Automotive Solutions Portal for Industry, Research and Education(ASPIRE) Portal
•The International Centre of Automotive Technology (ICAT) is developing a technology platform for the automotive industry called ASPIRE
•The Portal is expected to help in developing a strong and self-reliant automotive industry in India which is in tune with the vision of Make in India and Atmanirbhar vision of the Government of India.
•The portal will also host grand challenges in line with the need of the industry as will be identified from time to time, for development of key automotive technologies.
U.S.-India Strategic Energy Partnership (SEP)
•The SEP was established in April 2018 whose objective is to encourage meaningful engagements through robust government-to-government cooperation and industry engagement
•The SEP organizes inter-agency engagement on both sides across four primary pillars of cooperation:
1. Power and Energy Efficiency,
2. Oil and Gas,
3. Renewable Energy,
4. Sustainable Growth.
•New areas of research on transformational power generation based on supercritical CO2 (sCO2) power cycles and advanced coal technologies for power generation including carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) were also initiated.
United Nations’ Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)
•ECOSOC has held a high-level dialogue on the subject ‘Multilateralism after Covid-19: What kind of UN do we need at the 75th Anniversary?’
•The Prime Minister of India gave a speech focusing on India’s battle against the Covid-19 pandemic and emphasised upon the need of multilateralism in achieving sustainable peace and prosperity.
•He also indicated India’s push for a permanent seat in the UN Security Council.
•The UN will celebrate its 75th anniversary on 24th October 2020.
•Multilateralism is the process of organizing relations between groups of three or more states
Bhagirathi Eco-Sensitive Zone(ESZ)
•In 2012, the MoEF&CC issued a gazette notification declaring the watershed area along the stretch of river Bhagirathi, covering 4,179.59 sq km from Gaumukh to Uttarkashi, an Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ).
•The 2012 notification was issued keeping in view the requirements of the local people without affecting their rights and privileges and also ensuring eco-friendly development for their livelihood security.
•It sought to protect the entire fragile Himalayan region by restricting hydropower projects of over 2 MW, riverbed mining and change of land use.
[However, it was amended in 2018 following Uttarakhand government’s objection that the notification was ‘anti-development.’]
•Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZ) are the ecologically important areas designated to be protected from industrial pollution and unregulated development under the Environment Protection Act of 1986.
【Recently, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has approved the Zonal Master Plan for the Bhagirathi Eco-Sensitive Zone to pave the way for faster execution of Char Dham Road Project】