●Chandra Shekhar Azad (23rd July 1906 -27th February 1931)
•Azad was born on 23rd July 1906 in the Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh.
•Chandra Shekhar, then a 15-year-old student, joined a Non-Cooperation Movement in December 1921.( As a result, he was arrested.)
•On being presented before a magistrate, he gave his name as “Azad” (The Free), his father’s name as “Swatantrata” (Independence) and his residence as “Jail”. 😁:)
•Therefore, he came to be known as Chandra Shekhar Azad
•After the suspension of the non-cooperation movement in 1922 by Gandhi, Azad joined Hindustan Republican Association (HRA)
•Kakori Conspiracy(1925): Most of the fund collection for revolutionary activities was done through robberies of government property. (In line with the same, Kakori Train Robbery near Kakori, Lucknow was done in 1925 by HRA.)
•HRA was a revolutionary organization of India established in 1924 in East Bengal by Sachindra Nath Sanyal, Narendra Mohan Sen and Pratul Ganguly as an offshoot of Anushilan Samiti.
•Members: Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Sukhdev, Ram Prasad Bismil, Roshan Singh, Ashfaqulla Khan, Rajendra Lahiri.
•Hindustan Socialist Republican Association was later reorganised as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA).
•It was established in 1928 at Feroz Shah Kotla in New Delhi by Chandra Shekhar Azad, Ashfaqulla Khan, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee.
•HSRA planned the shooting of J. P. Saunders, a British Policeman at Lahore in 1928 to avenge the killing of Lala Lajpat Rai.
•He died at Azad Park in Allahabad on 27th February 1931.