Permanent Commission (PC) to Women Officers in the Indian Army
•Recently, the Ministry of Defence has issued the formal Government Sanction Letter for grant of Permanent Commission (PC) to Women Officers in the Indian Army
•Under the SSC scheme, women were commissioned into the Army for a period of 10 years, extendable up to 14 years
•While male SSC officers could opt for permanent commission at the end of 10 years of service, this option was not available to women officers
[Women officers were kept out of any command appointment and could not qualify for a government pension, which starts only after 20 years of service as an officer]
•The case was first filed in the Delhi High Court by women officers in 2003 and had received a favourable order in 2010
•Recently, the gold prices crossed Rs. 50,000 per 10 grams after nine years in India
•Whenever stock markets, real estate and bonds fall across the world, investors turn to gold to park their funds. It is considered as a safe haven for investors during periods of uncertainties.
[As gold is highly liquid and carries no default risk. It is scarce which has historically preserved its value over time]
•Global uncertainties triggered by Covid-19 pandemic, weak dollar, low-interest rates environment and stimulus programmes have increased the demand for gold.
•Rising virus cases and USA-China tensions have also led to increase in the gold price.
•India is the world’s second-largest gold consumer after China
Bal Gangadhar Tilak(23rd July 1856 -1st August 1920)
•He was born on 23rd July 1856 in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra.
•He was a Freedom fighter and lawyer ( also known as Lokmanya Tilak)
•He was a devout Hindu and used Hindu scriptures to rouse people to fight oppression.
•Stressed on the need for self-rule and believed that without self-rule or swarajya, no progress was possible.
Slogan: “Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it!”
•A book ‘Indian Unrest’ written by Valentine Chirol, an English journalist, stated Tilak the ‘father of Indian unrest’.
•He popularised the Ganesh Chaturthi festival in the Maharashtra region.
•He propounded the celebration of Shiv Jayanti on the birth anniversary of the monarch Chhatrapati Shivaji.
•Along with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal, he was part of the Lal-Bal-Pal trio of leaders with extremist outlooks.
[He joined the Indian National Congress (INC) in 1890.]
•Newspapers: Kesari (in Marathi) and Mahratta (in English)
•Books: Gita Rhasya and Arctic Home of the Vedas.
Chandra Shekhar Azad (23rd July 1906 -27th February 1931)
•Azad was born on 23rd July 1906 in the Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh.
•Chandra Shekhar, then a 15-year-old student, joined a Non-Cooperation Movement in December 1921.( As a result, he was arrested.)
•On being presented before a magistrate, he gave his name as “Azad” (The Free), his father’s name as “Swatantrata” (Independence) and his residence as “Jail”. 😁:)
•Therefore, he came to be known as Chandra Shekhar Azad
•After the suspension of the non-cooperation movement in 1922 by Gandhi, Azad joined Hindustan Republican Association (HRA)
•Kakori Conspiracy(1925): Most of the fund collection for revolutionary activities was done through robberies of government property. (In line with the same, Kakori Train Robbery near Kakori, Lucknow was done in 1925 by HRA.)
Criminal cases against Rajya Sabha Members
•According to an analysis by the Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR), about 24% of the sitting Rajya Sabha members have declared criminal cases against themselves
•[Analysis of 229 of the 233 Rajya Sabha seats showed that 54 MPs had declared criminal cases.]
•It also found out from their self-sworn affidavits that 89% have declared assets estimated at over Rs. 1 crore.
•According to the finding of Association of Democratic Reforms, about 43% of members elected to 17th Lok Sabha are facing criminal charges in court of law, while 84% have self-declared assets worth more than Rs. 1 crore.
•Section 8 of the Representation of Peoples (RP) Act, 1951 disqualifies a person convicted with a sentence of two years or more from contesting elections. But those under trial continued to be eligible to contest elections.