End of Extradition Treaty between Hong Kong and United Kingdom(UK)
•Recently, the UK government has suspended its extradition treaty arrangements with Hong Kong, in response to China’s introduction of a new security law in the territory.
[Earlier, Australia and Canada had suspended extradition treaties with Hong Kong]
•The extradition treaty means that, if someone in Hong Kong is suspected of a crime in the UK, then the British authorities can ask Hong Kong to hand them over to face justice – and vice versa.
•China’s Huawei Technologies will be removed completely from Britain’s 5G network by the end of 2027
•Plans for UK citizenship to around 3 million Hong Kong people by early 2021(Hong Kong total population is 7.5 Million), in response to the security law.
•Recently, the Union Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution has launched the Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS) Mobile App ‘BIS-Care’ and three portals namely the Standardization, Conformity Assessment and Training Portals of e-BIS for consumers
•The app can be operated on any Android phone and is operational in Hindi and English language.
•Consumers can check the authenticity of the ISI-marked and hallmarked products and lodge complaints using this app.
•It is important to ensure that consumers are aware of the standards and quality products and help in eliminating the supply of sub-standard products.
•BIS plans to implement One Nation, One Standard which is under examination and will be launched soon
•Smallpox is a contagious disease, caused by the Variola Virus (VARV).
•The origins of smallpox have always been unclear
•New research suggest that the smallpox was in existence as early as during the ‘Viking age’ in the 8th century CE.
[Viking Age was the period during the Middle Ages when the Norsemen (name given to the Scandinavian Vikings) undertook colonizing, conquest and trading throughout Europe, and reached North America in the 9th and 10th century.]
•Until now, the earliest confirmed case of the disease was found in the mummified remains of a 17th century Lithuanian child, even though written records suggest that it is much older
‘Dare to Dream 2.0’ Challenge
•Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has launched an innovation contest ‘Dare to Dream 2.0’ on the 5th death anniversary of former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.
• ‘Dare to Dream 2.0’ is an open challenge to promote the innovators and startups of the country, for innovation in defence and aerospace technologies in the country after the call of Atmanirbhar Bharat.
•Award money, up to Rs.10 lakh for startup and Rs. 5 lakh to individual category, will be given to the winners
•Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam is known as the missile man as he was part of many successful projects for development of ballistic missiles and satellite launch vehicle technologies during his lifetime
INDIA-UK Free Trade Agreement(FTA)
•In FTA, two trading partners eliminate or significantly reduce import duties on the maximum number of goods traded between them
•The meeting was held by India and UK to revive and revitalise the long standing trade and economic linkages between them.
•They agreed to an early harvest scheme or a limited trade agreement to lower tariffs on a small set of goods apart from easing rules for select services.
•They also resolved to cooperate in the health sector especially in the wake of Covid-19 pandemic.
[Previously, India and the UK were involved in discussing a preferential trading arrangement under the proposed India-European Union FTA.]
•The bilateral trade between the two countries stood at 15.5 billion USD in 2019-20 as against 16.87 USD billion in 2018-19.