●Female Genital Mutilation(FGM)
•It is the name given to procedures that involve altering or injuring the female genitalia for non-medical or cultural reasons
[Which is recognised internationally as a violation of human rights and the health and integrity of girls and women]
•It is typically done between infancy and the age of 15, but adult women may also undergo the procedure.
•As per the World Health Organization (WHO), globally, over 200 million girls alive today have suffered FGM in over 30 countries
◽WHO classifies four types of FGM:
• type 1: (partial or total removal of the clitoral glans).
•type 2: (partial or total removal of the external and visible parts of the clitoris and the inner folds of the vulva).
•type 3 : (infibulation, or narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal).
•type 4: (picking, piercing, incising, scraping and cauterising the genital area)
●Kumbhabhishekam:-(Kumbh-abhishekam)Hide — uploads.disquscdn.com
•It is a Hindu temple ritual that is believed to homogenize, synergize and unite the mystic powers of the deity
•The ‘kumbhabhishekam’ (consecration) of the 1,010-year-old Brihadeeswarar Temple or the Big Temple is being held at Thanjavur.[ This enormously significant event was held after 23 years]
•There was a dispute over which language should be used in the slokas at the kumbhabishegam that the kumbhabishegam should be held only in Tamil. However, the government had told that the consecration will be performed in both Tamil and Sanskrit.
•Built by emperor Rajaraja Chola I (985 CE -1015 CE).
•It has seen only five kumbhabhishekam ceremonies so far. [As per the customs of Hinduism, ‘kumbhabhishekam’ is done once in 12 years]
•The temple is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the “Great Living Chola Temples”
•Brihadeshwara Temple is also the first all-granite temple in the world
●Motion of thanks to President’s Address
•The President makes an address to a joint sitting of Parliament at the start of the Budget session, which is prepared by the government and lists its achievements
•The address is followed by a motion of thanks moved in each House by ruling party MPs
•Members of Parliament vote on this motion of thanks. A failure to get motion of thanks passed amounts to defeat of government and leads to collapse of government.
[ This is why, the Motion of Thanks is deemed to be a no-confidence motion]
•During the session, political parties discuss the motion of thanks also suggesting amendments. [The only limitations are that the name of the President cannot be brought in during the debate since the Government and not the President is responsible for the contents of the Address.]
【Don’t you think President’s address should have her own words in speech🙄!]
●Shri Ram Janambhoomi Teertha Kshetra
•15-member trust to oversee the construction of a Ram temple in Ayodhya has been constituted.
•The announcement of a “broad scheme” for developing a Ram Temple and formation of a Trust named ‘Shri Ram Janambhoomi Teertha Kshetra’ was made by the prime minister.
•Trust will be completely free to take every decision related to the construction of Ram temple.
•the trust can also take a loan.
•The donations received for the Ram temple will be used only for the work of the trust. This money will not be used for any other work
•There is no provision of salary for the members of the Ram Mandir trust etc.
•The court used its powers under Article 142 to direct that “appropriate representation may be given in the Trust to the Nirmohi Akhara”
●Uniform Code of Pharmaceuticals Marketing Practices (“UCPMP Code”)
• The UCPMP is a voluntary code of conduct for ethical marketing practices, and it bars pharma firms from offering inducements to doctors to promote their products [issued by the Department Of Pharmaceuticals]
•UCPMP Code prohibits extending travel facility inside the country or outside, including rail, air, ship, cruise tickets, paid vacations etc. to HealthCare Professionals and their family members for vacation or for attending conference, seminars, workshops, CME programme etc. as a delegate
•Experts working in the area have long demanded that in the context of unethical marketing and promotion, the DoP should immediately implement a mandatory mechanism for company disclosures of payments towards doctors and professional bodies, including via third parties
●The Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA)
•J&K Public Safety Act (PSA) received the assent of the J&K Governor on April 8, 1978.
•The Act was introduced as a tough law to prevent the smuggling of timber and keep the smugglers “out of circulation”
•The law allows the government to detain any person above the age of 16 without trial for a period of two years.
•Usually when a person is arrested, they have the right to legal representation and can challenge the arrest. But, when a person is arrested under the PSA, they do not have these rights before the Advisory Board unless sufficient grounds can be established that the detention is illegal
◽The Jammu and Kashmir administration has slapped the stringent Public Safety Act (PSA) against former Jammu and Kashmir Chief Ministers Mehbooba Mufti and Omar Abdullah
●Bhutan’s new tourism fee:
•Bhutan will now impose a “sustainable development fee” (SDF) on Indian, Bangladeshi and Maldivian tourists.
[The new levy, however, will not be applicable across Bhutan]
•The decision has been taken to protect the ecology of the country, amid a spike in visitors from India
●Longest Spaceflight by a Woman (328 days): Christina Koch
•(NASA) astronaut Christina Koch landed on the Earth on 6th february, 2020 after a record stay of 328 days on the International Space Station
•The previous longest single spaceflight by any woman was 289 days by Peggy Whitson, also an American (in 2017)
•It is a joint declaration adopted as an outcome of the first India-Africa Defence Ministers’ Conclave which was held along the side-lines of the DefExpo 2020.
•The Conclave was conducted with the aim of exporting India-made equipment to the African continent in keeping with long-standing defence partnerships since the 1950s