February QUICK REVISION 2019

●Salt Satyagraha Memorial;-{at Dandi in Navsari district, Gujarat}
↪It was dedicated to the nation on the occasion of Mahatma Gandhi’s 71st death anniversary (30th January).
↪It is a tribute to the Satyagrahis led by Gandhi Ji
●Polar vortex;-
↪It is described as a whirling cone of low pressure over the poles that is strongest in the winter months due to the increased temperature contrast b/w the polar regions and the mid-latitudes, (such as the US and Europe)
•Weather experts are predicting an extremely cold January & February for the northeastern United States,N Europe
●The President’s address to both Houses of Parliament;-
•Article 87(1) says↪“At the commencement of the first session after each general election to the House of the People and at the commencement of the first session of each year the President shall address both Houses of Parliament
●Swadesh Darshan Scheme(SDS);-{Mo Tourism}
↪with an objective to develop theme-based tourist circuits in the country(high tourist value)
↪scheme is 100% centrally funded
•First Tribal Circuit Project under SDS will be inaugurated in Chhattisgarh(This is 2nd project under SDS being inaugurated in country)
◆First project in Sikkim under the Swadesh Darshan scheme has been inaugurated at the Zero Point, Gangtok.
●Nuclear Suppliers Group(NSGs);-
↪Is a multinational body concerned with reducing nuclear proliferation by controlling export & re-transfer of materials (nuclear weapons)
•India sought membership of NSG since 2008 But(😔 China has stuck to its stand that new members should sign Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)
•NSG member state gets⤵
↪information on nuclear matters.
↪become part of a very transparent process
↪Can act as an instrument of harmonization & coordination etc.
●UN global assessment of environmental laws;-
↪As many as 88 countries have adopted the constitutional right to a healthy environment and more than 350 environmental courts and tribunals exist in around 50 countries
◆India ranked 177th out of 180 countries in the 2018 Global Environment Performance Index (EPI) rankings of the Yale University [It also slipped by 36 points in 2018 from 141 in 2016]

●Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) has been renamed as the “Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade”[I was like ‘WHY:)
↪It will look into matters related to promotion of internal trade, and their employees, facilitating ease of doing business and start-ups etc.
●Carnot Prize;-
↪is the Kleinman Center’s annual recognition of distinguished contributions to energy policy through scholarship or practice
•Carnot(French scientist) recognised that the power of the steam engine would produce a great revolution in human development
◆Union Minister Piyush Goyal will receive the prestigious Carnot Prize [for directing a fast-track effort to electrify 18,000 villages in remote parts of India]
●Goa introduces tags to protect biodiversity zones;-
↪tag will show that the ingredients used are sourced from the nature. Under this, the sellers are supposed to pay 0.01% of their annual profit to the Goa State Biodiversity Board (GSBB)
●Pradhan Mantri Shram-Yogi Maandhan Yojana;-
↪This scheme shall provide an assured monthly pension of Rs 3,000 from the age of 60 years [Joining at the age of 29 years will have to contribute only Rs 100 per month (₹55 if at 18yr)till the age of 60 years.]
•It is a scheme for the unorganised sector workers with monthly income upto Rs 15,000.
●New panel for welfare of nomadic communities;-
↪committee will be set up under NITI Aayog to complete the task of identifying de-notified, nomadic and semi-nomadic communities.
•Denotified Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes ↪are poorest of the poor, most marginalised and most downtrodden communities who are subject to social stigma, atrocity and exclusion [After India gained Independence, these tribes were ‘de-notified’ from the list of Criminal Tribes]
●Transparency International;-
↪Is an international non-governmental organization based in Berlin, Germany.
Founded in 1993 by a group of individuals who decided to take up a stance against corruption.
↪It conducted a survey to analyse the best practices followed by the states in the Budget Formulation
●INSTEX – Instrument In Support Of Trade Exchanges;-
↪It is a payment mechanism being setup by the European Union to secure trade with Iran and skirt US sanctions after Washington pulled out of the landmark nuclear deal last May
↪INSTEX will allow trade between the EU and Iran without relying on direct financial transactions
●Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty-1987;-↪Treaty required US & Soviet Union to eliminate & permanently forswear all of their nuclear & conventional ground-launched ballistic/ cruise missiles with ranges of 500 to 5,500 KM
•D Trump has announced that he would “terminate” the INF Treaty [US Report that Russia is in violation of its INF Treaty obligations]
●Prompt Corrective Action (PCA);-
↪RBI has issued PCA framework to maintain sound financial health of banks.
↪It facilitates banks in breach of risk thresholds for identified areas of monitoring(capital, asset quality etc.)
• It can even cap a bank’s lending limit to one entity or sector
●Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi;-
↪Under this programme, vulnerable landholding farmer families, having cultivable land upto 2 hectares, will be provided direct income support at the rate of Rs. 6,000 per year
↪income support will be transferred directly into the bank accounts of beneficiary farmers, in three equal installments of Rs. 2,000 each

●New e-commerce policy comes into effect;-
↪All online retailers will be required to maintain a level playing field for all the vendors selling their products on the platform, and it shall not affect the sale prices of goods in any manner
↪ e-commerce retailer shall be deemed to own the inventory of a vendor if over 25 per cent of the purchases of such a vendor are through it.
●Rashtriya Gokul Mission;-
↪objective is to get native breeds to produce more milk, be more fecund, and to raise the quality of Indian cows and bulls to eventually outdo Jerseys and Holsteins
•FM Piyush Goyal announced the allotment of ₹750 crore to the Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM){earlier was around ₹350Cr}
●Guru Padmasambhava;-
↪An international conference about the life and legacy of 8th century Buddhist sage Guru Padmasambhava is being held in New Delhi.
•conference also celebrates the 50 years of diplomatic relations between India and Bhutan
•Thangka paintings, sculptures and photographs portray the life and teachings of the Guru
●Interim Budget 2019 proposed a 10-point vision for 2030
↪Digital India.
↪Pollution free nation
↪Space programme – Gaganyaan
↪Healthy India – Ayushman Bharat Scheme.
↪Minimum Government Maximum Governance. etc.
●National Grid;-{Is maintained by state-owned Power Grid Corporation of India}
↪It is the high-voltage electric power transmission network in mainland India, connecting power stations and major substations and ensuring electricity supply in mainland india
•Andaman& Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep are not connected to the National Grid
◆PM Modi recently dedicated the 220 kV Srinagar- Alusteng – Drass- Kargil – Leh Transmission Line to the Nation.[Ladakh is now connected to the National Grid.]
●Know My India Programme;-{organizing by ‘(NFCH)’}
↪to help the children deal with the post-traumatic stress, provide them life tools to manage their emotions and eliminate disturbing impressions of the past events.
•National Foundation for Communal Harmony(NFCH);-
↪It is an autonomous organization under Mo Home Affairs. [ to provide assistance to the children / youth rendered orphan / destitute in communal, caste, ethnic or terrorist violence]
●Bharat Rang Mahotsav (BRM);-{It is the annual international theatre festival of India organized by “National School of Drama (NSD)”}
↪It was established two decades ago to stimulate the growth and development of theatre across India
●Kerala sets up drug price monitor;-
↪Kerala has become the first State to set up a price monitoring and research unit (PMRU) to track violation of prices of essential drugs and medical devices under “Drugs Price Control Order (DPCO)”
●Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA),2010↪Imposes various conditions on the use of foreign funds and some of them are as follows:
↪All funds received by a NGO must be used only for the purpose for which they were received.
↪Such funds must not be used in speculative activities identified under the Act.
↪Every asset purchased with such fund must be in the name of the NGO and not its office bearers or members etc.
●Millet Village scheme;-
↪It is a special scheme to promote the cultivation of cereals such as millet, ragi, bajra and maize and ensures food security & livelihood for tribals
•Recognising millets’ anti-diabetic properties, the notification called it a “powerhouse of nutrients” and identified several varieties of millets for promotion
[government had hiked MSP of millets so that more and more farmers may opt for cultivation of these less water consuming crops]
◆FAO Council, held in Rome in December 2018, approved India’s proposal to observe an International Year of Millets in 2023.
