•China made this claim at an online meeting of the 58th Global Environment Facility (GEF) Council, while objecting to the funding request to develop the Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary project in eastern Bhutan
•Sakteng wildlife sanctuary is based in Eastern Bhutan, or Trashigang Dzongkhag (district) that borders Arunachal Pradesh
•Bhutan and China do not have any formal diplomatic relations, both the countries conduct their diplomatic communication through their missions in Delhi.
[Bhutan has conveyed its position to China through its embassy in New Delhi— since both countries don’t have embassies in each other’s countries.]
•According to China, the Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the China-Bhutan disputed areas which is on the agenda of China-Bhutan boundary talk
[Bhutan totally rejected the claim made by China. It said that Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary is an integral and sovereign territory of Bhutan]
Use of Winter Diesel in Ladakh by Armed Forces
•Recently, the Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) has sought approval from the Directorate General of Quality Assurance (DGQA) for the use of winter diesel by armed forces for operations in high altitude areas such as Ladakh
•Winter Diesel is a specialised fuel specifically for high altitude regions and low-temperature regions such as Ladakh, where ordinary diesel can become unusable.
[It also meets the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) specification of BS-VI grade.]
•It contains additives to maintain lower viscosity by enabling the fuel to remain fluid in such conditions
•It has a low pour point (as low as minus 30-degree celsius).
[It is the temperature below which the liquid loses its flow characteristics]
NASA’s scientists find that the Moon might be more metallic than they thought
•The metallic distribution was observed by the Miniature Radio Frequency (Mini-RF) instrument aboard the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft
•The LRO’s Mini-RF instrument was measuring dielectric constant within lunar soil in crater floors in the Moon’s northern hemisphere.
[Dielectric constant, an electrical property, is the ratio of the electric permeability of a material to the electric permeability of a vacuum]
•If the findings are proven to be true, it would imply that there are large quantities of iron and titanium oxides beyond a few meters of the Moon’s upper surface.
•The finding could aid in drawing a clearer connection between Earth and the Moon
Do you know?: Mars-sized protoplanet collided with the newly formed Earth around 4.5 billion years ago, breaking off its piece that went on to become a satellite (called Earth’s Moon)
•However, scientists have been trying to explain how Earth’s crust has fewer amounts of iron oxide than the Moon. Now, the new discovery of even greater quantities of metal on the Moon makes the process more difficult 🙂
244th anniversary of American Independence Day : 4th July 2020
•Throughout the 1760s and early 1770s, the American colonies found themselves increasingly at odds with British imperial policies regarding taxation and frontier policy.
•When repeated protests failed to influence British policies the Continental Congress worked with local groups, originally intended to enforce the boycott, to coordinate resistance against the British.
•Finally, the United States was founded on an ideal of democracy on the 4th July 1776 by adopting the Declaration of Independence from the 13 colonies
【Prime Minister Modi also congratulated the USA on the occasion】
Article 78 of the Constitution of India
•Article 78 of the Constitution deals with the duties of the Prime Minister with respect to the furnishing of information to the President
[Recently, the Prime Minister of India briefed the President on ‘issues of national and international importance]
•The meeting took place against the backdrop of border tensions with China, economic crisis and the Covid-19 situation.
•It is an app launched by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare.
•It is developed by the National Informatics Centre.
•It will facilitate farmers and traders to identify suitable transport facilities for the movement of farm produce during coronavirus lock down.
•The App will allow transportation of farm produce from farm gate to mandi and from one to another mandi.
•It will ensure seamless supply linkages between farmers, FPOs, APMC mandis and intra-state and inter-state buyers.
•It is being hailed as the country’s first indigenously developed ‘social media super app’.
•It was launched on 5 July 2020, days after a national ban on TikTok, as part of an initiative to promote software made in India.
•The app has been developed by over 1,000 IT professionals who volunteer at Sri Sri Ravi Shankar’s Art of Living foundation.
•It will compete with the likes of Facebook and Instagram, comes with hosts of features that enable users to connect with friends and family in a creative way.
•The app also has messaging and group chatting capabilities.
•It is available in eight Indian languages.
•It comes with features such as end-to-end encryption, which ensures that users’ data ‘remains safe from prying eyes