Delhi Sero-Surveillance Survey
•This study has been done by the National Centre for Disease Control [NCDC] in collaboration with Govt of National Capital Territory of Delhi, following a rigorous multi-stage sampling study design
[ under Ministry of Health and Family Welfare]
•A serological survey seeks to assess the prevalence of disease in a population by detecting the presence of specific antibodies against the virus.
•Since it is not possible to test everyone in the population, serological studies are used as a tool to make an estimate of the extent of disease spread in the community.
•The survey included the IgG Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) test which estimates the proportion of the population exposed to SARS-CoV-2 infection
•22.86% of the people surveyed had developed IgG antibodies, indicating they had been exposed to the novel coronavirusthat causes Covid-19.
[total 21,387 samples were collected to look for the presence of antibodies]
•It is aimed to provide psychosocial support to students, family members and teachers for their mental health and well-being during the times of Covid-19.
•The platform includes a national toll free helpline for students of schools, universities and colleges, which will be manned by a pool of experienced counsellors, psychologists and mental health professionals.
•It also has a website, a national database of counsellors which will host an interactive online chat platform, advisories and tips through webinars and other resources.
【It would act as an element of strengthening human capital and increasing productivity for the education sector in the wake of covid-19.】
•Recently, the Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) has launched the ‘Manodarpan’ initiative under Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria
•The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (or simply the Global Fund) is an international financing organization.
•It aims to “attract, leverage and invest additional resources to end the epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria to support attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations
•Founded in 2002, the Global Fund is a partnership between governments, civil society, the private sector and people affected by the diseases.
•The organization maintains its secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland
86% Indian Military Equipment are of Russian Origin
•According to a paper published by Stimson Center, 86% of the equipment, weapons and platforms currently in military service in India are of Russian origin
•Stimson Center data shows that more than 55% of Indian defence imports since 2014 have been from Russia.
•The figure for the Army is 90%, as it assigns around 10,000 pieces of military hardware from Russia.
[The Navy’s only active aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya and it’s only nuclear attack submarine in service, Chakra II, are from Russia.]
•The country’s only nuclear-capable supersonic cruise missile, BrahMos, is produced by a joint venture with Russia
•Russia continues to occupy the First position as India’s defence supplier, with 9.3 billion USD worth of exports to India.
•The USA is at second, with defence supplies worth 2.3 billion USD to India in the same period.
‘Zero Hunger’ by 2030 : SDG-2
•According to a study titled State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World, hunger and malnutrition is increasing around the world. In this scenario, achieving the Sustainable Development Goal-2 of ‘Zero Hunger’ by 2030 will be very difficult.
•State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World is the most authoritative global study tracking progress towards ending hunger and malnutrition.
[It is produced jointly by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, the International Fund for Agriculture (IFAD), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the UN World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO).]
•The study estimates that almost 690 million people went hungry in 2019 – up by 10 million from 2018, and by nearly 60 million in five years (2014-2019).
•Asia remains home to the greatest number of hunger (381 million).
Africa is second (250 million),
followed by Latin America and the Caribbean (combined 48 million)
•The Covid-19 pandemic could also push over 130 million more people into chronic hunger by the end of 2020.
China offered a “package solution” to its boundary dispute with Bhutan
•Although the package solution is not specified, it may be seen as a revival of the 1996 proposal by China for a territory swap.
•In 1996, China wanted to exchange the valleys to the north of Bhutan (an area of 495 square kilometres), with the pasture land to the west (including Doklam), totalling 269 square kilometres
[However it was a big worry for India, as the Doklam swap would have given China access to the strategically sensitive “chicken neck” of the Siliguri corridor]
•China also repeated its claim on Bhutan’s eastern boundary at Sakteng
•The aim may be to pressure Bhutan into concluding a deal quickly on terms on offer, otherwise the claims may keep increasing.
[The similar offer was made to India on Arunachal Pradesh, which subsequently expanded to include a Chinese claim on Tawang in 1985.]