●World Wetlands Day 2019;-{February 2 }
↪to mark the Day the Convention on Wetlands was adopted in the “Iranian City of Ramsar” in 1971
•Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and wise use of wetlands [India is a party to the Convention since 1982]
◆Wetlands are at risk, from 1900 64% of wetlands around the world have disappeared
●NASA’s Hubble Telescope;-{It was built by NASA, with contributions from the ‘European Space Agency’}
↪Is one of the largest and most versatile
Space Telescope and is well known as both a vital research tool and a public relations boon for astronomy.
◆Using Hubble Telescope astronomers have discovered a dwarf galaxy in a globular cluster which is only 30 million light-years away (this galaxy — nicknamed “Bedin 1”)
●‘Operation Smile-V’;-{initiative launched by Hyderabad Police}
↪Operation Smile also called as Operation Muskaan is an initiative of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) to rescue/rehabilitate missing children
●Nilavembu kudineer;-
↪Under in vitro conditions, nilavembu kudineer (a Siddha medicine) was found to provide protection against chikungunya virus ‘while it was effective as a treatment during acute phase of dengue infection’
●Target Olympic Podium Scheme (TOPS);-{Launched by Ministry of Sports within the ambit of National Sports Development Fund (NSDF)}
↪for providing financial assistance to elite athletes included in TOPS for their customized training in world class training institutes/academies within the country and abroad
●National Service Scheme;-{was launched in Gandhiji’s Centenary year in 1969}
↪It is an Indian government-sponsored public service program conducted by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports,GoI
↪with a view to developing healthy contacts between the students and teachers on the one hand and establishing a constructive linkage between the campus and the community on the other hand
●Draft National River Ganga Bill, 2018;-
↪bill propose to ban the construction of jetties, ports or “permanent hydraulic structures” in the Ganga
•offences marked as cognizable⤵
↪Construction activities causing obstruction in the river.
↪Commercial fishing or aqua culture in the river and its tributaries.
↪Discharging untreated or treated sewage into the river etc.
●Pravasi Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PKVY);-
↪is aimed at skilling Indians seeking employment abroad.[& boosting the confidence of the Indian youth so that they don’t feel like strangers when they land in a country of their choice for vocation]
•Pre-Departure Orientation Training(PDOT) programme {has been launched under PKVY}↪to orient potential migrant workers with regard to language, culture, do’s and don’ts in the destination country
●Rules To Allow Employment of Women in Mines;-
↪the owner of a mine may deploy women between the hours of 7 pm and 6 am in the mine
↪the deployment of women shall be after obtaining the written consent of the concerned woman employee
↪the deployment of women shall be in a group of not less than three etc.
●Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA);-
↪was set up with the objective of strengthening regional cooperation and sustainable development within the Indian Ocean Region
•Members↪India, Australia, Iran, Indonesia, Thailand,Tanzania, South Africa & other IOR nations like Sri lanka, Bangladesh etc.
●National Testing Agency (NTA) has launched a ‘mobile app’(‘NTA Students App’);-
↪ through which students can practice or take mock tests on their own computers or smart phones.
•NTA↪Is an autonomous and self-sustained premier testing organization to conduct entrance examinations for Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in the country
●Elephant corridors;-
↪Elephant corridors are narrow strips of land that connect two large habitats of elephants
•Gaj Yatra’, a nationwide campaign to protect elephants, was launched on the occasion of World Elephant Day in 2017
◆Asian Elephant Alliance, an umbrella initiative by five NGOs, has come together to secure 96 out of the 101 existing corridors used by elephants across 12 States in India
●Angel tax;-
↪is a 30% tax that is levied on the funding received by startups from an external investor
↪It is counted as income to the company and is taxed
•Currently upto ₹10 crore are eligible for exemption from the tax [The government is planning to raise this limit to ₹25 crore.]
●Hoveizeh long-range cruise missile;-
↪Iran has announced the successful test flight of Hoveizeh long-range cruise missile
↪It is designed to use against ground targets
●Rashtriya Vayoshri Yojana (RVY);-
↪aims at providing free of cost ‘assisted-living devices’ which can restore near normalcy in their bodily functions to Senior Citizens, belonging to BPL category and suffering from any of the age related disability/infirmity Low vision, Hearing impairment etc.
•As far as possible, 30% of the beneficiaries in each district shall be women
●2nd Asia LPG Summit;-{held in New Delhi}
↪summit is being organized by the World LPG Association (WLPGA) & others
↪WLPGA promotes the use of LPG to foster a cleaner, healthier and more prosperous world
●Safe City project;-
↪Empowered Committee of Officers for Nirbhaya funds scheme has approved pilot Safe City projects in eight selected metropolitan cities Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad & Lucknow with a view “to provide safety to women in public places”
•Setting up an Integrated Smart Control Room
•Pink Patrols of Women police
•Integration of Women power-help line with single Emergency number etc.
●Who are Sentinelese?;-
↪are a negrito tribe who live on the North Sentinel Island of the Andamans.
↪their numbers are believed to be less than 150 and as low as 40.
[Every foreigner, except citizen of Bhutan, who desires to enter & stay in protected or restricted area, is required to obtain special permit]
●Magnetic north pole drifting fast towards Russia
•Earth has two north poles- magnetic and geographic.
1.Geographic north pole↪ It is northern axis around which the earth rotates and is fixed.(located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean.)
2.The Magnetic North Pole (also known as the North Dip Pole)↪ is a point on Ellesmere Island in Northern Canada where the northern lines of attraction enter the Earth.
◆Since then the magnetic north pole has been moving across the Canadian Arctic towards Russia, and has moved hundreds of miles over the last several decades. This phenomenon is known as the “Polar Shift Theory”
●Kisan Credit Card Scheme;-
↪KCC Scheme was announced in the Budget speech of 1998-99 to fulfil the financial requirements of the farmers at various stages of farming through institutional credit.
↪To provide adequate and timely credit support from the banking system to the farmers at the cheap rate of interest
•There are around 6.95 crore active KCCs.
•Card valid for 5 years subject to annual review
•Also give insurance upto ₹50 thousands in case of disabilities[ I read somewhere]
●India’s communication satellite GSAT-31;-{launched from French Guiana}
↪India’s 40th communication satellite and derives its heritage from ISROs earlier INSAT/GSAT satellite series
↪It has a unique configuration of providing flexible frequency segments and flexible coverage. (Hence, it will provide communication services to Indian mainland and islands)
●Flamingo sanctuary:
↪A committee, chaired by Union Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan, has “accorded wildlife clearance👀!! to the Mumbai-Ahmedabad high speed train corridor” that encroaches upon a flamingo sanctuary and the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the home to leopards, in Mumbai
•Sanjay Gandhi National Park;-{near IIT Bombay}
↪is spread over three districts – Palgar ( my village), Thane and Mumbai Suburb.& is home to a number of endangered species of flora
●Sangeet Natak Akademi;-{was set up in 1952}
↪ India’s national academy for music, dance and drama – is the first National Academy of the arts set-up by the Republic of India
•Each year the Academy awards Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowships, Ratna Sadsya, to distinguished individuals for their contribution to the field of arts, music, dance and theatre
●In agriculture Census, the operational holdings are categorised in five size classes as follows⤵
•Marginal: Below 1 hectare.[56 million land holder out total 138 millions]
•Small: 1- 2 hectare.[18 millions]
•Semi- Medium: 2- 4 hectare.[13 millions]
•Medium: 4 -10 hectare.
•Large: 10 hectare and above[0.73% of total land holder]
•India’s total Operated area↪158.32 ha [& average size of operational holding is 1.16 ha ,In which female operational holders are only 12.79%☹]
●Siamese fighting fish;-
↪is named Thailand’s national aquatic animal
↪Known in the West as a “betta fish”, the underwater brawler is popular in home aquariums for its iridescent body and many-hued tail.
•IUCN status↪Vulnerable

●Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Bill, 2018;-
↪aim to strengthen the Bill in its objective to effectively tackle the menace of illicit deposit taking activities in the country
•“Deposit Takers”↪ include all possible entities (including individuals) receiving or soliciting deposits, except specific entities such as those incorporated by legislation
●Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog;-
↪for conservation, protection and development of cattle population in the country including development and conservation of indigenous breeds.
