•Recently, a local council in southern Japan has approved a bill to change the name of an area containing Senkaku Islands from Tonoshiro to Tonoshiro Senkaku
【The Senkaku Islands dispute, or Diaoyu Islands dispute, concerns a territorial dispute over a group of uninhabited islands known as the Senkaku Islands in Japan, the Diaoyu Islands in China and Tiaoyutai Islands in Taiwan.】
•The name change is aimed at resolving administrative confusion between a locale in downtown Ishigaki, which shares the name “Tonoshiro” similar to the island
•It is also done in response to the increased Chinese presence in the waters close to the Senkakus. In a move to protect territorial integrity, Japan has decided to change the name.
•The United States has a mutual defense treaty with Japan. If Japanese territory is attacked by a foreign power, the United States is obligated to defend it.
•China’s Stand: Bill by Japan is a serious provocation to China’s territorial sovereignty. (Said The move is illegal!)
•Taiwan’s Stand:It also protested the move and claimed that the islands are part of its territory, and the sovereignty of Tiaoyutai islands belongs to the country and any move attempting to alter this fact is invalid.
•By supporting the Japanese move, India can diplomatically strengthen its position over Galwan Valley.
[However, Taiwan’s engagement in the dispute is significant as it has supported India over the galwan valley but opposes the move of Japan]
China to join United Nations Arms Trade Treaty (UN-ATT)
•China held that it has always strictly controlled the export of military products and joining the treaty is an important step towards its efforts to enhance peace and stability in the world and support multilateralism 🙂
[China’s move comes after the USA announced to pull out of the ATT in 2019]
•The USA held that the treaty fails to truly address the problem of irresponsible arms transfers because other top arms exporters like Russia and China were not signatories to it that time (till now, Russia has neither signed it nor made any announcement to sign it).
[In May 2020, USA announced to exit the Open Skies Treaty (OST).
In August 2019, the USA along with Russia withdrew from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, 1987.]
•United Nations Arms Trade Treaty( UN-ATT) regulates the international trade in conventional arms, from small arms to battle tanks, combat aircraft and warships, and controls the flow of weapons into conflict zones.
[It entered into force on 24th December 2014.]
【India has been an active participant in the ATT negotiations and stressed consistently that the ATT should ensure a balance of obligations between exporting and importing states.】
Variyamkunnath Kunjahammed Haji; Freedom fighter
•The year 2021 will mark the 100th year anniversary of the Malabar/Moplah uprising of 1921.
•The freedom fighter Variyamkunnath Kunjahammed Haji led the Moplah uprising against the British in Kerala’s Malabar region
•Variyamkunnath Kunjahammed Haji was born into an affluent Muslim family sometime in the 1870s (the exact date is not confirmed) and grew up hearing stories of the torture and injustice done by the British.
[His father, Moideenkutty Haji, was deported and jailed in the Andaman Islands for his participation in a rebellion against the British]
•Kunjahammed Haji was very much fascinated by the traditional music-based art forms like Daffumutt and poems like ‘Malappuram Padappattu’ and ‘Badr Padappattu’ and he used them as an instrument to rally the locals against the British
[Haji was respected for his scholarship and knowledge in Urdu, Arabic and English]
•Haji decided to take arms against the British and took the leadership of the Khilafat and was mostly heard all over Calicut and south Malabar
•In January 1922, under the guise of a treaty, the British betrayed Haji through his close friend Unyan Musaliyar and arrested him. He was sentenced to death along with his compatriots.
•The bodies were cremated fearing that the grave may become an inspiration for the rebels and all the records connected with the Khilafat raj were burnt
•It is a parrot native to central and eastern South America.
•With a length of about one meter it is longer than any other species of parrot.
•It is the largest macaw and the largest flying parrot species.
•IUCN’ Red list : Vulnerable
•Recently, the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) has busted a wildlife syndicate (smuggling group) which was involved in smuggling of exotic macaws from Bangladesh.
•The joint operation was carried out in coordination with the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) and the Customs Department at the Kolkata airport.
•Illegal wildlife trade was ranked the fourth largest transnational organised crime globally, after the smuggling of narcotics, counterfeit goods and human trafficking
•Recently, some doctors have explored and validated the clinical utility of foldscope in the diagnosis of diseases using various patient samples
•It is an affordable microscope that can be made from simple components, including a sheet of paper and a lens. It cost less than a Rs. 100 to make a Foldscope
•It is portable and durable, and performs on par with conventional microscopes
•Foldscope can be used to diagnose diseases like oral health, urinary tract infection (UTI), leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis, and monitor kidney stones.
•It can be employed in public healthcare centres for primary diagnosis or as personal health monitoring devices
GAFA tax for for digital giants
•GAFA( Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon) is a proposed digital tax to be levied on large technology and internet companies.
•France has decided to introduce the tax (3% tax on revenues from digital activities
•European countries in particular say the so-called GAFA — Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon — are unfairly exploiting tax rules that let them declare profits in low-tax havens, depriving them of a fair share of their fiscal payments
•The United States has reportedly pulled out of talks aimed at overhauling the global tax system for digital giants.
•France as well as U.K., Spain, Italy and others have imposed taxes on the largest digital firms.
•U.S. officials have slammed the moves as discriminating against American firms, and say any new levies should come only as part of a broader overhaul of international tax rules.
Sahakar Mitra: Scheme on Internship Programme(SIP)
•Launched by Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare
•It is an initiative by the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) for young professionals.
•It is expected to be beneficial for both i.e. cooperatives as well as for the young professionals.
•The Sahakar Mitra scheme will help cooperative institutions access new and innovative ideas of young professionals while the interns will gain experience of working in the field to be self-reliant.
•It will provide the young professionals an opportunity of practical exposure and learning from the working of NCDC and cooperatives as a paid intern
•Eligibility: Professional graduates in disciplines such as Agriculture and allied areas, IT, etc. 【I’m out 🙂