●National Deworming Day
•It is observe twice in a year (on 10th February and 10th August)
•It aims at eradicating intestinal worms also known as Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STH), among children in the age group of 1-19 years.
◽[Intestinal worms: are parasites that live in the human intestines and consume nutrients and vitamins that a child consumes]
•Started in 2015 by the Ministry Of Health And Family Welfare, the NDD is the largest public health program implemented on a single day reaching crores of children and adolescents through two NDD rounds every year.
•NDD is a key intervention of Anemia Mukt Bharat.
●Supreme Court upholds constitutional validity of 2018 SC/ST Amendment Act
- High Court would also have an “inherent power” to grant anticipatory bail in cases in which prima facie an offence under the anti-atrocities law is not made out.
- However, the courts should take care to use this power to grant anticipatory bail “only sparingly and in very exceptional cases”. [It should not become a norm lest it leads to miscarriage of justice and abuse of the process of law.]
◽SC/ST act Amendment Bill(2018) inserted three new clauses;-
1↪No preliminary enquiry for FIR
2↪Arrest of accused person not require any approval
3↪Sec-438 of CrPC(deals anticipatory bail)will not apply to a case under this Act
●Solar Orbiter Mission
•NASA has launched the Solar Orbiter to space on an Atlas 5 rocket from Florida on February 10
•The mission is a cooperative mission between NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) which will help researchers to know how the star’s energy affects Earth and humans in space [Solar Orbiter will make 22 close approaches to the sun over the next 10 years]
•It also intends to give a better understanding of how stars can affect the space environment throughout the solar system
•The solar wind: is the mixture of charged particles that are highly concentrated at the poles and beam through our solar system, affecting satellites and electronic devices on Earth.[ Including our TV signal😯:)
●US Nod to Integrated Air Defence Weapon System
•The US has approved the sale of an Integrated Air Defence Weapon System (IADWS) to India at an estimated cost of $1.9 billion.
•The objective of the deal is to modernise India’s armed forces and to expand its existing air defence architecture to counter threats posed by air attacks
◽The Integrated Air Defence Weapon System (IADWS)
•It is an upgraded version of the National Advanced Surface to Air Missile System (NASAMS) developed by the US firm Raytheon in partnership with Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace of Norway [also called NASAMS-II
•It comes amidst the massive military modernisation by China which is also flexing its military muscles in the strategic Indo-Pacific region.
●SuperCam on Mars 2020 Rover
•NASA is sending a robot called SuperCam aboard the Mars 2020 rover to study rocks and look for signs of past life on Mars.[kya baat!👏]
•The robot uses a camera, laser and spectrometers for studying mineralogy and chemistry from up to about 7 metres away
•SuperCam’s laser is uniquely capable of remotely clearing away surface dust, giving all of its instruments a clear view of the targets.
•It can fire a laser to study rock targets smaller than a pencil point
•It will identify which elements in the Martian dust may be harmful to humans etc.
•It is an age-old art form popular in Telangana [The art form dates back to 2nd century BC]
•It is a theatre art form that combines dance, music, dialogue, costume, make-up, and stage techniques with a unique style and form.
•The word ‘Chindu’ in Telugu means ‘jump’. As their presentation is interspersed with leaps and jumps, it gained the name of Chindu Yakshaganam.
•Chindu is also derived from the artistes’ caste Chindu Madiga, a sub-caste of Madiga among SCs(Dalit)
•The Chindu Yakshaganam is also called Chindu Bhagavatam as most of the stories narrated are from ‘Bhagavatam [Bhagavata Purana]
●Global conservation list
•India will be moving to include the Asian Elephant and the Great Indian Bustard in global conservation list- the list of species that merit heightened conservation measures
•The list will be debated at the 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS), an environment treaty under the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
•The COP is scheduled to be organised from February 17 to 22 in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
•India has been designated the President of the COP for the next three years
•Having the elephant and the Great Indian Bustard in the list — more formally known as Appendix 1 would give more resources and attention to protecting them
●SC says can’t issue mandamus for job promotions quota
•The Supreme Court has ruled that reservation in the matter of promotions in public posts is not a fundamental right and [the court cannot be compelled to issue mandamus directing state governments to provide reservations]
◽What is Mandamus Writ:?
•Mandamus is a Latin word which means We Command.It is a command issued by the court to a public official asking him to perform his official duties that he has failed refused to perform.
•It can also be issued against any public body, a corporation, an inferior court, tribunal or government for the same purpose.
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