Increment in global e-waste
•According to a recent United Nations University (UNU) report, global e-waste will increase by 38% in the decade between 2020 and 2030
•United Nations University (UNU) is a global think tank and postgraduate teaching organisation headquartered in Japan.
•UNU’s mission is to resolve the pressing global problems of human survival
•There was 53.6 million tonnes (MT) e-waste in 2019, which is a nearly 21% increase in just five years.
•Less than 18% of the e-waste generated in 2019 was collected and recycled.
【Structured management of e-waste in India is mandated under the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016】
Expansion of Council of Ministers (CoM) in Madhya Pradesh
•Recent expansion of the Ministry in Madhya Pradesh has increased the Council of Ministers strength to 34, which is more than 15% of the effective strength of the legislators at 206
•Article 164 (1A) of the Constitution prescribed that the total number of Ministers, including the Chief Minister, in the Council of Ministers in a State shall not exceed 15% of the total number of members of the Legislative Assembly of that State
•Article 163 (1) provides that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister as the head to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions
【The Assembly strength of 228 dropped to 206 in March 2020, when 22 rebel Congress MLAs resigned, toppling the then government. Two seats fell vacant earlier owing to deaths.】
Prerak Dauur Samman
•Recently, a new category of awards titled ‘Prerak Dauur Samman’ has been announced as part of Swachh Survekshan 2021
•The Prerak Dauur Samman has a total of five additional sub-categories namely,
1. Divya (Platinum),
2. Anupam (Gold),
3. Ujjwal (Silver),
4. Udit (Bronze)
5. Aarohi (Aspiring).
•In Swachh Survekshan 2020, cities are evaluated on the criteria of ‘population category’ but for 2021, they will be categorised on the basis of six select indicator wise performance criteria
1. Segregation of waste into Wet, Dry and Hazard categories.
2. Processing capacity against wet waste generated.
3. Processing and recycling of wet and dry waste.
4. Construction and Demolition waste processing.
5. Percentage of waste going to landfills.
6. Sanitation status of cities.
•Recently, the government of Turkey has decided to convert Istanbul’s iconic Hagia Sophia Museum into a mosque
•Hagia Sophia is not only the symbol of Turkey’s most popular tourist attraction but also acts as a political symbol.
[The plan of conversion is also an attempt to gain political support as AKP has lost many municipal elections.]
•There have been diplomatic tensions between Turkey and Greece over many issues related to Hagia Sophia.
•According to Greece, the museum which has been designated a world cultural heritage is currently being used to promote other purposes.
•For the President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of Justice and Development Party (AKP), and his supporters who tend to have nationalist-Islamist sympathies, it symbolises the conquest of Christian Constantinople by the Ottomans, and the superiority of the Islamic world.
[Hagia Sophia is not only the symbol of Turkey’s most popular tourist attraction but also acts as a political symbol.]
Natanz: Iran’s main uranium enrichment facility
•Recently, a fire broke out at Natanz, an Underground Nuclear Facility of Iran used for enriching uranium.
[Enriched uranium is a type of uranium in which the percent composition of uranium-235 is increased.]
•It is among the sites monitored by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) after Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal with world powers i.e. the USA ,UK, France, China, Russia, and Germany
•Natanz became a point of controversy as Iran refused to allow an IAEA inspector into the facility in October 2019, after allegedly testing positive for suspected traces of explosive nitrates.
Nagarahole National Park, Karnataka
•Recently, the Karnataka Forest Department has decided to put in place a traffic monitoring mechanism along the roads adjacent to Nagarahole National Park
• Time-stamped Card System:The forest department will introduce a time-stamped card system for vehicles passing through the roads, adjacent to Nagarahole National Park, which have high traffic density 24×7.
•The time stamped card will have complete details on the speed limit to be maintained and the exit time at the next check post.
•It will help ensure that motorists don’t stop midway and litter the area or cause disturbance to wildlife.
[It will also ensure better compliance of forest laws by motorists and will also minimise road kills]