•Cabinet approved the proposal for establishment of Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog Under ‘Rashtriya Gokul Mission (Allocated ₹750 crore)
●National Institutes of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship and Management, Bill, 2019;-{at Kundli, Haryana}
↪It would enable the institutes to provide world class teaching and research experience by adopting innovative practices
●A unified authority for regulating all financial services in IFSCs;-
↪unified financial regulator for IFSCs in India would provide world class regulatory environment to financial market participants.(This also be essential from an ease of doing business perspective.)
•first IFSC in India has been set up at GIFT City, Gandhinagar, Gujarat
•IFSC enables would provide Indian corporates easier access to global financial markets. (IFSC would also compliment and promote further development of financial markets in India.)
●proposal for Abolition of Institution of Income-Tax Ombudsman and Indirect Tax Ombudsman;-
↪institution of Ombudsman could not prove to be more effective than regular existing parallel channels of grievance redressal
•Institution of Income-Tax Ombudsman was created in the year 2003
●Agri-Market Infrastructure Fund (AMIF);-
↪fund will be created with NABARD for development and up-gradation of agricultural marketing infrastructure
•AMIF will provide the State/UT Governments subsidized loan for their proposal for developing marketing infrastructure
●‘Darwaza Band – Part 2’ Campaign;-
↪campaign talks about how a toilet must be used by all, always and under all circumstances (har koi, har roz, hamesha)
↪50 crore people stopped defecating in the open since the launch of the SBM and [with over 5.5 lakh villages having already been declared ODF (Open Defecation Free)],
• the national sanitation coverage is now in excess of 98%.
●Supreme Court has agreed to examine the possibility of imposing curbs on advocates airing their views in the media
↪about pending cases and the judges handling them [Some lawyers rush to the media as soon as their petition was filed to gain media attention]
●Delhi government launches ‘zero fatality corridor’;-
↪It has also issued actionable points to all agencies to ensure a 10% reduction in road accidents by the end of the year
●Hera mission;-{by “European Space Agency”}
↪is set for a new record by becoming the first spacecraft to explore a binary asteroid — the Didymos pair
•The moon orbiting Didymos, called ‘Didymoon’ — almost the size of the Giza Pyramid in Egypt, measuring just 160 metres in diametre — will be the smallest asteroid ever explored
●Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) system;-
↪When a voter presses a button in the EVM, a paper slip is printed through the VVPAT.
↪The slip contains the poll symbol and name of the candidate
↪VVPAT machines can be accessed by polling officers only
●Andaman and Nicobar Islands Integrated Development Corporation Limited (ANIIDCL);-
↪was incorporated on 28th June 1988 under the Companies Act 1956 for rapid economic growth of the Islands
•Chief Secretary, A&N Administration is the chairman of the Corporation
●India’s first “career portal” has been launched in Rajasthan;-
↪It is aimed at addressing the needs of secondary and higher secondary students for information on scholarships and career choices
●Parmanu Tech 2019;-{organised by the Ministry of External Affairs and Department of Atomic Energy (DAE)}
↪conference discussed issues related to Nuclear Energy and Radiation Technologies
●‘Freedom of the City of London’ Award;-
↪State Bank of India’s UK head “Sanjiv Chadha” has been honoured with the ‘Freedom of the City of London’ award in recognition of his contribution to promoting the bilateral relations.
•Award is traced to the medieval time of around 1237. The honour enabled recipients to carry out their trade.
●Motion of thanks to President’s Address;-
↪The President makes an address to a joint sitting of Parliament at the start of the Budget session, which is prepared by the government and lists its achievements
↪The address is followed by a motion of thanks moved in each House by ruling party MPs
◆Members of Parliament vote on this motion of thanks. This motion must be passed in both of the houses.
↪A failure to get motion of thanks passed amounts to defeat of government and leads to collapse of government. [This is why, the Motion of Thanks is deemed to be a no-confidence motion]
●Small Grants Programme(SGP);-{It was launched in 1992 with 33 participating countries.}
↪It aims to support vulnerable communities through community led approaches towards environmental conservation & livelihoods enhancement.
•It is currently implemented by UNDP on behalf of the GEF partnership
●Ujjwala Utsav↪ observed recently to celebrate the stellar role played by various stakeholders in making PMUY a success
•Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana(PMUY) ↪aims to provide LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) connections to poor households [identified through the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) ]
•A report from the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare places Household Air Pollution (HAP) as the second leading risk factor contributing to India’s disease burden.

●River Information System;-
↪It is a combination of modern tracking equipment related hardware and software designed to optimize traffic and transport processes in inland navigation
◆To boost cargo movement on Ganga, the second phase of river information system (RIS) was recently inaugurated between Farakka(WB) and Patna
●The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria;-{or simply the Global Fund}
↪Is an international financing organization that aims to “attract, leverage and invest additional resources to end the epidemics of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria to support attainment of SDGs
•organization maintains its secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland
●Macedonia has signed accession papers with NATO;-
↪signing of accession papers allows Macedonia take part in NATO ministerial meetings as an invitee [To acquire full membership, all 29 current members must ratify the accession protocol]
•Russia has raised concerns against Macedonia becoming part of NATO. [because NATO’s membership provides a guarantee of mutual defence, provides a welcome insurance policy against possible incursions]
•North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO) ;-{North Atlantic Alliance)
↪It is an intergovernmental military alliance.
↪Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949.
•HQ — Brussels, Belgium
Unlawful Activities  (Prevention) Act (UAPA);-
↪This law is aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India
◆Union Home Ministry has banned the Tehreek-ul-Mujahideen (TuM) under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act for promoting terrorism
•Set up in the 1990s, TuM claims to be fighting for the “liberation of Kashmir.”
●Women’s Global Development and Prosperity Initiative;-{Launched by the US}
↪It aims to coordinate current programs and develop new ones to assist women in areas such as job training, financial support, and legal or regulatory reforms.
•It seeks to reach 50 million women in the developing world by 2025
•It is a government wide project led by the senior adviser and daughter to President Donald Trump- Ivanka Trump
●Kerala to get country’s 2nd longest rail tunnel;-
•10.7-km railway line, including a 9.02-km tunnel, has been proposed to connect the upcoming “Vizhinjam International Multipurpose Deepwater Seaport to the railway network”(mooted by Konkan Railway Corporation Ltd (KRCL)
•11.26-km Pir Panjal rail tunnel, connecting Banihal and Hillar Shahabad, is the longest
●LAIRCM Self-Protection Suites;-
↪US has approved a foreign military sale to India — two 777 Large Aircraft Infrared Countermeasures (LAIRCM) Self-Protection Suites (SPS), [for an estimated $190 million]
•LAIRCM is a programme meant to protect large aircraft from man-portable missiles
●Dard Aryans;-
↪are a group of Indo-Aryan peoples found predominantly in northern Pakistan, north India, and eastern Afghanistan
•They might have descended from soldiers in Alexander’s army who had come to the region over 2,000 years ago
•The word ‘Dard’ is derived from a Sanskrit word, ‘Daradas’, which means people who live on hillsides.
●Exercise Cutlass Express 2019;-
↪It is an exercise designed to assess and improve combined maritime law enforcement capacity, promote national and regional security in East Africa
◆Sponsored by U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) and is conducted by U.S. Naval Forces Africa
●Government e Marketplace (GeM) and Competition Commission of India (CCI) entered into a MoU to enable a fair and competitive environment in the e-Marketplace.
•GeM aims to enhance transparency, efficiency and speed in public procurement
•CCI↪Is a statutory body to prevent activities that have an adverse effect on competition
●Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR);-
↪It is a missile propulsion technology jointly developed by India and Russia.
•Ramjet↪ is a form of air-breathing jet engine that uses the vehicle’s forward motion to compress incoming air for combustion without a rotating compressor
•DRDO successfully flight tested the second indigenously developed ‘SFDR’ propulsion based missile system.
●Convention on the conservation of migratory species of wild animals(CMS);-
↪13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on the conservation of migratory species of wild animals (CMS) is going to be hosted by India during 15th to 22nd February, 2020 at Gandhinagar in Gujarat.
