Gender Parity Index(GPI): released by UNESCO
•It measures the ratio of the number of female students enrolled at primary, secondary and tertiary levels of education to the number of male students in each level
•GPI that varies between 0 and 1 typically means a disparity in favour of males; [whereas a GPI greater than 1 indicates a disparity in favour of females.]
•India’s GPI for the year 2018-19 at different levels of School Education is as under:
1). Primary Education: 1.03
2.) Upper Primary Education: 1.12
3.) Secondary Education: 1.04
4.) Higher Secondary Education: 1.04
•India’s GPI indicates that the number of girls is more than the number of boys at all levels of school Education. 👏😊!
Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme(IDSP)
•It was launched in 2004 by the Ministry of Health and Family Affairs with the assistance of the World Bank.
•It aims to strengthen/maintain decentralized laboratory based IT enabled disease surveillance systems for epidemic prone diseases to monitor disease trends and to detect and respond to outbreaks in early rising phase through trained Rapid Response Team(RRTs)
•GoI is tracing the people who have come in contact with the Coronavirus patients through it’s Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme(IDSP).
Freedom in the World 2020 Report
•The report is released by Freedom House, a U.S.-based watchdog, which has been tracking global political and civil liberties for almost half a century
•It covers 195 countries, awarding scores based on
•Freedom in the World 2020 report has ranked India at the 83rd position along with Timor-Leste and Senegal.
•India’s score fell by four points to 71 (from 75), the worst decline among the world’s 25 largest democracies.
•India scored 34 out of 40 points in the political rights category, ( but only 37 out of 60 in the civil liberties category)
•India is near the bottom of the pile among the countries categorised as “Free”, with only Tunisia receiving a lower score
Solar Charkha Mission
•It is a Ministry of Micro Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) initiative launched in 2018
•To ensure inclusive growth by generation of employment, especially for women and youth, and sustainable development through solar charkha clusters in rural areas.
[To boost rural economy and help in arresting migration from rural to urban areas.]
•These solar charkhas are to be operated using solar power which is a renewable energy source. (It will help in the development of Green Economy as it is an environment friendly programme)
Scheme for Pension and Medical Aid to Artistes
•It aims to improve the financial and socio-economic status of the old artists and scholars (for 60 years of age or more) who have contributed significantly in their specialized fields of arts, letters etc. in their active age or are still contributing.
•Monthly pension of maximum Rs. 4000/- per month is being given to each beneficiary
•It is being implemented by the Ministry of Culture.
International Conference on NanoScience and NanoTechnology (ICONSAT) 2020
•It is the series of biennial international conferences held in India under the aegis of Nano Mission, Department of Science and Technology (DST)
•It is being organized during 5th-7th March at Kolkata (West Bengal)
•The event emphasised on 5Ms – 1)Mechanical,
5) Manpower, and integration of these 5 Ms with nano-science and technology.
•It also aimed to integrate nanotechnology with sustainable development and new technology (machine learning, artificial intelligence and so on).
Limited Liability Partnership(LLP) Settlement Scheme 2020
•Under the Scheme,the Government provides a one-time relaxation in additional fee to the defaulting LLPs by allowing filing of pending documents and help them serve as a compliant LLP in future
•What is Limited Liability Partnership(LLP)
•LLP is an alternative corporate business form that gives the benefits of limited liability of a company and the flexibility of a partnership.
•They are governed under the limited liability partnership act of 2008 with the Corporate Affairs Ministry implementing the Act.
【LLP has more flexibility and lesser compliance requirements as compared to a company】
Jeevan Kaushal (life skills) curriculum
•It is a University Grants Commission (UGC) initiative for providing Life Skills (including soft skills) to students enrolled in Institutions of Higher Education especially at under-graduate level.
•Main objectives of the curriculum are:
1)Enhancement of self awareness
2)Creation of emotional competency and emotional intelligence
3)Learning through practical experiences
4)Achievement of excellence with ethics etc.