•The corridor – often dubbed as the “Road to Peace” – will connect Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Pakistan’s Kartarpur with Dera Baba Nanak shrine in India’s Gurdaspur district.
•The construction of the corridor will allow visa-free access to pilgrims from India. The proposal for the corridor has been on the table since 1988, but!!
•Pakistan has agreed in principle to allow visa-free, year-long travel to the Sikh shrine.
•The gurdwara in Kartarpur stands on the bank of the Ravi, about 120 km northeast of Lahore.
•It was here that Guru Nanak assembled a Sikh community and lived for 18 years until his death in 1539.
[Pakistan is planning to charge $20 per pilgrim.
It has also not agreed to the initial number — 10,000 pilgrims that India proposed. ]
●District mineral foundations(DMFs)
•They are non-profit truststo work for the interest and benefit of persons and areas affected by mining-related operations in such manner as may be prescribed by the State Government.
Jurisdiction: Its manner of operation comes under the jurisdiction of the relevant State Government.
Chhattisgarh became the first state in July 2019, to amend DMF rules.
•The new rule mandates the inclusion of 10 Gram Sabha members directly from mining-affected areas in the DMF Governing Council (GC).
•In Scheduled Areas, at least 50 per cent of the Gram Sabha members must be from Scheduled Tribes (ST).
•Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY):
The programme is meant to provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations, using the funds generated by District Mineral Foundations (DMFs).
●National Pension Scheme for Traders and Self Employed Persons
•It is a pension scheme for the Vyaparis (shopkeepers/retail traders and self-employed persons) with annual turnover not exceeding Rs 1.5 crore.
•It is a voluntary and contributory pension scheme
•It has a provision for minimum assured pension of Rs 3,000/- monthly on attaining the age of 60 years.
•The Central Government shall give 50 % share of the monthly contribution and remaining 50% contribution shall be made by the beneficiary
•Beneficiary is required to have an Aadhaar card and a saving bank/ Jan-dhan Account passbook only.
•He/ She should be within 18 to 40 years of age group.
•GSTIN is required only for those
with turnover above Rs. 40 lakhs
•An infection with salmonella bacteria, commonly caused by contaminated food or water.
•MDH masalas in US have tested positive for Salmonella
•According to estimates by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Salmonella causes 1.2 million illnesses, 23,000 hospitalisations and about 450 deaths in the United States every year.
•The World Health Organisation (WHO) identifies Salmonella as one of four key global causes of diarrhoeal diseases
【MDH= Mahashian(महाशय) Di Hatti:)】
●Global Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Development Hub
•Launched in May 2018 in the margins of the 71st session of the World Health Assembly, following a call from G20 Leaders in 2017
•It Supports global priority setting and evidence-based decision-making on the allocation of resources for AMR R&D through the identification of gaps, overlaps and potential for cross-sectoral collaboration and leveraging in AMR R&D.
•Secretariat: established in Berlin.
•India joins the Global Antimicrobial Resistance Research and Development Hub as a new member
•They are an Ethnic group, mostly Muslims. They were not granted full citizenship by Myanmar.
•They were classified as “resident foreigners or associate citizens”.
•Ethnically they are much closer to Indo-Aryan people of India and Bangladesh than to the Sino-Tibetans of the Country.
•Few years ago, religious and ethnic tensions between the Rohingya Muslims and the Rakhine Buddhists (who make up the majority of the population in Myanmar) escalated into widespread, deadly rioting
•Recently, Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh refused to board buses that would have taken them to Mynamar
•A form of terrorism where there is the intentional release of biological agents (bacteria, viruses, or other germs). This is also referred to as germ warfare.
•Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh says bio-terrorism among new threats facing Armed Forces Medical Services of SCO countries
•The threat of bioterrorism is increasing as a result of the rise of technical capabilities, the rapid expansion of the global biotechnology industry, and the growth of loosely sophisticated networks of transnational terrorist groups that have expressed interest in bioterrorism
●National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) project
•It is an ambitious counter terrorism programme.
•It will utilise technologies like Big Data and analytics to study and analyse the huge amounts of data from various intelligence and enforcement agencies to help track suspected terrorists and prevent terrorist attacks.
•NATGRID is facing opposition on charges of possible violations of privacy and leakage of confidential personal information.
•It is Indo-Thailand Joint Military Exercise.
It is an annual training event which is being conducted alternatively in Thailand and India since 2006.
•2019 edition is being held in Meghalaya
•It is the white water Rafting Expedition being undertaken by Kalidhar Battalion under the aegis of Battle Axe Division.
•It has been organised to commemorate the 75th Raising day of the Kalidhar Battalion.
•‘Rudrashila’ takes its name from the famed Rudraprayag tributary of the Ganges River in the Mountains of Uttarakhand.
●Pangong Tso lake
•Pangon lake or Pangong Tso, a 135-km long lake, located in the Himalayas at the height of approximately 4,350 m, stretches out from India to China.
•One-third of water body, its 45 km stretch, is in Indian control while the rest of the 90 km is under Chinese control.
•It is formed from Tethys geosyncline.
•It is a salt water lake.
【The Indian and Chinese armies clashed recently along the Pangong lake in Ladakh.(We even don’t know!)】
•It’s a kind of knowledge bank that may be used by vulnerable countries, such as India, to reduce drought risk and be better prepared and effectively respond to it.
•At the ongoing 14th Conference of Parties (COP14) to United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), a Drought Toolbox has been launched
●World University Rankings 2020: 16th edition
•Released by TIMES Higher Education (THE). .
•Included over 1,300 universities from 92 countries
•56 Indian institutions (up from 49 last year) made entry into the table this year, making India the fifth most-represented country in the list and the third in Asia (behind Japan and China).
•The University of Oxford retained the top position for the consecutive fourth year
•The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore topped the Indian universities on the list (although its ranking fell from the 251-300 group in 2019 to the 301-350 bracket in 2020)
【It is the first time since 2012, that an Indian university has not featured in the top 300 of the ranking.】