What is Bug bounty programme?
•It has a goal to partner with security researchers and Indian developer community to test the security effectiveness of Aarogya Setu and also to enhance its security and build user’s trust.
•It is aimed at encouraging the Indian developer community to find security flaws in the app and get rewarded Rs 1 lakh.
•Recently, the source code of Aarogya Setu Mobile App has been made open source for software developers.
•It has been uploaded on GitHub which will help in identifying any vulnerabilities or code improvement in order to make Aarogya Setu more robust and secure.
Arogya setu is now an open source:
•Open Source refers to a source which people can modify and share because its design is publicly accessible.
•Source code is the part of software that computer programmers can manipulate its working and function. Programmers who have access to a computer program’s source code can improve that program by adding features.
Drop in Institutional Deliveries due to Lockdown
•Recently, the data from the states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand has reported a drop in the institutional deliveries
•Chattisgarh: It has recorded a drop by 15.39 % in April compared to the numbers recorded in March
•Jharkhand: The state had listed 52,000 women for scheduled deliveries in May, out of these only 5.9 % of these were conducted in medical institutions by May 21.
•The public transport has been majorly affected due to nationwide lockdown imposed to contain the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic. Thus reaching hospitals from villages became difficult.
•The declared Covid-19 hospitals have created a fear of infection and thus people are avoiding physical contacts with the hospitals.
Way Forward: The entire health machinery is battling Covid-19 but non-Covid health services should not compromise which are the base of the health infrastructure of the country
Rise in Foreign Direct Investment(FDI)
•According to data released by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), total Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in India increased by 18% to $73.46 billion in the 2019-20 financial year
•[Total FDI has doubled from the year 2013-14 when it was only $36 billion]
•The sectors that attracted the most foreign inflows during 2019-20 included services, computer software and hardware, telecommunications, trading and automobiles.
•Singapore emerged as the largest equity FDI source, contributing to inflows of $14.67 billion
USA’s Bill to Put Sanction on China for oppression of Uighur Muslims.
•The bill calls for sanctions against those responsible for repression of Uighurs and other Muslim groups in China’s Xinjiang province.
•According to the United Nations estimates, more than one million Uighurs Muslims and members of other largely Muslim minority groups have been detained in camps in Xinjiang in a crackdown
•However, China denies the mistreatment in the camps and says the camps provide vocational training. China also refuses to allow independent inspections
[The bill has now been sent to the White House for President Donald Trump to veto or sign into law]
Veer Savarkar Jayanti: 28th May
•He was an Indian independence activist, politician, lawyer and writer.
•VD Savarkar was born on 28th May, 1883 in Bhagur, a village near Nashik in Maharashtra
•He was the president of Hindu Mahasabha from 1937 to 1943
•Went to the United Kingdom and was involved with organizations such as India House and the Free India Society
•Savarkar wrote a book titled ‘The History of the War of Indian Independence’ in which he wrote about the guerilla warfare tricks used in 1857 Sepoy Mutiny.
•He also wrote the book ‘Hindutva: who is hindu?’
•He was Arrested in 1909 on charges of plotting an armed revolt against the Morley-Minto reform (Indian Councils Act 1909)
•Following the two trials, Savarkar was convicted and sentenced to 50-years imprisonment also known as Kala Pani and transported in 1911 to the Cellular Jail in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
•He was not considered by the British government as a political prisoner.
[He died on 26th February 1966 due to fasting on his own wish of death]
Abhinav Bharat Society (Young India Society)
•It was a secret society founded by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and his brother Ganesh Damodar Savarkar in 1904.
What is Banana Covid?: A Novel Fungal Strain ‘Fusarium wilt TR4‘
•Recently, a novel fungus strain Fusarium wilt TR4 has started infecting the Banana plantations in India.
•It has been described as the equivalent of Covid-19 in Bananas. Similar to Covid-19, there is no treatment yet for the new fungal disease.
[Ecuador, the largest exporter of Banana is currently the epicentre]
•Banana is the world’s most globally exported fruit and the disease is breaching borders through international trade.
[The spreading disease has impacted the $26 billion global banana trade.]
The strain, Tropical Race 4 (TR4):
•It was first identified in Taiwan, and has moved from Asia to the Middle East and Africa, reaching as far as Latin America.
•It cripples plantations by first attacking the leaves, which turn yellow from their trailing edges before wilting away.
•According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, TR4 is one of the “the most destructive of all plant diseases”.
•It is a far-right Hutu paramilitary organization active in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda
•Formed around 1990 as the youth wing of the National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development (MRND according to its French name), the then-ruling party of Rwanda.
•The Interahamwe were the main perpetrators of the Rwandan genocide, during which an estimated 500,000 to 1,000,000 Tutsi, Twa, and moderate Hutus were killed from April to July 1994, and the term “Interahamwe” was widened to mean any civilian bands killing Tutsi