•It is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, bordered by Jordan to the east and by the Green Line separating it and Israel on the south, west and north.
[The West Bank also contains a significant section of the western Dead Sea shore.]
Dispute and background
•The West Bank was captured by Jordan after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
Israel snatched it back during the Six Day War of 1967, and has occupied it ever since.
•During this war, the country defeated the combined forces of Egypt, Syria, and Jordan.
[In this 1967 Six-Day War, Israel captured the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip from Egypt, the West Bank and eastern Jerusalem from Jordan, and the Golan Heights from Syria.]
•Over 4 lakh Israeli settlers — many of them religious Zionists who claim a Biblical birthright over this land — now live here, along with some 26 lakh Palestinians.
•The territory is still a point of contention due to a large number of Palestinians who live there and hope to see the land become a part of their future state.
•The United Nations General Assembly, the UN Security Council, and the International Court of Justice have said that the West Bank settlements are violative of the Fourth Geneva Convention
Global Energy Transition index by WEF
•This Energy Transition Index (ETI) is a fact-based ranking intended to enable policy-makers and businesses to plot the course for a successful energy transition.
•India has moved up two places to rank 74th.
•India has shown improvements on all key parameters of economic growth, energy security and environmental sustainability.
•India’s improvements have come across all three dimensions of the energy triangle — economic development and growth, energy access and security, and environmental sustainability
•Sweden has topped the Energy Transition Index (ETI) for the third consecutive year and is followed by Switzerland and Finland in the top three.
•The US ranks outside the top 25 per cent for the first time, primarily due to the uncertain regulatory outlook for energy transition.
Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020 by FAO
•It has been released by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
•The FRA 2020 has examined the status of, and trends in, more than 60 forest-related variables in 236 countries and territories in the period 1990–2020.
• Forest area has declined all across the world in the past three decades. The world lost 178 mha of forest since 1990, an area the size of Libya.
• The rate of forest loss has also declined due to the growth of sustainable management
•Africa had the largest annual rate of net forest loss in 2010–2020, at 3.9 mha, followed by South America, at 2.6 mha.
•On the other hand, Asia had the highest net gain of forest area in 2010–2020, followed by Oceania and Europe.
•More than 54% of the world’s forests were in only five countries — the Russian Federation, Brazil, Canada, the United States of America and China.
‘Three Years Short Service’ Scheme
•Indian Army is considering to allow common citizens to join the 1.3- million-strong force for a three-year tenure to serve the nation under the ‘Tour of Duty (ToD) or ‘Three Years Short Service’ scheme.
[Initially, 100 officers and 1,000 men are being considered for recruitment as part of test bedding of the project]
•It will be a voluntary engagement.
•The Army’s plan is to attract the best talent into the force and bring the civil society closer to the force by giving them an opportunity to experience military life.
•It will help to “channelise the youth energy into positive utilisation of their potential”.
【The Army had 42,253 officers and 11.94 lakh jawans according to the report.】