South Asia Economic Focus report: by World Bank
•The report saw India’s growth at 1.5-2.8% in 2020-21 which is the slowest since 1991 economic reforms
[It is lower than 4.1-5.4% estimated in October, 2019]
•Growth recovery estimated at the end of 2019 have been overtaken by the negative impacts of the global crisis(COVID-19)
•Growth is expected to rebound to 5% in Fiscal 2022 (2021-22) as the impact of Covid-19 dissipates, and due to fiscal and monetary policy support
【 South Asia Economic Focus is a biannual economic update by World Bank presenting recent economic developments and a near-term economic outlook for South Asia.】
Science and Technology of Yoga and Meditation (SATYAM) programme
•It aims to foster scientific research on the effects of yoga and meditation on physical & mental health and on cognitive functioning in healthy people as well as in patients with disorders
•Under SATYAM, Department of Science and Technology (DST) has invited proposals to study appropriate intervention of yoga and meditation in fighting Covid-19 and similar kinds of viruses.
•Now, It aims to provide assistance to society in today’s critical condition arising due to pandemic Covid-19.
[This is a need-based call, therefore, proposed work should be completed within 6-12 months]
•The effects of yoga and meditation on the life of a person during such stressful times have to be scientifically investigated.
•Scientists/academicians with research background in ‘Yoga and Meditation’ and having regular positions are invited to participate in this initiative.
Unnayan App: Mera Mobile, Mera Vidyalaya
• Bihar Education Project Council (BEPC) has launched a mobile application and plans to book a slot with the All India Radio (AIR) for the audio broadcast of study materials for government school students.
[For Class VI to XII of over 70,000 government-run schools]
•The initiative aims to help the government school students, so that their studies do not suffer due to the Covid-19 lockdown
•The app has been jointly developed by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the Bihar government and Eckovation, a social learning platform
• Chalenge: Most of the people in Bihar are poor and live below the poverty line and are currently struggling to meet their daily sustenance.
[Expecting them to find ways to make their children digitally connect with schools or participate in online classes is irrational]
•YUKTI (Young India Combating Covid with Knowledge, Technology and Innovation) is a unique portal and dashboard to monitor and record the efforts and initiatives of MHRD
•It will also cover the various initiatives and efforts of the institutions in academics, research especially related to Covid-19, social initiatives by institutions and the measures taken for the betterment of the total wellbeing of the students.
•It will allow various institutions to share their strategies for various challenges which are there because of the unprecedented situation of Covid-19 and other future initiatives.
•It aims to fulfil the goals of the Ministry in the wake of Covid-19 to keep the academic community healthy, both physically & mentally and to enable a continuous high-quality learning environment for learners
Yanomami Tribe of Brazil
•Yanomami, also called South American Indians, live in the remote forest of the Orinoco River basin in southern Venezuela and the northernmost reaches of the Amazon River basin in northern Brazil.
•They numbered around 27,000 individuals throughout their range.
•Recently, a Yanomami indigenous boy died in Brazil after contracting Covid-19, raising fears for the Amazon tribes
•It can be noted that recently, a Brazilian indigenous leader Davi Kopenawa who secured the land rights of the Yanomami people was awarded the Right Livelihood Award-2019, also known as Sweden’s alternative Nobel Prize