 •CMS is only global and UN-based intergovernmental organization established exclusively for conservation and management of terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species
●National Deworming Day (NDD);-
↪is observed bi-annually on 10th February and 10th August in all states and UTs followed by mop-up activities
•It is a single fixed-day approach to treating intestinal worm infections in all children aged 1- 19 years.
•NDD program is a cost-effective program at scale that continues to reach crores of children and adolescents with deworming benefits through a safe medicine Albendazole
●Drugs Technical Advisory Board;-
↪is highest statutory decision-making body on technical matters related to drugs in the country.( It is constituted as per the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940)
◆Centre, in a notification, has said that medical devices — all implantable devices, CT Scan, PET and MRI equipment, defibrillators, dialysis machines and bone marrow separators — will be treated as drugs for human beings with effect from April 1, 2020.
●The Constitution (125th Amendment)Bill;-
↪to increase the financial and executive powers of the 10 Autonomous Councils in the Sixth Schedule areas of the northeastern region [amendment will impact one crore tribal people in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.]
•proposed amendments provide for elected village municipal councils, ensuring democracy at the grassroot level.
●Arundhati scheme;-{by Assam govt.}
↪aims to provide 1 Tola Gold to brides 【very good sahi ja raho ho👏]belonging to all such communities of Assam where it is customary to provide gold at the time of the wedding
•scheme is limited for economically weaker sections, whose annual income is below Rs 5 lakh.
◆scheme is named after Arundhati, wife of great sage Basistha.[ The government has set aside Rs 300 cr has been for the implementation]
●Generalised System of Preferences (GSP);-
↪is a U.S. trade program designed to promote economic growth in the developing world by providing preferential duty-free entry for up to 4,800 products
•President Trump is planning to withdraw the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) from India
•GSP removal will leave a reasonable impact on India as the country enjoyed preferential tariff on exports worth of nearly $ 5. 6 billion under the GSP route out of the total exports of $48 bn in 2017-18
●International IP Index 2019;-{released by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce’s Global Innovation Policy Center (GIPC).}
↪Index evaluates the IP infrastructure in each economy based on 45 unique indicators, which are critical to the growth of effective IP systems.(patents, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, enforcement etc.
●Asiatic Lion Conservation Project;-
↪project include undertaking “habitat improvement” measures, making more sources of water available, creating a wildlife crime cell etc.
↪It would also involve having in place a GPS-based tracking system
•Asiatic Lions are listed as ‘Endangered’ under the IUCN Red List
●Govt. grants divisional status to Ladakh;-
↪It will comprise Leh and Kargil districts, with headquarters at Leh. [Earlier, Ladakh was a part of the Kashmir division.]
•With this, there shall be three administrative units of Jammu(26,293 sq. km ) ,Kashmir(15,948 sq. km)
and Ladakh(86,909 sq. km) in the State
●Sela Tunnel Project in Arunachal Pradesh;-

↪Once the 12.04-km tunnel is complete it will give a fillip to the overall development of the area as it will provide all-weather connectivity to Tawang and other areas.
[It will also reduce the travelling time from Tezpur to Tawang ]
•project ,costing Rs 687 crore would be completed in the next three years
●Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facility;-
↪to ensure energy security, the Government of India had decided to set up 5 million metric tons (MMT) of strategic crude oil storages at three locations namely, Visakhapatnam, Mangalore and Padur (near Udupi)
◆PM recently dedicated to the nation, 1.33 MMT Visakhapatnam Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) facility of Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserve Limited (ISPRL)
●Cremica Food Park is the first mega food park of Himachal Pradesh. (The Park is located at Village Singhain Una District of Himachal Pradesh). (It is set up at a cost of Rs 107.34 crore)
•Mega Food Park;-
↪aims at providing a mechanism to link agricultural production to the market by bringing together farmers, processors and retailers
•India’s first mega food park ‘Srini Mega Food Park’, sprawling 147-acre space, was opened in Chittoor in Andhra Pradesh in 2012.
●Nirbhaya fund;-
↪₹ 1,000 crore Nirbhaya Fund was announced in Union Budget 2013
↪the corpus was to be utilised for upholding safety and dignity of women.
•Fund is administered by Department of Economic Affairs of the finance ministry

●Open Acreage Licensing Programme (OALP);-
↪It provides uniform licences for exploration and production of all forms of hydrocarbons, enabling contractors to explore conventional as well as unconventional oil and gas resources [Is a part of govt. Hydrocarbon Exploration & Licensing Policy (HELP) ]
↪this will boost domestic production.
●RBI restructuring package for small businesses
↪is a one-time scheme wherein a loan tenor and interest rate can be revised without classifying the asset as a NPA.[The facility is available for standard advances of up to Rs 25 crore only]
•What was the issue with MSMEs (micro, small and medium enterprises) ?
↪SMEs were the worst hit among various industry segments following demonetisation and implementation of GST
●Forest Rights Act;-
↪act was passed in December 2006. It deals with the rights of forest-dwelling communities over land and other resources
↪The Act provides that the gram sabha, or village assembly, will initially pass a resolution recommending whose rights to which resources should be recognised
◆Odisha State Food Commission has again asked the State government to expedite implementation of the Forest Rights Act, 2006, that would help ensure food and nutritional security to the vulnerable section of society
●Vat Cau festival;-{in Vietnam}
↪Vat Cau is a centuries-old sport which began as a training exercise for soldiers in “Vietnam” and contains elements of wrestling and rugby
●Abu Dhabi includes Hindi as third official court language;-🙂
↪Abu Dhabi has included Hindi as the third official language used in its courts, alongside Arabic and English, as part of a move designed to improve access to justice
•Indian community in the UAE, numbering 2.6 million, constitutes 30% of the total population
●DD Arunprabha;-
↪ It is a dedicated 24×7 Satellite channel for Arunachal Pradesh launched recently. It is the 24th satellite channel operated by Doordarshan
●Film and Television Institute (FTI);-
↪The permanent campus of Film and Television Institute will come up at Jollang-Rakap (Jote), Papum Pare, “Arunachal Pradesh”.
↪It will be the first Film and Television Institute of entire North-East
↪It will provide a boost to the talented youngsters of the North-East in film and television sector.
↪ It is a mobile application launched by the Ministry of Textiles for quality certification in silkworm seed sector
●Helina-Anti Tank Missile;-
↪ The Helicopter-launched anti-tank missile Helina was successfully test fired from the Integrated Test Range in Chandipur in Balasore district of Odisha
●India-Norway Marine Pollution Initiative;-
↪Initiative will combat marine pollution, which is one of the fastest growing environmental concerns
↪It will also work towards beach clean-up efforts, awareness raising campaigns and pilot project using plastic waste as fuel substitution for coal in cement production.
●Protection and Safeguard Land Rights of Scheduled Tribes;-
↪“Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013” (RFCTLARR Act, 2013) safeguards against displacement of Scheduled Tribes
↪“The Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996”, also provides that the Gram Sabha or the Panchayats at the appropriate level shall be consulted before making the acquisition of land in the Scheduled Areas
↪“The Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987” provides for legal services to members of Scheduled Tribes
●GiveItUp’ campaign;-
↪‘Give it Up’ scheme encourages well-to-do households to voluntarily give up their liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) subsidy so that it could be targeted to the poor
•nearly 1.04 crore LPG consumers have voluntarily surrendered their LPG subsidy under ‘GiveItUp’ campaign👀
●Promotion and Protection of Maithili Language and its scripts;-
•Mithilakshar or Tirhuta is the script of broader cultural Mithila. It is an extremely ancient script and is one of the scripts of the broader North Eastern India.[scripts of Mithilaksar, Bangla, Assamese, Nebari, Odia and Tibetan are part of the family]
•committee constituted to prepare audio-visual teaching materials for teaching the Mithilakshar scripts & to establish a Script and Manuscript Centre at Darbhanga etc.
