●Women Eligible for Permanent Commission
•Supreme Court has ruled that the Short Service Commission (SSC) women officers are eligible for the permanent commission and command posts in the Army irrespective of their years of service.
•The verdict came on a nearly 10-year-old appeal filed by the government against the 2010 decision of the Delhi High Court to grant SSC women officers permanent commission
◽Commissioned officer can serve till he retires.
◽Short Service Commission(SSC) means that they are recruited for a period of 10 years. However, the tenure can be extended to 14 years. (They also have a option to take permanent commission.)
•After implementation of the judgement, a woman can rise to the rank of Colonel and above based on merit, like their male counterparts. [A Colonel commands a battalion, which typically consists of 850 men]
●Battle of Gallipoli (17 February 1915 to 9 January 1916)
•India has objected to Turkey President’s comparison of the Kashmir situation to the Battle of Çanakkale/Gallipoli of World War I (1914–18)
•The Battle of Gallipoli or the Dardanelles Campaign was an unsuccessful attempt by the Allied Powers to control the sea route from Europe to Russia during World War I.
•The campaign began with a failed naval attack by British and French ships on the Dardanelles Straits (connecting the Sea of Marmara to the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea) involving British and French troops as well as divisions of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC)
•It is considered to be one of the bloodiest battles of World War I leading to the death of tens of thousands of soldiers on both sides.
◽The date of the Gallipoli landings i.e April 25, 1915 is observed by Australia and New Zealand as ANZAC Day
●State of India’s Bird 2020
•Recently, It is released at the 13th Conference of Parties of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals which is taking place in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
•The first-of-its-kind analysis was carried out by ten research and conservation organisations across India.
•It used a massive database of over 10 million observations uploaded by 15,000 birdwatchers on the online platform (e-Bird) and ‘citizen science data’ to assess the distribution and trends of common Indian birds.
•Over 50 per cent of the 867 species studied, exhibit a population decline in the long term while 146 are at great risk in the short term.
●E-MASIHA (E-Medical Assistance System for Indian Pilgrims Abroad)
•It is an online system to create and maintain the complete health database of Indian pilgrims.
•Recently, the Ministry of Minority Affairs has informed that India has made the Hajj 2020 process completely digital
•India has become the first country in the world which has made the entire Hajj 2020 process 100% digital.
◽The Hajj: It is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the holiest city for Muslims.
•The Hajj is the second largest annual gathering of Muslims in the world
●The Barakah nuclear power plant in Abu DhabiHide — uploads.disquscdn.com
•Recently, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has issued an operating licence for the Arab world’s first nuclear power plant, paving the way for it to start production in 2020
•Barakah will have four reactors with a total capacity of 5,600 megawatts. It will be almost a fifth of the country’s current installed generating capacity.
•The plant is located on a sparsely populated strip of desert on the Persian Gulf coast.
•PIC : Products from Indigenous Cows
•Recently, the Ministry of Science and Technology has launched the “Scientific Utilization through Research Augmentation-Prime Products from Indigenous Cows” (SUTRA-PIC India)
•It aims to develop products as well as improve the genetic quality of indigenous cattle breeds
•It also aims scientific research on the complete characterisation of milk and milk products derived from Indian indigenous cows etc.
◽Panchagavya: is an Ayurvedic panacea and is a mixture of five (pancha) products of the cow (gavya) — milk, curd, ghee, dung and urine
•They are an Austroasiatic ethnic group living primarily in the Indian state of Jharkhand.
•They are included in the list of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups(PVTG’s).
•The Asur tribe has been using mobile radio to transmit local news and songs which is helping them revive the dying tribal language
●Munich Security Conference
•It is an annual conference on international security policy being held since 1963
•It try to address the topical main security issues and to debate and analyse the main security challenges
•External Affairs Minister Jaishankar represented India at the Munich Security Conference being held in Munich, Germany, from 14th to 16th February 2020
◽2020 Theme: ‘Westlessness