Daily Quick Revision current affairs |18 December 2019| revisefast

Global Gender Gap Report 2020:released by World Economic Forum
India has been ranked 112th among 153 countries this year. In 2018, it ranked 108.
•The largest gender disparity is in political empowerment. Only 25% of the 35,127 seats in parliaments around the world are occupied by women, and only 21% of the 3,343 ministers are women
•Well, report is published annually by the world economic forum since 2006 & is a part of this which measures gender equality across four pillars– they are economic opportunity, political empowerment, educational attainment and health and survival.
•The Report aims to serve “as a compass to track progress on relative gaps between women and men on health, education, economy and politics”
•India has closed two-thirds of its overall gender gap (score of 66.8%). However, the condition of women in large fringes of India’s society is precarious
AMRUT mission
•Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is the new avatar of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM).
▫️The Mission will focus on the following Thrust Areas:
1.Water Supply.
2.Sewerage and septage management.
3.Storm Water Drainage to reduce flooding
4.Non-motorized Urban Transport.
5.Green space/parks.
•Five hundred cities have been selected under AMRUT
like All Cities and Towns with a population of over one lakh with notified Municipalities as per Census 2011, including Cantonment Boards (Civilian areas). [All Capital Cities/Towns of States/ UTs, not covered in above.]
->All Cities/ Towns classified as Heritage Cities by MoHUA under the HRIDAY Scheme.
•Unable to meet set targets for urban renewal in 500 cities, the Centre has decided to extend the mission period of its flagship initiative Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) by two more years
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana(PMUY)
~aims to provide LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households [identified through the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) ]
•A report from the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare places Household Air Pollution (HAP) as the second leading risk factor contributing to India’s disease burden.
•CAG report raises concerns about Ujjwala scheme
•There is the issue of low consumption, diversions and considerable delays in supply of cylinders.
•Encouraging the sustained usage of LPG remains a big challenge as the annual average refill consumption of 1.93 crore •PMUY consumers (who have completed more than one year as on 31 March 2018) was only 3.66 refills as worked out by audit.
•Objectives of the scheme are: °Empowering women and protecting their health.
°Reducing the serious health hazards associated with cooking based on fossil fuel etc.
Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA)
•It is used to understand how much of any nutrient (salt, sugar, fat) should be consumed from different meals.
•Most packaged foods fall in the ‘snack’ category and the RDA of this food is, therefore, a proportion of daily intake
•laboratory analysis of most packaged and fast food items sold in India has revealed high salt and fat content, in violation of thresholds set by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
•The study was conducted by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE)
Global Refugee Forum
First ever Global Refugee Forum is being held in Geneva, Switzerland.
•Jointly hosted by United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) along with Government of Switzerland.
•Guided by the Global Compact on Refugees, the Global Refugee Forum is an opportunity to translate the principle of international responsibility-sharing into concrete action.
•The Forum will showcase impactful pledges and contributions and the exchange of good practices.
•Refugee situations continue to increase in scope, scale, and complexity. There are 25.4 million refugees around the world, and 85 per cent of them are hosted in low- and middle-income countries facing their own economic and development challenges.
【Refugee are the most discriminated gender 🙄】
National Broadband Mission (NBM)
•The mission will facilitate universal and equitable access to broadband services across the country, especially in rural and remote areas.
•It also involves laying of incremental 30 lakh route km of optical fibre cable and increasing tower density from 0.42 to 1 tower per thousand population by 2024.
•The mission also envisages increasing fiberisation of towers to 70% from 30% at present.
•It will also strive for the creation of a digital fibre map of the communications network and infrastructure, including optical fibre cables and towers across the country
•The union government has launched the National Broadband Mission (NBM).
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