●Global Housing Technology Challenge-India (GHTC- India);-
↪Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs has instituted a challenge for States/ UTs to select six sites across the country for constructing the Lighthouse projects under GHTC-India
↪In addition to this, a Technology Innovation Grant (TIG) for the States/ UTs is provisioned to offset the impact of any additional cost implication due to the use of new technology
●Defence Innovation Hubs;-{set up under Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) framework}
↪These will serve as platforms where innovators can get information about needs and feedback from the Services directly and create solutions for India’s major defence platforms
•iDEX framework has announced setting up of two Defence Innovation Hubs (DIHs) in Tamil Nadu (Coimbatore) and Maharashtra (Nashik)
●National Productivity Week;-{February 12-18}
↪to promote productivity culture in India
•National Productivity Council (NPC)↪Is an autonomous,multipartite, non-profit organization registered society under Ministry of Commerce & Industry [established in1958]
●Bill to counter exploitation by NRI spouses;-
↪According to the new Bill, a marriage between an NRI and an Indian citizen will have to be registered within 30 days from the date of marriage
↪It is expected that the Bill will serve as a deterrent for NRI spouses, who use marriages as a tool of exploitation
●Akshaya Patra Foundation;-
↪Is a “Bengaluru”-based not-for-profit organisation that works with the government on mid-day meal schemes.[ It has a state-of-the-art kitchen in Vrindavan]
◆Today, Akshaya Patra is the world’s largest (not-for-profit run) Mid-Day Meal Programme serving wholesome food every school day to over 1.76 million children from 14,702 schools
●National Gas Grid;-
↪To remove regional imbalance within the country with regard to access for natural gas and provide clean and green fuel throughout the country.
•Union Government has envisaged the development of City Gas Distribution Networks in various cities for the supply of CNG and PNG
●1st LAWASIA Human Rights Conference;-
↪organised by LAWASIA, in association with the Bar Association of India
↪conference aims to provide a unique opportunity for lawyers and associated professional members to exchange insights and expertise on topics of significant importance to all
●African Union;-
↪is a continental union consisting of 55 countries of the continent of Africa, with exception of various territories of European possessions located in Africa
•Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi has taken over as the chair of the African Union (AU).[ The post of AU’s chair rotates annually between the five regions of the continent.]
•AU’s secretariat, the African Union Commission, is based in Addis Ababa,Ethiopia
●40th anniversary of Iran revolution;-
↪also known as Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution, was a series of events involving the overthrow of the monarch of Iran [reason for the revolution was to stop the oppression under the western secular policies.(movement against the United States-backed monarchy)]
●DRDO’s ‘Dare to Dream’ contest;-
↪Is a contest to encourage startups and individuals to come up with innovative defence and aerospace technologies.
●‘Sarthi Sandesh Vahini’ mission;-{launched by UP}
↪is a mission started by the state family welfare department with an aim to spread awareness regarding “family planning” in urban and rural areas.
[family planning information to the viewers through various documentaries and films]
●5th International Dam Safety Conference–2019;-{held in Bhubaneswar}
↪Is a joint initiative of the Government of India, Government of Odisha and the World Bank
↪Dam professionals, academicians, scientists, as well as industries both from within the country and from around the world gather to deliberate on all aspects related to dam safety and the solutions that worked best in addressing dam safety concerns
•About 80% of our large dams are over twenty-five years old
●Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahaabhiyan or KUSUM scheme;-
↪aims to promote use of solar energy among the farmers
↪Solarization of existing grid-connected agriculture pumps to make farmers independent of grid supply and also sell surplus solar power generated to Discom and get extra income.
●Cinematograph (Amendment) Bill, 2019;-
↪Bill seeks to amend provisions of Cinematograph Act, 1952, in order to tackle film piracy by including penal provisions for unauthorized camcording and duplication of films
•bill proposes to make film piracy offences punishable with imprisonment of up to three years and fines that may extend to ₹10 lakh or both
●Swachh Shakti Programme;-{launched in 2017}
↪is a national event which aims to bring in to focus the leadership role played by rural women in Swachh Bharat Mission.
↪programme is attended by women panchs and sarpanchs from across the country.
●7th annual World Government Summit;-{ is being held in Dubai (UAE)}
↪is a global platform dedicated to shaping the future of government worldwide
[It is basically a knowledge exchange center at the intersection between government, futurism, technology, and innovation]
●Minority Status of Aligarh Muslim University;-
↪In 1981, an amendment was brought in to accord the university minority status [which was held as unconstitutional by the Allahabad High Court]
↪Attorney General had told the Supreme Court that the Aligarh Muslim University could not be categorised as a minority institution.
•Now,Supreme Court has referred the petition seeking withdrawal of minority status of the Aligarh Muslim University to a seven-judge bench
•In St Stephens vs Delhi University case, 1992, SC ruled that these institutions(Minority) can have 50% seats reserved for minorities
●Formalin in Fish;-
↪Formalin is a toxic, colourless solution that is derived by dissolving formaldehyde gas in water.
↪It is a cancer-inducing chemical used to preserve fish
•Formaldehyde is a highly reactive, flammable gas
◆Bihar’s health department has imposed a blanket ban for 15 days on sale of fish from Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal
●Minimum support for minor forest produce;-
↪Minor Forest Produce (MFP) is a major source of livelihood for tribals living in forest areas
•It provides them critical subsistence during the lean seasons, particularly for primitive tribal groups such as hunter gatherers, and the landless [which is aimed at benefiting a majority of 10 crore tribals]
●1st Aqua Mega Food Park in Andhra Pradesh;-
↪government has commissioned Godavari Mega Aqua Food Park at Tundurru Village in Bhimavaram Mandal, “West Godavari District”, Andhra Pradesh.
↪This is the 1st Mega Aqua Food Park operationalised exclusively established for fish and marine products processing in the State of Andhra Pradesh
●Mohar reservoir project;-{in Balod district,Chhattisgarh}
↪Mohar reservoir project is proposed across the confluence of river Dangarh and Dalekasa with a catchment of 143 square km
●Crying Keelback;-
↪Researchers find new snake in Arunachal- Crying Keelback (named for the mark below its eyes, that gives the illusion that it is crying) snake or the Hebius lacrim

●Personal Laws (Amendment) Bill 2019;-
↪Bill seeks to remove leprosy as a ground for divorce [Leprosy is being removed as a ground for divorce as it is now a curable disease as against the earlier notion of it being incurable]
◆20th Law Commission of India in its 256th Report titled “Eliminating Discrimination Against Persons Affected by Leprosy”
•Leprosy↪is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae View — uploads.disquscdn.com
●Credit Linked Capital Subsidy and Technology Upgradation Scheme”;-
↪objective of the Scheme is to facilitate technology up-gradation in MSMEs by providing an upfront capital subsidy
[revised scheme aims at facilitating technology up-gradation by providing 15% up front capital subsidy to MSMEs, including tiny, khadi etc.]
●National Commission for Safai Karmacharis;-{established in 1993}
↪for welfare of Safai Karamcharis, study and evaluate the existing welfare programmes for SafaiKaramcharis, investigate cases of specific grievances etc.
●e-AUSHADHI portal;-{launched by Ministry of State (IC) for AYUSH. “IC?”}
↪is intended for increased transparency, improved information management facility, improved data usability and increased accountability.[for online licensing of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy drugs and related matters]
●Citizenship, Triple Talaq Bills Lapse in Rajya Sabha as House Adjourns Sine Die;-
↪When the Lok Sabha is dissolved, all business including bills, motions, resolutions, notices, petitions and so on pending before it or its committees lapse [Articles 107 and 108 of the Indian Constitution deal with these provisions]
●National Board for Wildlife (NBWL);-
↪It is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972
•Its roles is “advisory” in nature [Primary function of the Board is to promote the conservation and development of wildlife and forests.]
●Trans-fatty acids (TFAs);-
↪are the most harmful type of fats [are largely produced artificially but a small amount also occurs naturally]
↪Trans-fats consumption increases the risk of developing heart disease & stroke
•Heart Attack Rewind;-{media campaign }
↪a 30-second public service announcement, will be broadcast in 17 languages for a period of four weeks on YouTube, Facebook, Hotstar, and Voot
●Ghumot to be declared Goa’s heritage musical instrument;-
↪Ghumot is an indigenous earthen drum fashioned as a designed clay pot, with the skin of the monitor lizard stretched taut across the pot’s mouth, forming a drumhead
●Exercise Topchi;-{held at Deolali near Nashik}
↪It is an annual exercise held by “Indian Army” to showcase its artillery firepower, aviation and surveillance capabilities.
