Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (17 March 1920 – 15 August 1975)
•He was a Bangladeshi politician and statesman.
•He served as the first President of Bangladesh and later as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 17 April 1971 until his assassination on 15 August 1975.
•He led the Awami League to win the first democratic election of Pakistan in 1970. [Despite gaining a majority, the League was not invited by the ruling military junta to form a government]
•He is considered to be the driving force behind the independence of Bangladesh
•100th Birth Anniversary celebrations of ‘Jatir Pita’ Bangabandhu, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, is being celebrated on 17th March 2020 in Bangladesh.
Do you know?
•He is called the “father of Nation in Bangladesh”
•His daughter Sheikh Hasina is the current leader of the Awami League and also the Prime Minister of Bangladesh.
•Superhydrophobic coating is a nanoscopic surface layer that repels water
•The term hydrophobicity is derived from two greek words that are hydro (water) and phobos (fear).
•A team from the Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines), Dhanbad, and Ohio State University has created a superhydrophobic coating to save steel from rusting.
•The coating was made from polyurethane and silicon dioxide nanoparticles
•When water droplets were made to fall on an uncoated surface they stuck to it and made a messy surface.
[However, in the case of a coated sample, water droplets roll away while collecting dust from the surface]
Unnat Bharat Abhiyan of MoHRD
•It is a flagship program of the Ministry for Human Resource Development (MHRD).
•It aims to link the Higher Education Institutions with a set of at least 5 villages, so that these institutions can contribute to the economic and social betterment of these village communities using their knowledge base
•The scheme is extended to all educational institutes; [however under Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0 participating institutes are selected based on the fulfillment of certain criteria]
Sundarban National Park of west bengal
•It is located in the south-east of Calcutta in the District of West Bengal and forms part of the Gangetic Delta.
•The Sundarbans mangrove forest, one of the largest such forests in the world, lies across India and Bangladesh on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers on the Bay of Bengal.
•It is adjacent to the border of India’s Sundarbans World Heritage site inscribed in 1987.
•The area is known for its wide range of fauna, including 260 bird species, the Bengal tiger and other threatened species such as the estuarine crocodile and the Indian python, Water monitor lizard, Gangetic dolphin, and olive ridley turtles
Appropriation Bill 2020-21
•Lok Sabha has passed the Appropriation Bill 2020-21 that empowers the government to draw over ₹110 lakh crore (Around $1.5 Trillion) from the Consolidated Fund of India for its working, as well as for the implementation of its programmes and schemes
•Appropriation Bill is a money bill that allows the government to withdraw funds from the Consolidated Fund of India to meet its expenses during the course of a financial year.
•As per article 114 of the Constitution, the government can withdraw money from the Consolidated Fund only after receiving approval from Parliament
•The procedure in respect of an Appropriation Bill is almost same as in respect of other Money Bills
A report on Uranium Contamination in ground water in Parliament
•Uranium is weakly radioactive and remains so because of its long physical half-life (4.468 billion years for uranium-238).【I read Uranium life span is infinity (in school days) BTW 4.4 billion years is very huge】
•It is a naturally occurring element found in low levels within all rock, soil, and water.
•As per Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS), maximum permissible limit of Uranium is 0.03 mg/l (as per WHO provisional guidelines) in all drinking water standards after following due process
•The Indian Standard IS 10500: 2012 for Drinking Water specification has specified the maximum acceptable limits for radioactive residues as alpha and beta emitters, values in excess of which render the water not suitable
Pakke tiger reserve of Arunachal Pradesh
•It is a Project Tiger reserve in the Pakke Kessang district of Arunachal Pradesh
•It is home to some of the rare species of flora and fauna
•It is also known as Pakhui Tiger Reserve.
•This Tiger Reserve has won India Biodiversity Award 2016 in the category of ‘Conservation of threatened species’ for its Hornbill Nest Adoption Programme.
•Arunachal Pradesh government has decided to “keep in abeyance” the survey work for a road through the Pakke Tiger Reserve (PTR).
Boko Haram: A militant group in Nigeria
•It is the militant group in northern Nigeria that has killed tens of thousands of people and displaced more than 3 million people.
•Boko Haram means “Western education is forbidden.” [The group was founded in 2002]
•The group also refers to itself as Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati Wal-Jihad, meaning “People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet’s Teachings and Jihad.”