Pi (π) Day : March 14
▪️Pi Day is celebrated on March 14 dedicated to Pi (Greek letter π).
▪️The idea originated in the United States, where the convention is to write dates in a format that expresses March 14 as 3/14. [These three digits match the value of pi up to two decimal places, at 3.14.]
What is Pi : By definition, pi is the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter. Pi is also the area of a circle divided by the square of its radius. The ratio is always constant
▪️Since the exact value of pi can never be calculated, we can never find the accurate area or circumference of a circle
▪️The record for reciting the most number of decimal places of Pi was achieved by Rajveer Meena at VIT University, Vellore, India on 21 March 2015. He was able to recite 70,000 decimal places.
▪️People in Egypt believed that the pyramids of Giza were built on the principles of pi
▪️The usefulness of pi has been a matter of debate, although it is loved by a lot of math enthusiasts 🙂
National Crèche Scheme
▪️It is a centrally sponsored scheme being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
[The scheme was earlier named as Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme.]
▪️It aims to provide day care facilities to children (age group of 6 months to 6 years) of working mothers.
▪️Crèches shall be open for 26 days in a month and for seven and half (7-1/2) hours per day.
▪️The number of children in the crèche should not be more than 25 per crèche etc.
Fund sharing pattern
Centre:States/UTs: NGOs = 60:30:10
[80:10:10 for North Eastern States and Himalayan States and 90:0:10 for UTs]
Public Financial Management System (PFMS)
▪️It is a web-based online software application developed and implemented by the Office of Controller General of Accounts (CGA), Ministry of Finance.
▪️With an objective of tracking funds released under all Plan schemes of the Government of India, and real time reporting of expenditure at all levels of Programme implementation
▪️At present, the ambit of PFMS coverage includes Central Sector and Centrally Sponsored Schemes as well as other expenditures including the Finance Commission Grants.
Bhoomi Rashi Portal
▪️It is an e-Governance initiative of the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways.
▪️The portal intends to expedite the process of land acquisition for National Highways.
▪️It has fully digitized and automated the entire process of land acquisition.
▪️It has helped to make land acquisition error-free & more transparent with notifications at every stage being processed on a real-time basis.
National Biopharma Mission (NBM)
▪️It is an industry-academia collaborative mission for accelerating biopharmaceutical development in the country.
▪️It was launched in 2017 at a total cost of Rs 1500 crore and is 50% co-funded by World Bank loan.
[It is being implemented by the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC)]
▪️Under this Mission, the Government has launched Innovate in India (i3) programme to create an enabling ecosystem to promote entrepreneurship and indigenous manufacturing in the biopharma sector
MSME Sambandh and Udyam Sakhi Portal
▪️Sambandh Portal: The portal aims to to help in monitoring the implementation of public procurement policy for micro and small enterprises.
▪️Udyam Sakhi Portal: It aims to encourage women entrepreneurs by creating business models revolving around low-cost products and services to resolve social inequities
Oculudentavis khaungraae: skull of a flying dinosaur
▪️Recently, Scientists have identified a fossilised skull of a flying dinosaur named Oculudentavis khaungrae which may be the smallest Dinosaur yet discovered
[It was discovered in a 99-million-year-old amber in northern Myanmar.]
▪️The Skull is only 7.1 mm in length which indicates the dinosaur was similar in size than the bee hummingbird, the smallest living bird.
▪️The fossil is said to be from the Mesozoic era which is about 250 million to 65 million years ago.