Hindi as Official Court Language in Haryana
•Recently, the Haryana government’s decision to enforce use of Hindi in all courts and tribunals across the state has been challenged in the Supreme Court
The Haryana Official Language (Amendment) Act, 2020:
•The amendment has been made to the Haryana Official Languages Act, 1969, by introducing a new section 3A, designating Hindi as the sole official language to be used for conducting work in all Civil Courts and Criminal Courts in Haryana •subordinate to the High Court of Punjab and Haryana, all revenue Courts and rent tribunals or any other court or tribunal constituted by the State Government.
•English is widely used by advocates in the subordinate judiciary and the lower courts.
•Imposing Hindi will create problems for practising lawyers since the level of fluency and expertise needed to argue and represent a matter in Hindi is much more than a simple understanding of the language
【Hindi language is the single largest spoken language (43.63% of people in India).】
Lok Sabha Speaker nominates 15 MPs as associate members of Delimitation Commission.
•The Lok Sabha Speaker has nominated 15 MPs from Jammu and Kashmir, Assam, Manipur, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh as “associate members” of the Delimitation Commission to assist the panel in redrawing parliamentary and assembly constituencies of the northeastern states and the union territory
•The government had on March 6 constituted the Delimitation Commission, to be headed by former Supreme Court judge Ranjana Prakash Desai, to redraw Lok Sabha and Assembly constituencies of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the northeastern states of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland.
•The commission will delimit the constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir in accordance with the provisions of the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, and of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland in accordance with the provisions of the Delimitation Act, 2002.
Who are associate members?
•Members of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of states, for which the Delimitation Commission is set up, are drawn in as associate members to help the panel in its task.
•Delimitation literally means the process of fixing limits or boundaries of territorial constituencies in a state that has a legislative body.
•The commissions’ orders are enforced as per the date specified by the President of India. Copies of these orders are laid before the Lok Sabha or the concerned Legislative Assembly. No modifications are permitted.
One Sun One World One Grid(OSOWOG) Plan
•The plan focuses on a framework for facilitating global cooperation, building a global ecosystem of interconnected renewable energy resources (mainly solar energy) that can be seamlessly shared
•The vision behind the OSOWOG is ‘The Sun Never Sets’ and is a constant at some geographical location, globally, at any given point of time.
•This is by far one of the most ambitious schemes undertaken by any country and is of global significance in terms of sharing economic benefits.
•It has been taken up under the technical assistance program of the World Bank.
•With India in the middle, the solar spectrum can easily be divided into two broad zones, which are:
1. Far East including countries like Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Lao, Cambodia etc.
2 Far West covering the Middle East and the Africa Region.
•It will help all the participating entities in attracting investments in renewable energy sources as well as utilizing skills, technology and finances.
[Resulting economic benefits would positively impact poverty alleviation and support in mitigating water, sanitation, food and other socio-economic challenges.]
Stop environmental hazardous activities like dredging in the Kakinada coast
•Recently, the Andhra Pradesh Government has directed the GMR Energy Limited to stop these activities that are leading to destruction of the prime habitat of birds
•Dredging is the removal of sediments and debris from the bottom of lakes, rivers, harbors, and other water bodies.
•It is also carried out to reduce the exposure of fish, wildlife, and people to contaminants and to prevent the spread of contaminants to other areas of the water body.
•Due to such activities, India has lost its major part of wetlands and mudflats severely affecting the migratory species, E.g. the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.
TRAI Recommends new National Numbering Plan (NNP)
•Telecom regulator Trai on Sunday said it has not recommended 11 digit mobile numbers but only suggested prefixing ‘0’ when mobile numbers are called from landlines.
•As per Trai recommendation, the country will continue to follow a 10-digit numbering for mobile services, and the regulator has “categorically rejected” shifting to an 11-digit mobile numbering plan
•Currently, the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) administers the numbers for fixed and the mobile networks on the basis of the National Numbering Plan (NNP), 2003.
•NNP (2003) provides a set of rules and guidelines for the use and assignment of numbers to telephone services delivered over the public networks.
•The total number of telephone subscribers in India stands at 1,177.02 million with a tele-density of 87.45% at the end of January 2020
•Switching to a 11-digit mobile number instead of existing 10-digit mobile number.
[Now clarified to stick to 10 digit]
•Reallocation of mobile numbering resources surrendered by operators who have closed the telecommunication business.
•Prefixing zero for all mobile calls made from a fixed line to create sufficient numbering space.
National Career Service Project
•It is a Five Year Mission Mode Project launched by the Prime Minister on 20th July, 2015.
•It is within the umbrella of the e-governance plan.
•It is a one-stop solution that provides a wide array of employment and career related services to the citizens of India.
•Implemented By: Directorate General of Employment, Ministry of Labour & Employment.
【Ministry of Labour and Employment has started offering free online career skills training through its National Career Service (NCS) project for job-seekers registered with it】
Missile Park ‘Agneeprastha’
•It aims to capture glimpses of missile history of INS Kalinga from its establishment in 1981 till date.
•It will be dedicated to all the officers, sailors and support staff of INS Kalinga.
•It will also commemorate the award of the prestigious Unit Citation to INS Kalinga for the year 2018-19.
•It has been set up with a replica of missiles and Ground Support Equipment (GSE) that showcase the evolution of missiles handled by the unit.
•This is in tune with the initiative of the Union government to promote solar power and the objective to achieve 100 GW of solar power by 2022 as part of the National Solar Mission
Rozgar Setu Scheme: by Madhya Pradesh
•It will help to secure employment for skilled workers who have returned back to their homes and were employed at industries elsewhere
•The State government will act as a setu (bridge) between workers and employers so that both are benefited.
•The Chief Minister also hailed the Centre’s ‘SWAMITVA Yojana’ under which rural areas would be surveyed to help prepare land records.
•SVAMITVA (Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas)scheme is a collaborative effort of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, State Panchayati Raj Departments, State Revenue Departments and Survey of India.
•She received the award during an online ceremony being organised at the United Nations (UN) Headquarters, New York (USA) on the occasion of the International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers
•She served as a peacekeeper with the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) in 2019
•International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers is observed on 29th May every year to pay tribute to all the men and women who have served and continue to serve in United Nations peacekeeping operations.
2020 Theme – Women in Peacekeeping: A key to Peace