8th National Party: National People’s Party (NPP)
•The NPP got the status of national party in 2019, after it was recognised as a state party in four states — Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland and Meghalaya. [Symbol =Book📒]
•It is also the first party from Northeast India to be recognised as a national party
•It is the eighth party to get the recognition — after [INC, BJP, BSP, NCP, CPI, CPI(M) and All India Trinamool Congress (AITC)]
•The Election Commission of India lists political parties as “national party”, “state party” or “registered (unrecognised) party” under the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968
For recognition as a national party
•A party has to satisfy these conditions:
1) 6% valid votes polled in any four or more states at a general election to the Lok Sabha or to the State legislative assembly; and, in addition, it wins four seats in the Lok Sabha from any state or states.
2) 2% of all Lok Sabha seats in the last such election, with MPs elected from at least three states.
3) Recognition as a state party in at least four states
Loss of Recognised Status:
•Once recognised as a national or a state party, a political party loses its given status only if it fails to fulfil any of the conditions for two successive Assembly and two successive Lok Sabha elections.
【That means a party retains that status irrespective of its performance in the next elections.】
Secrecy of ballot for free and fair elections
•In a recent judgement, the Supreme Court has held that secrecy of ballot is the cornerstone of free and fair elections
•”The choice of a voter should be free” (which is ensured by the secret ballot system in a democracy)
•The SC held that the principle of secrecy of ballots is an important postulate of constitutional democracy and referred to Section 94 of the Representation of People Act (RPA) 1951.
[The section 94 of RPA,1951 upholds the privilege of the voters to maintain confidentiality about their choice of the vote.]
•The law must protect the right of voters to the secrecy of the ballot
•The privilege ends when the voter decides to waive it and decides voluntarily to disclose their vote.
[The court held that voters can neither be prevented from disclosing nor can be subjected to a complaint by anyone.]
【 Kahane ka matlab hai, If you want to share or disclose secrecy of your vote to anyone with your own will ,you can!】
Chaolung Sukapha: The Founder of Ahom Kingdom
•He was a 13th century ruler who founded the Ahom kingdom that ruled Assam for six centuries.
[The Ahoms ruled the land till the province was annexed to British India in 1826 with the signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo.]
•Ahoms worshipped their own tribal gods but instead of imposing their own language, religion and rituals on communities living in Assam, they accepted the Hindu religion and the Assamese language.
•Most of the Sukapha’s people were men who later married women from communities living in Assam. Intermarriage also increased assimilation processes.
[Recently, there has been a controversy in Assam regarding Chaolung Sukapha who founded the Ahom kingdom.
(Amidst the ongoing India-China border tension, he has been repeatedly referred to as a Chinese invader.)]
【Offensive remarks on social media and misinterpretation of historical facts can lead to a rift between different communities in an ethnically diverse state like Assam and hurt the sentiments of people which should be avoided at any cost】
•Giant sheets of tarpaulin (tarps) are being used to cover Presena glacier in northern Italy to slow melting caused by global warming.
•Tarps = a large waterproof cloth used as a covering
•It is a part of the conservation project (undertaken by Italian firm Carosello-Tonale) which was launched in 2008 — at that point only 30,000 sq metres of the glacier was covered.
•This six-week process is repeated every year once the ski season is over and summer begins in full force.
[A ski season is a period when skiing, snowboarding and other alpine sports are viable in an alpine resort.]
Endangered,Gee’s Golden Langur
•It is endemic to western Assam, India, and southern Bhutan.
•Their habitat is restricted to the region surrounded by four geographical landmarks: the foothills of Bhutan (North), Manas river (East), Sankosh river (West), and Brahmaputra river (South).
•Their habitat in Assam has fragmented drastically especially after a thrust on rural electrification and massive deforestation
•In 2019, Bhutan recorded a drop of 62% in the population of golden langurs over the 2009 census.
[The recorded estimation in Assam in 2009 was 5,140. This year’s census could not be completed due to the Covid-19 lockdown.]
•IUCN List of Threatened Species: Endangered
6th International Day of Yoga(IDY)
•The UN proclaimed 21st June as IDY by passing a resolution in December, 2014.
•The first Yoga Day celebrations in 2015 at Rajpath in New Delhi created two Guinness World Records.
•Yoga is an ancient physical, mental and spiritual practice that originated in India.
•The word ‘yoga’ is derived from Sanskrit and It means to join or to unite, symbolizing the union of body and consciousness.
•Today it is practiced in various forms around the world and continues to grow in popularity.
The theme for the year 2020: ‘Yoga for Health – Yoga at Home‘,
[which takes into account the social distancing measures announced by most countries amid Covid-19 pandemic.]
Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan
•PM Modi launched the mega ‘Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan’ aimed to boost livelihood opportunities in rural India amid the ongoing Covid-19 crisis
•The first priority of the scheme is to meet the immediate requirement of workers who have gone back to their districts by providing them with livelihood opportunities
•It is a focused campaign of 125 days across 116 districts in six states to work in mission mode [Post-COVID-19 lockdown, maximum migrant workers have returned to these six states.(Bihar, UP, MP, RJ, Odisha, JH]
•The scheme will be a coordinated effort by 12 different ministries including rural development and Panchayati Raj etc.
•The campaign will contribute towards provision of modern facilities, such as internet connectivity, laying of optic fibre cables, to increase internet speed in villages, so that children in villages are able to study and learn like those in cities.