• Recently, Chinese media has accused India of building defence facilities in the Galwan Valley region of the contested Aksai Chin area
What is dispute in Aksai Chin area?
• Actually, China controls Aksai Chin area, while India claims that it is part of Indian territory (Union territory of Ladakh)
•During the time of British rule in India, two borders between India and China were proposed- Johnson’s Line and McDonald Line.
The Johnson’s line (proposed in 1865) shows Aksai Chin in erstwhile Jammu and Kashmir (now Ladakh) i.e. under India’s control whereas
McDonald Line (proposed in 1893) places it under China’s control.
•India considers Johnson Line as a correct, rightful national border with China, while on the other hand, China considers the McDonald Line as the correct border with India
【India and China have an unresolved 3488 km long border dispute that has cast a shadow on ties for decades】
New Super-Earth Planet
•Recently, scientists have discovered a rare new Super-Earth planet. It is among only a handful of extra-solar planets that have been detected with both sizes and orbits close to that of Earth
[An exoplanet or extrasolar planet is a planet outside the Solar System]
•Super-Earth Planet is expected to have a mass between the Earth’s mass and that of Neptune.
•With reference to the Solar system, the Super-Earth planet would orbit at a radius anywhere between that of Venus and Earth in our solar system.
•The Super-Earth planet has been discovered using the gravitational microlensing technique.
•Gravitational microlensing is an astronomical phenomenon due to the gravitational lens effect. [It can be used to detect objects that range from the mass of a planet to the mass of a star, regardless of the light they emit]
Pinanga andamanensis: A Rare Palm from Andamans
•It is a rare palm endemic to South Andaman Island. Its entire population of some 600 specimens naturally occurs only in a tiny, evergreen forest pocket in South Andaman’s Mount Harriet National Park
•Recently, a rare palm, Pinanga andamanensis, has been successfully cultivated at Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI) based at Palode, Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala)
[Thiruvananthapuram has been referred as its second home as the species has started flowering in this Institute]
Baltic countries started Travel Bubble
•Recently, the Baltic countries of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania started a travel bubble to help put their economies back on track after Covid-19 lockdowns.
•All three have been fairly successful at managing the Covid-19 outbreak and remaining comparatively safe.
•In the Estonia-Latvia-Lithuania travel bubble, residents would be able to travel freely by rail, air and sea without quarantine measures
Criteria for Entering the Travel Bubble:
People from the outside countries, willing to join the bubble corridor, will have to go into isolation for 14 days.
One should not have travelled outside the member countries of the travel bubble, in the past 14 days.
One should not be infected with coronavirus and should not have come in contact with anyone who has been coronavirus infected4