SWADES – Skilled Workers Arrival Database for Employment Support
•Recently, the Government has launched this initiative
•It is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, the Ministry of Civil Aviation and the Ministry of External Affairs.
•The initiative, undertaken as part of the Vande Bharat Mission, aims at empowering the returning citizens with relevant employment opportunities
•It aims to create a database of qualified citizens based on their skill sets and experience to tap into and fulfil demand of Indian and foreign companies
[The returning citizens are required to fill up an online SWADES Skills Card]
Re-establishment of Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy (PCIM&H)
•Recently, the Union Cabinet has given its approval to re-establish PCIM&H as a subordinate office under the Ministry of AYUSH
[Presently, PCIM&H is an autonomous body under the aegis of Ministry of AYUSH, established since 2010.]
•Pharmacopoeia is an officially recognized book of standards as per the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules 1945 there under.
[It specifies the standards of drugs manufactured and marketed in India in terms of their identity, purity and strength]
Expansion of the Amery Ice Shelf(AIS)
•Amery Ice Shelf(AIS) is one of the largest glacier drainage basins in the world, located on the east coast of Antarctica [at about 70ºS Latitude, 70ºE Longitude. ]
•The AIS dynamics and mass balance help in understanding the changes in the global climate scenario.
•The National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) predicts that there would be a 24% increase in the expansion of Amery Ice Shelf (AIS) boundaries by 2021 and another 24% expansion by 2026 from its 2016 positions
•The predictions are based on a 16-year-long satellite-based observation that covered an area of 60,000 sq. km across the AIS.
Covid-19 Management Index
•Rajasthan has topped the list of Covid-19 Management Index which was analysed for 10 states by the Central government, including parameters such as active cases, recovered cases and mortality rate.
•The positive cases in the state are heading towards the 10,000-mark but the graph of active cases has been constantly declining.
•There were only 2,699 active cases in the state as of now.
[ The mortality rate was 2.16%, which was quite less than the national average and the recovery rate was 67.59%]
•While the doubling time of Covid-19 infection in India is 12 days, it stands at 18 days in Rajasthan.
•Healthcare initiatives such as immunisation, family welfare, maternal and child health and national health programmes, ensured that the people’s needs are met, health infrastructure remains intact and the State’s health index is not adversely impacted.
[To raise awareness about the Covid-19, ‘Swasthya Mitras’ will be appointed in each revenue village.]
Digital Services Taxes(DST)
•These are the adopted taxes on revenues that certain companies generate from providing certain digital services. E.g. digital multinationals like Google, Amazon and Apple etc.
•Recently, the office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) has initiated investigations into taxes adopted or under consideration by 10 nations, including India, on revenues of American digital service companies like Netflix, Airbnb etc
•The US is probing the 2% Digital Services Tax (DST) that India adopted in March and which went into effect on April 1, 2020.
[The tax applies only to non-resident companies with annual revenues over $267,000, and covers online sales of goods & services to persons in India]
•The US is concerned that many of its trading partners are adopting tax schemes designed to unfairly target US companies