Kakrapar Atomic Power Project (KAPP-3)
•It is the country’s first 700 MWe (megawatt electric) unit, and the biggest indigenously developed variant of the Pressurised Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR)
•[Until now, the biggest reactor size of indigenous design was the 540 MWe, two of which have been deployed in Tarapur, Maharashtra]
•PHWR is a nuclear power reactor, commonly using unenriched natural uranium as its fuel, that uses heavy water (deuterium oxide D2O) as its coolant and moderator
•Recently, the third unit of the Kakrapar Atomic Power Project (KAPP-3) in Tapi district of Gujarat achieved its first criticality [Criticality is the first step towards power production.]
•It is native to the Indian subcontinent (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan) and is the largest frog in India.
•Indian bullfrog tadpoles are carnivorous and eat other tadpoles (including their own species).
•The tadpoles grow to be the largest (around 20 millimetres) and also grow the fastest.
•It is one of the invasive species on the islands of Andaman and Nicobar.
•IUCN Red List: Least Concern
•Indian Wildlife Act 1972: Schedule IV
G20 Digital Economy Ministers Virtual Meeting
•Recently, a virtual meeting of G20 Digital Economy Ministers was hosted by Saudi Arabia in which Indian Union Minister for Electronics and Information Technology represented India
Quick Note for India in meeting
•Early lockdowns which helped in curbing the spread of the virus as well as preparing for the upcoming challenges effectively.
•Initiatives like Aarogya Setu mobile app, Covid-19 Quarantine Alert System (geofencing system for monitoring quarantined patients) and Covid-19 Savdhan (bulk messaging systems).
•All digital platforms need to be accountable and sensitive towards concerns related to defence and data privacy of citizens of sovereign countries.
[The comments follow the Indian government’s move to ban 59 Chinese applications citing a threat to national security and sovereignty]
•The digital economy must go hand in hand with the data economy because data is an important component to accelerate the digital economy.
•Some experts have attributed it to the salinity and presence of algae in the water body
•Lonar crater lake was identified as a unique geographical site by a British officer named CJE Alexander in 1823.
•It is an ancient circular lake created by a meteorite strike in Maharashtra.
•It is relatively young geologically, at just 50,000 years old.
•Lonar Lake lies within the only known extraterrestrial impact crater found within the great Deccan Traps, a huge basaltic formation in India
•The corridor – often dubbed as the “Road to Peace” – will connect Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Pakistan’s Kartarpur with Dera Baba Nanak shrine in India’s Gurdaspur district.
•The construction of the corridor will allow visa-free access to pilgrims from India. The proposal for the corridor has been on the table since 1988, but!!
•Pakistan has agreed in principle to allow visa-free, year-long travel to the Sikh shrine.
•The gurdwara in Kartarpur stands on the bank of the Ravi, about 120 km northeast of Lahore.
•It was here that Guru Nanak assembled a Sikh community and lived for 18 years until his death in 1539.
[Pakistan is planning to charge $20 per pilgrim.
It has also not agreed to the initial number — 10,000 pilgrims that India proposed. ]