•The flagship social security scheme of the Government of India – ‘Atal Pension Yojana’ (APY) – has completed five years of implementation and garnered over 2.2 crore subscribers
•The scheme was launched on 9th May, 2015, with the objective of creating a universal social security system for all Indians, especially the poor, the under-privileged and the workers in the unorganised sector.
•Administered By: Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority through National Pension System (NPS).
•Eligibility: Any citizen of India can join the APY scheme. The age of the subscriber should be between 18-40 years.
• The contribution levels would vary and would be low if a subscriber joins early and increases if she joins late.
•It provides a minimum guaranteed pension ranging from Rs 1000 to Rs 5000 on attaining 60 years of age.
Ultraviolet germicidal radiation (UVGI)
•As nations begin relaxing restrictions, scientists are studying the use of ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) to detect the virus in public places and disinfect contaminated public spaces to stop the transmission of the virus
•UV light from the sun has shorter wavelengths than visible light so it is not visible to the naked eye.
•UV radiation’s full spectrum is sourced from the sun and can be classified into UV-A, UV-B and UV-C rays according to their wavelength.
[They differ in their biological activity and the extent to which they can penetrate the skin.]
•Accounts for approximately 95% of the UV radiation reaching the Earth’s surface.
[Penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin and is responsible for the immediate tanning.]
•Biologically active but cannot penetrate beyond the superficial skin layers.
Responsible for delayed tanning and burning.
•Most harmful but are completely absorbed by the Earth’s atmosphere and does not reach the Earth’s surface
“Bharosa” Helpline by Odisha
•To relieve the distress of the student community during the Covid-19 pandemic, the Government has launched Central University of Odisha Helpline “Bharosa”
•It aims to provide Cognitive Emotional Rehabilitation Services to all University Students of Odisha.
•Social distancing and self-isolation because of Covid-19, has led to decline in social interactions which further impact mental and physical health. It is being called the ‘social recession’ i.e. a collapse in our social contacts.
[This app would provide mental and psychological assistance to the students]
International Nurses Day : May 12
•May 12 was chosen for celebrating the day as it is the birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, the foundational philosopher of modern nursing
•The World Health Organization (WHO) has designated 2020 as The Year of the Nurse and the Midwife
•Nurses are at the forefront of fighting epidemics and pandemics providing high quality and respectful treatment and care.
[Nurses account for more than half of all the world’s health workers. It will encourage the entire nurse community and the public to celebrate the day as well as would provide necessary information and resources to raise the profile of the nursing profession.]
Theme 2020: Nursing the World to Health
•A recent study by ecologists in the Wildlife Institute of India (Dehradun), finds that over 90% of the potential distribution of the Sal forest tortoise falls outside the current protected area’s network
•The Study found that in northeast India, the representation of the sal forest tortoise in protected areas (such as reserves, sanctuaries, etc.) is least
•The study also found that 29% of the predicted distribution of the species falls within high occurrence fire zones.
[The species experience jhum fire in northeast India, which is a suitable habitat for the species]
•According to the IUCN, the population of the species may have fallen by about 80% in the last three generations (90 years).
•IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered.
SwasthVayu: a BiPAP ventilator
•BiPAP stands for Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure. It is a type of positive pressure ventilator.
•Recently, the National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Bangalore has developed BiPAP ventilator named SwasthVayu, a non-invasive (involves use of masks or similar device) breathing support device, for the use of non-critical non-ICU cases of Covid-19.
•SwasthVayu is connected with an oxygen concentrator, and will be ideal to treat moderate or mid-stage severe Covid-19 patients who do not require intubation and invasive ventilation
•The major advantage of this machine is that it is simple to use without any specialized nursing, cost effective, compact and configured with majority of indigenous components.