Asian Development Bank (ADB)’s $ 2.2 billion support to India
•Asian Development Bank (ADB) has assured the Ministry of Finance of USD 2.2 billion (about Rs 16,500 crore) support to India in its fight against the Covid-19 pandemic
•The World Bank has also approved a $1-billion assistance to help India prevent, detect and respond to the outbreak, and strengthen its public health preparedness
•ADB praised the Indian government’s decisive response to the pandemic
•ADB is also engaged with the private sector to meet its financing needs during this period
SAARC member collectively fighting the Covid-19 Pandemic
•India has taken the lead role in taking preventive measures against the novel coronavirus crisis in the region.
•In March, India proposed an Covid-19 Emergency Fund in the video conference of SAARC members on forming a joint strategy to fight Covid-19.
•The Fund would be based on a voluntary contribution from all SAARC members.
1. India = contributed $10 million to the fund
2. Sri Lanka = $5 million
3. Pakistan = $3 million
4. Bangladesh = $1.5 million
5. Nepal= $1 million
6. Afghanistan = $1 million
7. Maldives = $200,000
8. Bhutan = $100,000
•India has also extended assistance in materials and services to SAARC members ( except Pakistan)
like : Operation Sanjeevani(in Maldives)
•Pakistan boycotted a video conference of trade officials of the SAARC members.
[It has said that these initiatives would only be effective if these are headed by the group’s secretariat and not by India.]
Bhim- ABP +Sri Lanka+ Nepal】
m = Maldives
Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994
•It was enacted in 1994 and amended in 2003.
•It is an important tool for addressing sex selective eliminations.
•It aims to ban the use of sex selection techniques before or after conception.
[And prevent the misuse of prenatal diagnostic technique (PDNT) for sex selective abortion.]
•All India Democratic Women’s Association (AIDWA) has asked the government to withdraw an order that could weaken the implementation of the law banning pre-natal sex determination.
•AIDWA referred to the gazette notification issued by the Health Ministry on 4th April 2020, which suspended Rule 8, Rule 9(8) and Rule 18A(6) of PCPNDT Act, 1994.
[The suspended clauses deal with Process for renewal of registration of genetic and ultrasound clinics. and report to the concerned appropriate authority etc.]
•It has highlighted that the suspension of these rules throughout the country would mean that clinics and genetic labs can carry on functioning without any scrutiny
Jallianwala Bagh incident
•April 13, 1919, marked a turning point in the Indian freedom struggle.
•It was Baisakhi that day, a harvest festival popular in Punjab
•The protest was a peaceful one, and the gathering included pilgrims visiting the Golden Temple who were merely passing through the park, and some who had not come to protest (against implementation of the Rowlatt Act)
•Brigadier-General Reginald Edward Harry Dyer, who had crept up to the scene wanting to teach the public assembled a lesson, ordered 90 soldiers he had brought with him to the venue to open fire on the crowd
•In 1922, the infamous Rowlett Act was repealed by the British.
•Swachhata-MoHUA is the official platform for Swachh Bharat Mission built in partnership with the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs
•The app enables a citizen to post a civic-related issue (like garbage dump, public toilets not cleaned, etc.) which is then forwarded to the city corporation concerned and thereafter assigned to the sanitary inspector of the particular ward.
•It serves as an effective digital tool (e-governance) enabling citizens to play an active role in the Swachhata of their cities and increase accountability on the part of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs).
•Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has launched a revised version of the existing Swachhata-MoHUA App to handle queries specific to Covid-19
•The revised version includes Covid-19 related support requests including fogging/sanitation, food, shelter and reporting violation of quarantine/lockdown, suspected cases of Infection.