•It is one of four additional projects agreed in 2008, as a part of India’s commitment to help Bhutan to create a total 10,000 MW of installed capacity by 2020.
•This 600 MW run-of-the-river project is located on the lower course of the Kholongchhu river in eastern Bhutan’s Trashiyangtse district.
•The project is expected to be completed in the second half of 2025.
•The project will be constructed as a 50:50 joint venture.
•Being a member of BIMSTEC, Bhutan holds geostrategic importance for India. [The shared sense of support and help in terms of such development projects between the two countries can help India in executing its Act East-Look East Policy.]
•The project which started in 2014 was on halt since December 2016 over India’s new power tariff guidelines on Cross Border
Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Results for States (STARS) Programme: World Bank
•It will improve the quality and governance of school education in six Indian states of Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan through the Samagra Shiksha
•Around 250 million students (between the age of 6 and 17) in 1.5 million schools and over 10 million teachers will benefit from this USD 500 million programme.
•It will strengthen public school education and support the country’s goal of providing ‘Education for All’, for which the Bank had provided total assistance of more than USD 3 billion prior to this plan as well.
•STARS will assist India in participation in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)
What is Covaxin?
•It is India’s first COVID vaccine candidate approved by the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI).
•Covaxin is an inactivated vaccine created from a strain of the infectious SARS COV-2 virus.
•It is the first vaccine that has got approval of the drug controller for phase 1 and II human clinical trials.
•The vaccine has been developed by Hyderabad Major Bharat Biotech in collaboration with ICMR and the National Institute of Virology (NIV).
•According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), out of 200 Covid-19 vaccine candidates, 15 have entered clinical trials.
•AstraZeneca is the world’s leading Covid-19 vaccine candidate and has reached the final stage in terms of development. [It is being developed by researchers at the University of Oxford (UK).]
•US Firm Moderna’s vaccine (MRNA-1273) will go into phase III clinical trials in July.
Sanskritik Sadbhav Mandap (multi-purpose community centre)
•This community centre will be utilized for various socio-economic-cultural activities, skill development training, coaching, different sports activities and relief activities during disasters such as Covid-19.
•It is being constructed under the Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK).
•Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK) is a restructured and renamed form of the erstwhile Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP).
【Recently, the Minister of Minority Affairs has laid the foundation stone for ‘Sanskritik Sadbhav Mandap’ (multi-purpose community centre) at Rampur in Uttar Pradesh】
Uganda’s REDD+ Results
•Recently, Uganda has become the first African country to submit results for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
•There is a 44% reduction in the country’s rate of deforestation annually between 2015 and 2017.
•It will help Uganda to receive funds through the Green Climate Fund’s forest conservation scheme
•Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) is a mechanism developed by Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2005.
[The “Plus” in REDD+, lays out the various ways in which countries have defined the three activities: conservation, the sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stock]
•It aims to achieve climate change mitigation by incentivizing forest conservation.