BeiDou-3 Navigation Satellite System (BDS): by China
•China has formally launched full global services of its BeiDou-3 Navigation Satellite System (BDS).
•The name BeiDou comes from Chinese word for the Big Dipper or Plough constellation.
•China’s BeiDou navigation project was launched in the early 1990s
•The navigation satellite system was completed in three steps: BDS-1 which provided services to China, BDS- 2 to provide services to the Asia-Pacific region and BDS-3 which provides services worldwide.
•It will be the fourth global satellite navigation system after the USA GPS, Russia’s GLONASS and European Union’s Galileo.
•It is said to be much more accurate than the USA’s GPS.
The Tripartite Agreement,1947 on Gurkha soldiers
•In 1947, when India became independent, it was decided to split Gurkha regiments between the British and Indian armies
•East India Company first recruited Gurkhas after suffering heavy casualties during the Anglo-Nepalese War also known as the Gurkha War. (The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Sugauli in 1816.)
•Recently, the Nepal’s Foreign Minister has said that the 1947 Tripartite Agreement between India, Nepal and the United Kingdom (that deals with the military service of Gurkha soldiers from Nepal) has become redundant
•The issue became a talking point after Indian Army Chief remarked that Nepal’s strong protest against Indian road construction in the Limpiadora-Kalapani-Lipulekh area was at the behest of a third party (China).
•The Napelese people believe that Indian Army Chief, who is granted the honorary post of a General in the Nepal Army has hurt the sentiments of the Nepali Gurkha Army personnel who lay down their lives to protect India.
Operation Breathing Space: India-Israel
•Recently, an Israeli team arrived in India with a multi-pronged mission, codenamed Operation Breathing Space to work with Indian authorities on the Covid-19 response
•India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Israel’s defence ministry research and development team are working together to develop four different kinds of rapid testing kit for Covid-19 which can give the result within 30 seconds.
•The tests include an audio test, a breath test, thermal testing, and a polyamino test
•The kits will be jointly developed after trials on Indian Covid-19 patients. The tests have already been tried on a small sample of Israeli patients.
Manufacturing of Agarbatti under Gramodyog Vikas Yojana
•Gramodyog Vikas Yojana is one of the two components of Khadi Gramodyog Vikas Yojana which aims to promote and develop the village industries through common facilities, technological modernization, training etc.
•Recently, the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises has approved a programme for the benefit of artisans involved in manufacturing of Agarbatti under the Gramodyog Vikas Yojana.
•The programme will initially include four pilot projects, including one in the north eastern part of the country.
•Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) will provide training and assistance as well as work and raw material to artisans working in this area, in tie-up with Agarbatti manufacturing machines.
Muslim Women Rights Day: 1st August
•Recently, 1st August has been recorded as “Muslim Women Rights Day” in the country’s history to mark first anniversary of the passage of Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019
[The law made triple talaq a criminal offence]
•The Act makes all declaration of talaq, including in written or electronic form, to be void (i.e. not enforceable in law) and illegal.
•It also makes a declaration of talaq a cognizable offence
◆Triple talaq bill;-(New amendments)
1)allow the magistrate to grant bail ‘after hearing the wife’(offence remains non-bailable)
2)police would lodge FIR only if approached by the victim (wife),her blood relations or relatives by virtue of her marriage
3)Now, a magistrate can use his powers to settle the dispute b/w a husband & his wife
•There are three forms of talaq (divorce) in Islam
•Ahsan,Hasan : revocable
•Talaq-e-Biddat(triple or instant talaq) : irrevocable
Aerial seeding technique in Haryana
•It is a technique of plantation wherein seed balls – seeds covered with a mixture of clay, compost, char and other components – are sprayed on the ground using aerial devices, including planes, helicopters or drones.
•The process of the seed’s germination and growth is such that it requires no attention after it is dispersed – the reason why seed pellets are known as the “fire and forget” way of plantation.
•They eliminate the need for ploughing and digging holes in the soil and the seeds do not need to be planted, since they are already surrounded by soil, nutrients, and microorganisms.
【The Haryana Forest Department has started aerial seeding across the state on a pilot basis】