Habitable-zone Planet Finder (HPF) confirmed its first planet : G 9-40b
•HPF is an astronomical spectrograph, built by Penn State University scientists, and recently installed on the 10m Hobby-Eberly Telescope at McDonald Observatory (US).
[HPF searches for exoplanets by using the Doppler effect.]
•Earlier, NASA’s Kepler mission had observed a dip in the host star’s light, suggesting that the planet was crossing in front of the star during its orbit
[G 9-40b is amongst the top 20 closest transiting planets known]
◽Doppler Effect: It is the change in frequency of a wave in relation to an observer who is moving relative to the wave source.
Gold deposits of around 3,000 tonnes in Sonbhadra,UP
•The Geological Survey of India (GSI) has discovered gold deposits of around 3,000 tonnes in Son Pahadi and Hardi areas of Sonbhadra district in Uttar Pradesh.😊!
[The gold deposits are almost five times India’s current gold reserve]
◽【1 ton= 10 quintal=1000 Kg】
•According to the World Gold Council, India has gold reserves of more than 600 tonnes, the 10th largest in the world. [Now position would change 🙂
•U.S has the highest gold reserves with 8,133.5 tonnes followed by Germany with 3,366.8 tonnes and IMF) with a holding of 2,451.8 tonnes
5G Hackathon by Department of Telecommunications (DoT)
•It aims at shortlisting India’s cutting edge ideas that can be converted into workable 5G products and solutions.
•It will be spread across three phases beginning from February 2020 and culminating October 2020.
•It is open to developers, students, start-ups, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), academic institutions & registered companies in India and NRIs
•Participants can develop 5G solutions from various categories including Healthcare, Education and Governance, AgriTech , Cyber Security , Environment etc.
ASKDISHA Chatbot by IRCTC
•It is an Artificial Intelligence-based chatbot which was initially launched in the English language in October 2018.
•It is a first-of-its-kind initiative by IRCTC which aims to benefit the users of the ticketing and tourism websites of IRCTC to resolve queries of railway passengers over the internet pertaining to various services offered [ like reservation of tickets, cancellation, enquiry of refund status, fare, PNR search, train running status]
•IRCTC has powered voice-enabled ASKDISHA Chatbot to converse with customers in the Hindi language.
•The customers can now ask queries to ASKDISHA in Hindi by voice as well as text.
Khelo India University Games 2020 in Odisha
•PM launched the first-ever Khelo India University Games in Cuttack (Odisha) on February 22, 2020
•The Khelo India University Games are being launched by the Government of India in association with the Government of Odisha.
•It is an aspirational competition for India’s youngsters with the objective of helping them find the balance between sport and education.
•It is the largest ever competition held at the university level in India and will have about 3500 athletes from over 150 universities across the country taking part in it.
•It is implemented by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports.
[Talented players will be provided annual financial assistance of INR 5 lakh per annum for 8 years👍]
Food Planet Prize by Sweden
•Sweden has created two $1 million prizes named ‘Food Planet Prize’ for solutions to feed billions of people
•It aims to recognize ground-breaking initiatives from around the world that addresses the climate change threats towards food supply
◽The prize will be given for two categories namely the
1. For existing scalable solution for sustainable foods
2. For innovative initiatives that could transform the global food sector.
Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal;–
•There is tussle over sharing of the Mahadayi river b/w Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra
•Verdict in 2018:
°Karnataka -> 13.4 tmc of water
°Goa -> 24 tmc &
°Maharashtra ->1.33 tmc
•The Mahadayi river basin drains an area of 2032 sq km
°Goa ~>1580 sq km
°Karnataka ~>375 sq km
°Maharashtra ~>77 sq km
◽Supreme Court in its interim order allowed the plea of the Karnataka government for implementation of the final award by a tribunal for sharing of water between Goa, Karnataka, and Maharashtra from the Mahadayi river.
Protection for Great Indian Bustard, Asian Elephant, and Bengal Florican
•They have been included in Appendix I of UN Convention on Migratory Species at the ongoing 13th Conference of the Parties (COP) to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) in Gandhinagar (Gujarat).
1. Great Indian Bustard: Critically Endangered
2. Asian Elephant: Endangered
3. Bengal Florican: Critically Endangered
•It is a seasonal water stream, which runs through the Malwa region of Punjab.
•It passes through Ludhiana district and drains into Sutlej River, a tributary of the Indus river
•Punjab government has approved ₹650 crores in the first phase for rejuvenation of the highly polluting Buddah Nullah
Nature Ranking Index-2020
•Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has ranked first in the Nature Ranking Index-2020
•The ranking is based on the Nature Index, a database complied by science journal Nature Research.
•The rankings are based on the total research output which the institutions have carried out from December,2018 to November,2019.
[The research output means the total citations in numbers and sharing percentage per article]
◽Top 5 institute in the index
1. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research(CSIR)
2. Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore,
3. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR-Mumbai)
4. Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI)
Alternative Disputes Resolution (ADR)
•Recently,the Supreme Court has appointed interlocutors for mediation with the anti-Citizenship Amendment Act(CAA) protesters to end their blockade of a public road.
•Alternative Dispute Resolution (“ADR”) refers to any means of settling disputes outside of the courtroom.
[ADR typically includes early neutral evaluation, negotiation, conciliation, mediation, and arbitration]
•The main advantage of this form of dispute settlement is that it allows the parties themselves to control the process and the solution.
Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM).
•It aims to deliver integrated project-based infrastructure in the rural areas, which will also include development of economic activities and skill development.
•The preferred mode of delivery is through Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) while using various scheme funds for financing.
•Substantial part of the works identified for development is focused on provision of basic and economic amenities like 24/7 Water Supply to all households, Solid and Liquid Waste Management facilities at the household and Skill development to promote Small and Medium Scale Enterprises
Project Tej by Telangana in association with MedTechConnect
•It is a platform to help entrepreneurs test their innovative ideas in the field of medical technologies.
•Under this,medical technology innovators and device manufacturers can validate the usability of their devices in public health settings and gain access to public health channels.
◽MedTechConnect was founded by engineering services company Cyient and Xynteo’s India 2022 Coalition
International Judicial Conference, 2020 in New Delhi
•Two-day International Judicial Conference, 2020 is presently underway at the Supreme Court auditorium
•The aim of the International Judicial Conference is to facilitate cross fertilisation of ideas between judges of India and those from abroad
•PM Modi stressed that this is the decade of rapid changes not only in India but also the World. [He said the changes are taking place in Social, Economic and Technological fields and that they should be based on logic, equitable justice.] “Hence the topic of this conference, “Judiciary and The Changing World” is apt and significant