G20, 2020 meeting held in Riyadh (Saudi Arabia)
•Saudi Arabia is the first Arab nation to hold the G20 presidency
•It projects a “V-shaped, rapid recovery” for the global economy, but it warns about the uncertainty around the spread of the coronavirus (COVID 19)
•The IMF also warned about other risks including rising debt levels in some countries as well as climate change [discussed]
•The G20 is an informal group of 19 countries and the European Union, with representatives of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
◽Theme : “Realizing Opportunities of the 21st Century for All”
Pakke Tiger Reserve (PTR) in Arunachal pradesh
•Arunachal Pradesh government is planning to build a 692.7 km highway through the 862 sq km Pakke Tiger Reserve (PTR) in East Kameng district, Arunachal pradesh.
•It is named the East-West Industrial Corridor, the highway aims to connect Arunachal Pradesh with Assam.
[ However, the project makes no mention of compensation for people likely to be displaced.]
•It has been argued that corridor will also be a threat to the adjoining Nameri Tiger Reserve in Assam.
•It is known for its amazing sightings of four resident hornbill species.
•The great hornbill is the state bird of Arunachal Pradesh and Kerala.
[The Hornbill festival is also celebrated in Nagaland]
Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka
•The Malai Mahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary will be declared as a tiger reserve soon.[ With this notification, Karnataka will have six tiger reserves]
•It is spread over 906.18 sq km – is contiguous to BRT Tiger Reserve, Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve and the Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary
◽It consists mainly of dry deciduous type degrading to scrub forest in the fringe areas
A new snail species named as ‘Craspedotropis Gretathunbergae’
•A group of scientists have recently discovered a new species of land snail in Brunei
•The new species reside in tropical rainforests and is sensitive to drought and extreme temperatures (which have become more frequent due to climate change).
•Hence as an honour to Swedish Climate Change activist Greta Thunberg, who has been making efforts to raise awareness about climate change
[Recently, a tiny species of beetle(झींगुर) was also named after her as Nelloptodes Gretae]
Jalyukta Shivar Abhiyan- the flagship water conservation project in Maharashtra
•It was launched in December 2014 after Maharashtra experienced consecutive droughts.
•With aim to potentially mitigate water scarcity in the most drought-prone villages in a systematic manner.[ By January 2019, the scheme had transformed 16,000 drought-prone villages of Maharashtra]
•This flagship water conservation project launched by previous Devendra Fadnavis-led BJP government. Five years hence, the project has been officially scrapped by the Maha Vikas Aghadi government
[During its five-year tenure, which ended in October last year, one of the main corruption charges levied against the BJP-Shiv Sena government in Maharashtra was against the Jalyukta Shivar project.(Paani mein bhi chori!]
•Kawal Tiger Reserve is located at Adilabad district in Telangana state of India.
•The Government of India declared Kawal wildlife sanctuary as Tiger Reserve in 2012.
•The Kawal wildlife sanctuary was established in 1965 and later declared as the Protected Area (PA) in 1999 under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.
[Flora: Dry Deciduous Teak Forests mixed with Bamboo.]
◽The area is increasingly getting threatened by growing human encroachments, rampant poaching, illegal wood felling and habitat loss