●Lala Lajpat Rai
•Rai Sir is remembered for his role during the Swadeshi movement and for his advocacy of education
•He became a follower of Dayanand Saraswati,the founder of the Arya Samaj, and went on to become one of the society’s leaders.
•He also helped found the Punjab National Bank
•Rai, Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal (called Lal-Bal-Pal) fervently advocated the use of Swadeshi goods and mass agitation in the aftermath of the controversial Partition of Bengal in 1905 by Lord Curzon.
•He founded the Indian Home Rule League of America in New York City in 1917
•He was elected President of the Indian National Congress during its Special Session in Kolkata in 1920, which saw the launch of Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-cooperation Movement.
•The patriot died at Lahore in 1928 after he was attacked by police during a protest rally against the Simon Commission.
◽Lala Lajpat Rai’s 155th birth anniversary celebrated on January 28, 2020
•India has a bicameral system i.e., two Houses of Parliament. At the state level, the equivalent of the Lok Sabha is the Vidhan Sabha or Legislative Assembly; that of the Rajya Sabha is the Vidhan Parishad or Legislative Council
•Under Article 169 of the constitution, Parliament may by law create or abolish the second chamber in a state if the Legislative Assembly of that state passes a resolution to that effect by a special majority
▫️How are members of the Council elected?
•1/3rd of members are elected by members of the Assembly.
•1/3rd by electorates consisting of members of municipalities, district boards and other local authorities in the state.
•1/12th by an electorate consisting of teachers.
•1/12th by registered graduates.
•The remaining 1/6th members are nominated by the Governor
◽Andhra Pradesh Cabinet has approved a statutory resolution seeking the abolition of the Legislative Council
• Why?: Rather than fulfilling the lofty objective of getting intellectuals into the legislature, the forum is likely to be used to accommodate party functionaries who fail to get elected 👍
【after this reddy ji, we want to hear some unique policies(+ve) from Andhra Pradesh 🙏!】
●National Population Register (NPR)
•It is a Register of usual residents of the country.
▫️usual resident : A usual resident is defined for the purposes of NPR as a person who has resided in a local area for the past 6 months or more or a person who intends to reside in that area for the next 6 months or more.
•It is being prepared at the local (Village/sub-Town), sub-District, District, State and National level under provisions of the Citizenship Act 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and issue of National Identity Cards) Rules, 2003.
•It is mandatory for every usual resident of India to register in the NPR.
Objectives: To create a comprehensive identity database of every usual resident in the country. [for better implementation of policies]
•Supreme Court Agrees To Hear Pleas Against National Population Register
•It is the world’s very first patented heterogeneous catalytic process which converts multiple feedstocks into Energy (hydrocarbon liquid fuels, gas, carbon as well as water)
•The waste generated will become the feeder material for the waste to energy plant.
•The energy which will be produced at the plant, will be in the form of light diesel oil and this oil will be used to light furnaces
•All the constituents are converted to valuable energy therefore, making it a zero discharge process through the plant
◽The country’s first Government-owned Waste-to-Energy Plant was recently commissioned at the Mancheswar Carriage Repair Workshop in Odisha
●Govt signs accord with NDFB, ABSU to resolve Bodo issueHide — uploads.disquscdn.com
•Bodos are the single largest tribal community in Assam, making up over 5-6 per cent of the state’s population. [They have controlled large parts of Assam in the past.]
•In 1966-67, the demand for a separate state called Bodoland was raised under the banner of the Plains Tribals Council of Assam (PTCA), a political outfit
•For centuries, they survived sanskritisation without giving up their original ethnic identity [ The Bodos have not only become an ethnic minority in their own ancestral land but have also been struggling for their existence and status as an ethnic community]
•The first Bodo accord was signed with the ABSU in 1993, leading to the creation of a Bodoland Autonomous Council with limited political powers. The BTC was created in 2003 with some more financial and other powers.
◽The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), the Assam government and the Bodo groups have signed an agreement to redraw and rename the Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD) in Assam
[to end the 50-year-old Bodo crisis.]
•As per the agreement, villages dominated by Bodos that were presently outside the BTAD would be included and those with non-Bodo population would be excluded
•The families of those killed during the Bodo movement would get Rs. 5 lakh each.
●India’s first underwater metro:Hide — uploads.disquscdn.com
•India’s first underwater metro nears completion after costs double.
•The first underwater metro project is being constructed in Kolkata, a part of which will pass under the iconic Hoogly river on which the famous Howrah bridge is constructed