●38th Cobra Gold Military Exercise;-
↪is a Thai-American initiative with an aim to improve coordination between the armed forces
•India joined this exercise for the first time in 2016 while China was admitted for the first time in 2015 but was only allowed to participate in humanitarian assistance training
•It was first held in 1982 and its headquarters is in Bangkok, Thailand
●National Minimum Wage;-
↪government-appointed expert committee has proposed doubling the national-level minimum wage for a worker in the country to ₹9,750 a month, up from a floor of ₹ 4,576 at present
•It also proposes minimum wage should include reasonable expenditure on ‘essential non-food items
●Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban;-{launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA)}
↪Mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme verticals
•government is providing an interest subsidy of 6.5% on housing loans which can be availed by beneficiaries for 15 years from start of loan date
◆Government has launched a Mobile App to Allow Beneficiaries to Capture & Upload Photographs of Completed Houses under PMAY- U
●Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-Dhan Yojana;-
↪is a voluntary and contributory pension scheme that will engage as many as 42 crore workers in the unorganised sector
↪Workers with income of less than Rs 15,000 per month and who belong to the entry age group of 18-40 years, will be eligible for the scheme (pension of Rs 3000 per month after attaining the age of 60 years)
●Dolphin census;-{carried out in Odisha by the state’s forest and environment department}
↪Population declined from 469 in 2018 to 259 this year.
•Gahirmatha is the home of the state’s largest dolphin population, having 126 animals
•IUCN Red List↪ as ‘Endangered’
●WHO issues new international standard for music devices;-
↪aim behind the move is to prevent young people from going deaf
•Nearly 50% of people aged 12-35 years — or 1.1 billion young people — are at risk of hearing loss due to audio devices
•Over five per cent of the world’s population — or 466 million people — has disabling hearing loss
●Oxytocin;-(also called “love hormone”)
↪Is a hormone that is made in the brain(produced by hypothalamus)
↪It plays a role in social bonding,sexual reproduction in both sexes, and during and after childbirth
•why banned↪due to misuse of hormone in dairy industry
●Wasted effort: half of India’s waste-to-energy plants defunct;-
↪fundamental reason (for the inefficiency of these plants) is the quality and composition of waste. MSW (municipal solid waste) in India has low calorific value and high moisture content
↪Waste-to-Energy is still a new concept in the country
●World Sustainable Development Summit;-{held in New Delhi. & organized by The Energy and Resources Institute – TERI}
↪It provides a platform for global leaders and practitioners to discuss and deliberate over climatic issues of universal importance
•TERI is a leading think tank dedicated to conducting research for sustainable development of India and the Global South
↪Scientists have found that nanoparticles of selenium, an essential micronutrient, can be used as an antibacterial agent
↪It may be more effective than antibiotics as they have a larger surface area and therefore can be more in contact with the external environment.
●LADIS – Least Available Depth Information System;-{launched by Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI)}
↪It will ensure that real-time data on least available depths is disseminated for ship/barge and cargo owners so that they can undertake transportation on NWs in a more planned way
•to facilitate the day to day operations of inland vessels plying on National Waterways
●Pahari Dam Modernization Project;-{situated on Dhasan River in Jhansi district}
•Dhasan River is a right bank tributary of the Betwa River.( The river originates in Madhya Pradesh)

●Tagore Award for Cultural Harmony;-
↪award carries an amount of ₹1 crore, a citation in a scroll, a plaque as well as an exquisite traditional handicraft/ handloom item.[The award is open to all persons regardless of nationality, race, language, caste, creed or sex]
•this annual award was instituted by the Government of India during the commemoration of 150th Birth Anniversary of Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore
●Vande Bharat Express;-
↪It is India’s first indigenously built engineless semi-high speed train.( Earlier, it was known by the name Train 18.)
•It runs between Delhi and Varanasi at a maximum speed of 160 kmph.
•It is energy-efficient as its coaches will be fitted with LED lights.It is provided with Bio toilets [train is a 100% ‘Make in India’ project ]
●Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2018;-
↪Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial Act, 1951 provided for the erection of a National Memorial in memory of those killed or wounded on April 13, 1919, in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar
•2018 amendment bill removes the President of the Indian National Congress as a Trustee.[It clarifies that when there is no Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha, the leader of the single largest opposition party in the Lok Sabha will be the Trustee]
●Why only bureaucrats on information panels, asks SC;-
↪Supreme Court has observed that the Central Information Commission (CIC) and State Information Commissions have “official bias” in favour of bureaucrats and government employees in the process of appointment.
•In fact, the selection committee, which shortlists candidates for appointment, is itself composed of government employees
◆ apex court has directed the government to look beyond bureaucrats and appoint professionals from “all walks of life,” including eminent persons with wide knowledge and experience in law, science and technology, social service etc.
●India has revoked the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status of Pakistan (bestowed in 1996);-
↪MFN is a treatment accorded to a trade partner to ensure non-discriminatory trade between two countries vis-a-vis other trade partners
◆Revoking MFN means India can levy whatever import tariffs it wants. India can now make it very expensive for Pakistan to export its goods or services to India
●NASA’s Mars Rover Opportunity Concludes a 15-Year Mission;-
↪This marked the conclusion of the 15-year saga. The decision to end the mission was made after all the efforts to restore contact with the “Opportunity Mars rover” didn’t yield desired results
↪A historic global dust storm reached the location of the Opportunity rover on Mars. The storm darkened the skies and cut off of the rover’s solar power
●First District Cooling System of India to come up in Amaravati;-
↪District cooling systems produce chilled water, steam or hot water at a central plant and then pipe that energy out (either underground or over rooftops) to buildings for air conditioning, space heating and water heating.
【As a result, these buildings don’t require their own chillers, air conditioners, boilers or furnaces.】
●National Commission for STs (NCST);-{was established by amending Article 338 and inserting a new Article 338A through 89th Amendment Act, 2003.}
↪NCST is empowered to investigate and monitor matters relating to safeguards provided for STs under the Constitution or under other laws or under Govt. order
•Commission submits its report to the President annually
●Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme;-
↪Is being organized by the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD), Mo Social Justice and Empowerment
↪to create an enabling environment to ensure equal opportunities, equity, social justice and empowerment of persons with disabilities (by providing financial assistance to voluntary organizations)
●Eco Circuit;-↪ Is one of the fifteen thematic circuits identified for development under ‘Swadesh Darshan Scheme’- Integrated development of theme- based tourist circuits in the country
•Swadesh Darshan’ scheme with an objective to develop theme-based tourist circuits in the country.[The scheme is 100% centrally funded for the project components undertaken for public funding.]
●Guidelines on Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure;-
↪A public charging station should be on both sides of the highways or roads on every 25 km
•In the first phase, to be completed by 2021, mega cities — with a population of over 4 million as per the 2011 census — will be covered
◆centre estimates that 25% of total vehicles on roads will be electric vehicles by 2030.
●Karnataka government has decided to give primacy to “Kannadigas” in jobs under Group C and D category in the private sector;-
↪100% reservation for Kannadigas in all state government departments and PSUs.
↪100% reservation for Kannadigas for Group C and D jobs in Central government departments and PSUs etc.

●Scientists have discovered massive mountains in the Earth’s mantle;-
↪located between upper and lower mantle
↪Scientists used data from an enormous earthquake in Bolivia to find mountains and other topography on a layer located 660 km straight down, which separates the upper and lower mantle.[researchers simply call it “the 660-km boundary.”]
●Finance Commission of India;-
↪Is constituted by the President under article 280 of the Constitution, mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves
•It is the duty of the Commission to make
principles which should govern the grants-in-aid of the revenues of the States out of the Consolidated Fund of India &
↪measures needed to augment Consolidated Fund of a State to supplement the resources of the Panchayats and Municipalities etc.
