●Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)
•It is a United States federal law that imposed sanctions on Iran, North Korea, and Russia.
•It includes sanctions against countries that engage in significant transactions with Russia’s defense and intelligence sectors.
•Recently, the USA has reiterated its position and asked all its allies and partners, including India, to stop transactions with Russia.
•India could also face USA sanctions for purchasing the S-400 Triumf missile defense system from Russia under the CAATSA
【USA has reiterated its position on CAATSA in the context of India’s planned jet fighter deal with Russia at an estimated Rs. 18,148 crore】
•The USA suspended Turkey from its F-35 aircraft programme and barred it from purchasing the jet, following Turkey’s purchase of the S-400 from Russia.
However, this was done without invoking CAATSA.
•Major Defence Partner: The USA recognised India as a Major Defence Partner in 2016.
•The designation allows India to buy more advanced and sensitive technologies from America at par with that of the USA’s closest allies and partners.
•Issues with Purchase from Adversary: The USA fears that acquisitions by countries like India on significant systems would either expose or put at risk platforms and its technologies to an adversary.
•It has declared that the S-400 purchase by Turkey from Russia has put a risk to its F-35 aircraft system.
•Waiver Criteria under CAATSA: The USA President was given the authority in 2018 to waive CAATSA sanctions on a case-by-case basis.
•However, the USA has repeatedly stated that India should not assume it will get a waiver.