, rainfall, winds and pressure near the equator that typically recurs every 30 to 60 days
●Originally, the constitution did not make any special provisions for states except J&K
●Palm oil;-
↪Is the most widely used vegetable oil on the planet &
↪Is believed to be in about 50% of products found in supermarkets & shops
↪it comes from the reddish pulp of the fruit found on African oil palm( known as Elaeis guineensis)
•The oil is important for lipstick because it holds colour well(has no taste & doesn’t melt at high temperatures)
•Their plantations presently are considered to pose a significant threat to the survival of “Orangutan species”
●Project Elephant;-{launched in 1992}
↪to conservation & protection of wild elephants & restoration of natural habitats
↪ensuring safeguards & control of human elephant conflicts
↪welfare & management of captive elephants.
●PARIVESH (Pro-Active and Responsive facilitation by Interactive, Virtuous and Environmental Single-window Hub);-
↪for E-Governance and enhancing Ease of Doing Responsible Business(vision of PM)
●Components of the All India General ‘Consumer Price Index’;-
•Food & beverages ↪45.86%
•Housing ↪10.07%
• Cereals & Products ↪9.67%
•Transport & Communication ↪8.59%
●The Greater Adjutant;(IUCN->endangered) ↪is a member of the stork family(known to breed in Assam and Bihar)
●The Whale Shark;-( IUCN->endangered) ↪has a circumtropical distribution through all tropical and warm temperate seas, apart from the Mediterranean
●India’s financial assistance to SAARC countries,with the exception of “Maldives” has been declining in recent years
●Salma Dam, constructed by India, is in “Afghanistan”
●Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO);-
↪is a not-for-profit that unites stakeholders from the 7 sectors of the palm oil industry
↪Nearly 19% of global palm oil production is certified by it
•The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) help set up the RSPO.
●NABH(NextGen Airport for Bharat) Nirman scheme ;-
↪will help with the promotion of UDAN (Ude Desh ke Aam Nagarik)regional connectivity scheme
●“Pitch to MOVE” competition scheme;-
↪NITI Aayog is organising ‘Pitch to MOVE’, 1st of its kind Mobility Summit in India
↪aims to provide the budding entrepreneurs of India
●President election of UN General Assembly (UNGA);-
↪establish a new process(conduct informal interactive dialogues with candidates for the position of President)
↪ 73rd President election of the General Assembly took place in HQ-New York
●e-Aksharayan;-{launched by Ministry of Information Technology}
↪Is desktop software for converting scanned printed Indian Language documents into a fully editable text format in Unicode encoding.
●Rajya Sabha enter into an MoU for promoting inter-parliamentary dialogue with “Rwanda”
●committee/task force – chairperson
•Mob lynching ↪ Rajiv Gauba;
•Reducing import dependence↪ PK Sinha
●Global Peace Index (GPI);-
↪released by Australia-based “Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP)”🙏
●World Bank was heavily involved in supporting dam construction projects around the world(until 1990s)
↪China has filled the gap & now dominates the industry
● jealously-protected monopoly of the East India Company was finally abolished by Charter Act of 1833
↪China trade was opened to the competition of dozens of British companies
●Paithans are located in Maharashtra
↪Paithani sarees & fabrics have been accorded the GI tag
●National Parks⤵
•Kaziranga NP↪Assam
•Intanki NP ↪ Nagaland
•Balphakram NP ↪Meghalaya;
•Namdapha NP↪Arunachal Pradesh
(River Noa-Dihing, a tributary of R.Brahmaputra flows through this NP)
●The Gol Gumbad;-{is situated in Bijapur, Karnataka}
↪Is Deccani style of Indo-Islamic Architecture
↪Commissioned by Muhammad Adil Shah🙏
●HeliNa stands for ‘Helicopter-launched NAG'{Sahi khel gaye🙃3/5 )    …..21 august
where NAG↪anti-tank Guided Missile.
↪Is one of the most advanced Anti-Tank Weapons in the world
↪successfully tested by the Indian Army
●MPLADS scheme;-
↪In 1993-94, when the Scheme was launched, an amount of ₹ 5 lakh per MP Now it is ₹5 Cr
↪Lok Sabha Members can recommend works within their Constituencies
↪Nominated Members of both Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha can recommend works anywhere in the country
•Elected Members of Rajya Sabha representing the whole of the State as they do, may select works for implementation in one or more district
●Global Liveability Index;- {released by The Economist Intelligence Unit}
↪Mumbai(117th) and Delhi(112th)have been ranked out of 140 cities
●Wheat Crop;-
↪one of the first domesticated food crops ↪Is today the world’s most widely cultivated crop.
↪ The crop can be grown from equatorial regions to within the Arctic Circle
↪recently crop’s genome has been fully annotated for the first time
●iCRAFPT(International Conference on Recent Advances in Food Processing Technology);-
↪important platform for inspiring international & interdisciplinary exchange at the forefront of food research
↪held at Indian Institute of Food Processing Technology,Thanjavur in TN
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