Vizag Gas Leak Disaster
•Recently, a gas leak has affected five villages in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh
•The source of the gas leak was a styrene plant owned by South Korean electronics giant LG located in the area
What is Styrene?
•Styrene is an organic compound with the formula C8H8.
•It is a derivative of benzene (C6H6).
•It is stored in factories as a liquid, but evaporates easily, and has to be kept at temperatures under 20°C.
•Styrene is found in vehicle exhaust, cigarette smoke, and in natural foods like fruits and vegetables.
【It is a flammable liquid that is used in the manufacturing of polystyrene plastics, fiberglass, rubber, and latex.】
“I was reading about Bhopal gas disaster and reasons behind that ( and how developed countries transferring hazardous industries to developing countries)
[Then heard about it (:
Need to be changed a lot “]
Vande Bharat Mission
•It is the biggest evacuation exercise to bring back Indian citizens stranded abroad amidst the coronavirus-induced travel restrictions.
•Indian nationals stranded overseas due to the global coronavirus lockdown are expected to return under the Vande Bharat Mission.
•It is also considered as the largest exercise to bring back Indian citizens since the evacuation of 177,000 from the Gulf region in the early 1990s at the start of hostilities between Iraq and Kuwait during the first Gulf War.
•further, the Indian Navy has also launched Operation “Samudra Setu” (sea bridge) to repatriate Indian citizens from overseas
Operation Samudra Setu
•The program named Samudra Setu by Indian navy entails to bring back around two thousand Indians in two ships during the first phase of evacuation.
•INS Jalashwa and INS Magar are being operated as part of efforts to repatriate Indian nationals from foreign shores.
Tiger Population in Sundarbans gone up to 96 from 88
•As per the latest census conducted by the West Bengal Forest Department, the tiger count in the Sundarbans for 2019-20 has gone up to 96 from 88 in 2018-19
•The increase in the number by eight is significant as it is the highest annual jump reported from the Sundarbans
•Sundarbans is a vast contiguous mangrove forest ecosystem in the coastal region of Bay of Bengal spread over India and Bangladesh on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers.
•The Sunderbans Delta is the only mangrove forest in the world inhabited by tigers.
•Indian Sundarbans constitute over 60% of the country’s total mangrove forest area.
•Indian Sundarbans has been recognised as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987 and ‘Wetland of International Importance’ under the Ramsar Convention in January, 2019.
•It is home to rare and globally threatened species, such as theNorthern River Terrapin, Royal Bengal Tiger, Irrawaddy Dolphin, and the Fishing Cat.
Modifications in Prime Minister’s Research Fellowship (PMRF) Scheme
•The scheme was announced in the Budget 2018-19
•It aims to attract the talent pool of the country to doctoral (Ph.D.) programs of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc) for carrying out research in cutting edge science and technology domains, with focus on national priorities.
The modifications will enable more students to avail of the benefit under PMRF scheme
•Now for the students from any recognised institute/ university (other than IISc/ IITs/NITs/IISERs/IIEST/CF IIITs), the requirement of GATE Score is reduced to 650 from 750 apart from minimum CGPA of 8 or equivalent.
•Now, there will be two channels of entries, direct entry and lateral entry.
•Under the lateral entry, candidates pursuing PhD in any PMRF granting institution can apply for the PMRF scheme if he/she satisfies certain conditions, as prescribed.
•To boost research a dedicated Division is being created in the ministry with the name of “Research and Innovation Division”
AYUSH Sanjivani App
•Recently, the government has launched the ‘AYUSH Sanjivani’ App
•It is developed by the Ministry of AYUSH and the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY).
•It targets to reach out to 50 lakh people in the country.
•The app intends to generate data on usage of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-rigpa and Homoeopathy) advocacies and measures among the population and its impact in prevention of Covid-19.
•The data collected through this app will be analyzed to find out usage of AYUSH interventions and its efficacy in maintaining health by enhancing immunity.