Tianwen-1: China’s Mars Mission
•China’s previous ‘Yinghuo-1’ Mars mission, which was supported by a Russian spacecraft, had failed after it did not leave the earth’s orbit and disintegrated over the Pacific Ocean in 2012
[China will launch its first Mars Mission – Tianwen-1 in July, 2020]
Quick Note on Tianwen-1 Mission
•It will carry 13 payloads (seven orbiters and six rovers) that will explore the planet.
•It is an all-in-one orbiter, lander and rover system
•The mission will be the first to place a ground-penetrating radar on the Martian surface, which will be able to study local geology, as well as rock, ice, and dirt distribution.
•It will search the martian surface for water, investigate soil characteristics, and study the atmosphere
•The mission is expected to land on the surface of Mars in the first quarter of 2021.
【The success of the mission will make China the third country to achieve a Mars landing after the USSR and USA】
International Day of UN Peacekeepers 2020 : May 29
•UN peacekeeping is a unique global partnership. It brings together the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Secretariat, troop and police contributors and the host governments in a combined effort to maintain international peace and security.
•United Nations Peacekeeping is a joint effort between the Department of Peace Operations and the Department of Operational Support.
•UN peacekeepers (often referred to as Blue Berets or Blue Helmets because of their light blue berets or helmets) can include soldiers, police officers, and civilian personnel.
•The financial resources of UN Peacekeeping operations are the collective responsibility of UN Member States. •According to UN Charter every Member State is legally obligated to pay their respective share for peacekeeping.
[Every peacekeeping mission is authorized by the Security Council. ]
Why may 29?
•The first UN peacekeeping mission was established on 29th May 1948, when the Security Council authorized the deployment of a small number of UN military observers to the Middle East.
New Development Bank(NDB)
•It is a multilateral development bank operated by the BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).
•It was established in 2014, at the 6th BRICS Summit at Fortaleza, Brazil.
•The bank is set up to foster greater financial and development cooperation among the five emerging markets
HQ-> Shanghai, China.
•Unlike the World Bank, which assigns votes based on capital share, in the New Development Bank each participant country will be assigned one vote, and none of the countries will have veto power.
•Union Minister of Finance & Corporate Affairs Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman attended the Special Board of Governors meeting of the New Development Bank (NDB) through video-conference.
[The agenda included the election of next President of NDB, appointment of Vice-President and Chief Risk Officer and membership expansion]
What is BevQ App?
•BevQ is a virtual queue mobile app and token generator service provided by Kerala state beverages corporation Ltd. to maintain the social distancing norms during the coronavirus pandemic.
•The BevQ app can be installed from the Google Play Store to generate token and make online bookings for alcohol in Kerala
•The app has been developed by a Kochi-based startup called Faircode Technologies Private Limited.
What is Reverse Transcriptase-Loop Mediated Isothermal Amplification (RT-LAMP) test?
•CSIR-IIIM & Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) to develop RT-LAMP based test for Coronavirus
•It is a nucleic acid based test carried out from nasal/throat swab sample from patients.
•It is rapid (45-60 min), cost effective and accurate test.
•While the current COVID-19 testing is done by real-time PCR their components are mostly imported.( these tests are expensive)
•On the other hand, the RT-LAMP test can be done in a single tube with minimal expertise in a very basic lab setup like mobile units / kiosks for testing at Airports, Railway Stations, Bus Stands and other public places.