●International Court of Justice(ICJ);-
↪Is the principal judicial body of the UN. Established in 1946
↪It has two primary functions
1)to settle legal disputes submitted by States
2) to act as an advisory board on issues submitted to it by authorized international organizations
●A new rainfed agriculture atlas;-{recently released by Revitalising Rainfed Agriculture (RRA) Network.}
↪atlas not only maps the agro biodiversity and socio-economic conditions prevailing in such areas, but also attempts to document the policy biases that are making farming unviable for many in these areas.
•Three out of five farmers in India grow their crops using rainwater, instead of irrigation
•There has been “negligence” toward rainfed areas which is leading to lower incomes for farmers in these areas
●EXERCISE VAYU SHAKTI-2019;-{was held recently in Rajasthan}
↪It demonstrates the IAF’s ability to strike targets on the ground such as enemy convoys and tanks, radar stations, railway yards and military headquarters
•Vayu Shakti is held by Indian Airforce
●blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra);-
↪ is an antelope indigenous to the India plains. Also found in India, Nepal and Pakistan
•It is considered to be the fastest animal next to Cheetah. •IUCN red list↪”Least Concern”

●Initiatives on women’s safety conceptualized;-{ by the WCD Ministry}
•Penic button⤵
↪On the smart phones, the power button when pressed three times quickly.
↪Dialing 112 from any phone.
↪In case of feature phones, long press of the touch key 5 or 9.
↪Using 112 India Mobile App.
•Safe City Implementation Monitoring (SCIM) portal;-{by MoHA}
↪to facilitate States to monitor and manage the Safe City projects and avoid duplication on ground(like Improving street lighting and public toilet facilities for women)
•DNA Analysis Facilities in States:
↪In view of the complaints of delay in cases of sexual assault investigation
●‘Prevalence and Extent of Substance Use in India’- survey;-{conducted by the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry in collaboration with ‘AIIMS’}
•India is home to six crore alcohol addicts
•but unfortunately only less than 3% of the people with drinking problem get any treatment
•There is a large number of people in the country addicted to various drugs. [More than 3.1 crore Indians (2.8%) ]
◆Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has drafted National Action Plan for Drug Demand Reduction (2018-2023) for addressing the problem of drug
●Central Wakf Council;-
↪ is a statutory body established in 1964
↪It is a permanent dedication of movable or immovable properties for religious, pious or charitable purposes as recognized by Muslim Law, given by philanthropists
●International Vision Zero Conference’ ;-
{to Promote Occupational Safety and Health is being “held in Mumbai”}
↪conference provides a forum for promoting safety and health at work by exchanging knowledge, practices and experience
●International Solar Alliance;-
↪Paris Declaration establishes ISA as an alliance dedicated to the promotion of solar energy among its member countries [aims to global deployment of over 1,000GW of solar generation capacity by 2030]
◆Argentina is the 72nd country to sign the Framework Agreement of the International Solar Alliance
●Rajasthan Social Accountability Bill;-
↪It seeks to impose penalties and compensation and initiate departmental action against the Grievance Redressal Officer (GRO) of the service delivery department for non-compliance
●Supreme Court has refused to entertain a petition challenging Centre’s notification advising the media not to use the term “Dalit” to describe members of Scheduled Castes.;-
•A decade ago, the National Commission for Scheduled Castes disfavoured the use of ‘Dalit’, which it felt was unconstitutional
◆Dalit’ literally means ‘downtrodden’ or ‘broken’, (but it is a word pregnant with meaning, reflecting the struggle of a community to reassert its identity)
●Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC);-
↪are adult cells that have been genetically reprogrammed to an embryonic stem cell (are already useful tools for drug development and modeling of diseases, and scientists hope to use them in transplantation medicine)
•Stem cells have the remarkable potential to develop into many different cell types in the body during early life and growth
●Fateh Submarine:
↪It is a “state-of-the-art” domestically produced Iranian submarine capable of firing cruise missiles
•It is Iran’s first submarine in the semi-heavy category
●Maiden ‘Regional Maritime-Safety Conference’;-{is being held in Mumbai.( The Conference is being organized by India for the first time)}
↪objective of the conference is to deliberate on issues related to assuring maritime safety in the India-ASEAN sub region, safeguarding our shores and promoting trade along the sea routes
●642nd birth anniversary of “Guru Ravidas”;-{19 February}
↪Guru Ravidas was a North Indian mystic poet of the bhakti movement.[Jayanti is celebrated on Magh Purnima, which is the full moon day in the Hindu calendar]
•He belonged to an untouchable caste and suffered a lot of atrocities as a result.
•He said in his teachings that the only way to meet God was to free the mind from the duality
●A new company under Department of Space (DoS);-
↪to commercially exploit the research and development work carried out by ISRO Centers and constituent units of DOS
•Cabinet decision will definitely encourage the private sector to indulge more in production of launchers and satellites [so that ISRO can focus more on R&D work.]
●Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Bill, 2018;-
↪aim to strengthen the Bill in its objective to effectively tackle the menace of illicit deposit taking activities in the country
•“Deposit Takers”↪ include all possible entities (including individuals) receiving or soliciting deposits, except specific entities such as those incorporated by legislation
●National Policy on Electronics 2019;-{proposed by MeitY}
↪It will enable flow of investment and technology, leading to higher value addition in the domestically manufactured electronic products, increased electronics hardware manufacturing in the country and their export, while generating substantial employment opportunities
●Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage), Second Ordinance, 2019;-
↪Ordinance will provide the rights of subsistence allowance, custody of minor children to victims of triple talaq i.e. talaq-e-biddat
•Bill makes all declaration of talaq, including in written or electronic form, to be void and illegal
●Development and Welfare Board for De-notified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities;-
↪to give special attention to these communities
•Denotified Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Tribes ↪are poorest of the poor, most marginalised and most downtrodden communities who are subject to social stigma, atrocity and exclusion [After India gained Independence, these tribes were ‘de-notified’ from the list of Criminal Tribes]
●Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana- Gramin (PMAY-G);-{Indira Awaas yojana (IAY) has been restructured into PMAY-G since 2016
↪PMAY-G aims at providing a pucca house, with basic amenities, to all houseless householder and those households living in kutcha and dilapidated house, by 2022
●Rozgar Yukta Gaon (RYG);-
↪to introduce enterprise-based operation in the Khadi sector and to create employment opportunities for thousands of new artisans in the current and next financial year (2018-19 and 2019-20)
●Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA);-
↪Is an international assessment that measures 15-year-old students’ on reading, mathematics & science literacy in every 3 years.
↪India had taken part in PISA in 2009 & bagged 72nd rank among 74 participating countries.(then UPA government had boycotted PISA)
↪MoHRD officially decided to participate in PISA-2021(Is likely to be administered in schools in Chandigarh)
●National Rural Economic Transformation Project;-{under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) through loan assistance (IBRD Credit) from World Bank}
↪project will enhance the livelihoods promotion and access to finance and scale-up initiatives on digital finance and livelihood interventions
•DAY-NRLM lays special emphasis on targeting the poorest of the poor and the most vulnerable communities and their financial inclusion
●Grid Connected Rooftop Solar Programme;-
↪Programmes will have substantial environmental impact in terms of savings of CO2 emission
•Rooftop solar has the great benefit of being able to provide electricity to those areas that are not yet connected to the grid — remote locations and areas where the terrain makes it difficult to set up power stations and lay power lines
●Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaam Mahabhiyan(KUSUM);-
↪for Installation of standalone off grid solar water pumps to fulfill irrigation needs of farmers not connected to grid
↪It would solarise only govt. pumps
↪ It is an initiative to promote Start-ups, Women and Youth Advantage Through eTransactions on Government e Marketplace (GeM).
●Operation Digital Board;-{by MoHRD}
↪digital board will be introduced all over the country in government and government aided schools from class 9th onwards as well as in higher education institutions
[aims at converting a class room into a digital class room ]
•It will be implemented by the University Grants Commission (UGC).
