Permanent Commission for Women in Indian Navy
•Recently, the Supreme Court upheld the right of serving Short Service Commission (SSC) women officers of the Navy to be granted Permanent Commission (PC) on a par with their male counterparts.
•The judgment was based on a case filed by 17 women SSC officers who were denied PC and discharged despite completing 14 years of service as SSC officers
•Permanent Commissioned officer can serve till he retires.
•Short Service Commission(SSC) means that they are recruited for a period of 10 years. However, the tenure can be extended to 14 years. (They also have a option to take permanent commission.)
Rashtriya Kishor Swasthya Karyakram
•It was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) in 2014.
•It intends to ensure holistic development of the adolescent population.
•The programme also focuses on reaching out all adolescents including Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ)
•The programme envisages a paradigm shift from the clinic-based services to the promotion and prevention and reaching adolescents in their own environment, such as in schools, families and communities
•The RKSK programme defines an adolescent as a person within 10-19 years of age, in urban and rural areas, includes both girls and boys, married and unmarried, poor and affluent, whether they are in school or out of school.
Regulating activities of Payment Aggregators (PAs) and Payment Gateways (PGs) in the country
•Payment Aggregators facilitate e-commerce sites and merchants in accepting payment instruments from the customers for completion of their payment obligations without the need for merchants to create a separate payment integration system of their own.
•Payment Gateways are entities that provide technology infrastructure to route and facilitate processing of an online payment transaction without any involvement in handling of funds
•RBI has released guidelines for regulating activities of Payment Aggregators and Payment Gateways in the country
•Non-bank PAs will require authorisation from the RBI under the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007 (PSSA).
•E-commerce marketplaces (e.g. flipkart, Paytm) providing PA services should separate PA services from the marketplace business etc.
Guidelines on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF)
•These are in line with the adoption of the Global Strategy on Infant and Young Child Feeding by the 55th World Health Assembly in May 2002 and adoption of the Infant Milk Substitutes, Feeding Bottles and Infant Foods (Regulation of Production, Supply and Distribution) Amendment Act, 2003 by the Parliament of India.
•According to the guidelines, infants should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life to achieve optimal growth, development and health.
•The National Nutrition Policy adopted by the Government of India under the aegis of the Department of Women and Child Development in 1993 laid due emphasis on nutrition and health education of mothers on infant and child feeding.
What are Nanocomposite coatings?
•Nanocomposite coatings are formed by mixing two or more dissimilar materials at nanoscale to improve the physical, chemical and physicochemical properties of the new materials.
•The nanocomposite coating demonstrated excellent tribological behavior (science and engineering of interacting surfaces in relative motion, which includes principles of friction, lubrication, and wear) compared to other wear-resistant coatings.
•A group of scientists at the International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy & New Materials (ARCI), an autonomous R&D center of the Department of Science & Technology (DST) have developed a process for size-selective deposition of nanocomposite coatings
Medical Termination of Pregnancy (Amendment) Bill, 2020
•Amendments seek to increase the upper limit for termination of a pregnancy from 20 weeks to 24 weeks. [The move to amend the MTP Act, 1971 is a progressive step towards empowerment of women]
•It also seeks to extend the contraceptive-failure clause for termination to include “any woman or her partner” from the present provision for “only married woman or her husband”
[To ease abortion laws in the country,]
• Countries like France, the UK, Austria, Ethiopia, Italy, Spain, Iceland, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Switzerland and even Nepal, allow for termination beyond 20 weeks on the diagnosis of foetal abnormalities.
ISRO’s Oceansat-2 satellite
•It was launched in 2009.
•OceanSat-2 provides service continuity for the operational services of Oceansat-1 with enhanced application potential
•It’s main objectives are to study surface winds and ocean surface strata, observation of chlorophyll concentrations, monitoring of phytoplankton blooms, study of atmospheric aerosols and suspended sediments in the water
• Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) has reported that Oceansat Satellite data are used to prepare the Potential Fishing Zone (PFZ) advisories on the potential rich fishing areas and provide to the sea faring fishermen in all states