●Scheme of Mega Food Park;-{implementing by Ministry of Food Processing Industries}
↪aims at providing a mechanism to link agricultural production to the market by bringing together farmers, processors and retailers (so as to ensure maximizing value addition, minimizing wastages, increasing farmers’ income and creating employment opportunities)
•’Sikaria Mega Food Park’ is the 1st Mega Food Park of “Tripura”(inaugurated recently)
●2nd edition of Startup Ranking for 2019;-{Released by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT)}
↪It aims to rank the States/UTs for establishing a robust ecosystem for supporting Startups.
•India is home to about 20,000 startups, with about 1,400 beginning operations every year.
◆Concepts of startups and entrepreneurship are similar. However,
•entrepreneurship↪ refers all new businesses, including self-employment and businesses that never intend to grow big or become registered, while
•Startups↪ refer to new businesses that intend to grow beyond the solo founder, have employees, and intend to grow large

●Govt approves capital infusion of ₹48,239 Crore in 12 PSBs;-
↪latest round of capital infusion is aimed at equipping better-performing PSBs (public sector banks) under prompt corrective action (PCA) framework of RBI
•government as the major owner in PSBs is free to recapitalise but the issue is, at what cost, for how long, and whether recapitalisation alone is enough
●Space Policy Directive-4(SPD-4);-{by USA}
↪to create a Military Space Force (main goal of the Space Force is to secure and extend American dominance of the space domain)
↪Pentagon will establish the Space Force as the sixth branch of the United States military, to go along with the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines and Coast Guard.
[first SPD directed NASA to get humans back to the moon as a stepping-stone to Mars. The second streamlined regulations for the commercial space sector, and the third dealt with management of space traffic]
●Norms relaxed for Start- ups;-
↪new norms aim to catalyse entrepreneurship by enabling angel investments by innovators across all sections of society and all sectors of economy
•investment limit of angel investors to seek exemption under the Income Tax Act, 1961 has been increased to Rs 25 crore from 10 Crore
●US President Trump has officially declared the US-Mexico border a “national emergency,”;-
↪By declaring a national emergency, the president avails himself or herself of dozens of specialized laws
●LOFAR telescope;-
↪Low-Frequency Array or LOFAR, is a large radio telescope network located mainly in the Netherlands
↪new map of the night sky published recently charts hundreds of thousands of previously unknown galaxies discovered using LOFAR telescope
●VIVID-(Vision Insight and Voices as India goes Digital”)- the District Informatics Officer (DIO) meet;-{is being organised by National Informatics Centre (NIC)}
↪Is an initiative to interact with the DIO’s and to share their experiences as well as contribution, as digital change-makers at the grass-root level in the States.
●14th Agricultural Science Congress;-{ is being held at New Delhi}
•Theme: “Innovations for Agricultural Transformation”
●Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut Corridor of Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS);-
↪Once operational, it will be the fastest, most comfortable and safest mode of commuter transport in the National Capital Region (NCR)
●Island Development Agency (IDA);-
↪IDA was set up on June 1 this year following PM Modi’s review meeting for the development of islands
•Members of IDA include cabinet secretary, home secretary, secretary (environment, forests and climate change etc.)
●Shisht Bharat Campaign:-{launched by a NGO}
> aims to strengthen the moral character of Indian citizens by sensitizing them about values of morality, civic sense, politeness, decorum and dignity
●Atmospheric Water Generator (AWG):-{is being manufactured by BEL in collaboration with CSIR-IICT and MAITHRI}
>an innovative solution to meet the ever-increasing need for drinking water worldwide, today at Aero India 2019.
•It uses heat exchange for condensing the atmospheric moisture to produce pure, safe and clean potable water
●(Healthcare Organizations’ Platform for Entry-Level-Certification)HOPE Portal:-
>It is an online platform for smooth and secure registration which provides a self-explanatory questionnaire to be filled by the HCO/SHCOs
●Indus Water Treaty,1960;-

>Signed by then PM Jawaharlal Nehru & Pakistan President Ayub Khan(involving a third party “World Bank”)
>treaty allocates 80% of water from the six-river Indus water system to Pakistan
•India got control over rivers Beas, Ravi & Sutlej (whereas Pakistan got control over Indus, Chenab & Jhelum [can be remembered as “CJI”]
●Jallianwala: Punjab Assembly seeks UK apology
>April 13, 1919, marked a turning point in the Indian freedom struggle. It was Baisakhi that day, a harvest festival popular in Punjab and parts of north India [The protest was a peaceful one, and the gathering included pilgrims visiting the Golden Temple]
> Reginald Edward Harry Dyer ,ordered 90 soldiers he had brought with him to the venue to open fire on the crowd
●Green India Mission:-{launched in 2015}
> aimed at “protecting, restoring and enhancing India’s diminishing forest cover and responding to climate change”, is grossly underfunded.
>objective of the mission is to increase green cover to the extent of 5 million hectares (mha) and improve quality of existing green cover on another 5 mha
•GIM is one of the eight missions launched under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)
●Supreme Court orders eviction of 1.1 mn forest families:-
>Forest Rights Law itself has been criticised by both wildlife activists and those fighting for the rights of tribespeople and forest-dwellers, albeit for different reasons
•About 1.17 million land ownership claims made by scheduled tribes and other traditional forest dwellers under the Forest Rights Act have been rejected on various grounds
●“Waste to Wonder” Park :{was recently inaugurated in South Delhi}
> The park sets an example of creation of ‘Wealth from waste’
●First ever ‘Drone Olympics’ competition for UAV’s :{was held recently at Air Force Station, Bengaluru alongside}
•It was organized by Ministry of Defence.
>Aims to encourage the UAV industry to connect with potential buyers and business partners in the country and also provide an opportunity to the Armed Forces to assess the capabilities of UAVs.
●”Bramble Cay melomys”
.> is first mammal to go extinct due to climate change
•Bramble Cay melomys — a ‘little brown rat’ found in Australia
•IUCN Red List > Threatened Species
●Hippocamp- new Neptune moon:
>NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have confirmed the existence of Hippocamp- a tiny moon in orbit around Neptune.(With a diameter of only 20 miles)

●Women Livelihood Bond:
>will be launched by SIDBI with the support of World Bank and UN Women.
>The proposed bond will enable individual women entrepreneurs in sectors like food processing, agriculture, services and small units to borrow around Rs 50,000 to Rs 3 lakh at an annual interest rate of around 13-14 per cent or less
●Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha:
>was established in the year 1918 by Mahatma Gandhi with the sole aim of propagating Hindi in southern states.
•The first Pracharak was Devadoss Gandhi son of Mahatma Gandhi.
• Super-Efficient Air Conditioning programme :{launched by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) }
~Under the programme, Super-Efficient Air Conditioners are distributed. They are 40% more efficient than, but priced comparably with, the 3-star ACs
•EESL’s investment in the programme is partially supported by a grant from the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
• All India Citizens Survey of Police Services {Ministry of Home Affairs has commissioned the Bureau of Police Research and Development to conduct this pan-India survey }
~survey is aimed to understand public perceptions about Police, gauge the level of non-reporting of crimes or incidents to Police, the position on ground relating to crime reporting
• Financial Action Task Force (FATF);-
~Is an intergovernmental organization founded in 1989 on the initiative of G7 to develop policies to combat money laundering.(also included terrorism financing in 2001)
•FATF has decided to keep PAK into ‘grey list’
~grey list can hurt Pakistan’s economy as well as its international standing.
【As of now there are only two countries in the blacklist — Iran and North Korea — and seven on the grey list, including Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Syria and Yemen.】
• RUCO (Repurpose Used Cooking Oil) initiative :{launched by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)}
~that will enable collection and conversion of used cooking oil to bio-diesel.
•Total Polar Compounds (TPC):
~In many countries, TPC is used to measure the quality of oil. The level of TPC increases every time oil is re-heated
• India to launch a public DNS server
~DNS is a system that translates domain names to Internet Protocol or IP addresses that allows browsers to load websites sought.
•Centre is eyeing a new and robust platform in the wake of critical digital services being delivered online requiring enhanced security to discourage cyber-attacks and a quicker site loading time
• Bangladesh sees golden rice as a threat
~Activists fear that commercial cultivation would lead to the loss of Bangladesh’s rich bio-diversity
•golden rice ~>genetically-engineered rice that contains beta-carotene — by inserting bacteria and daffodil and maize genes into it. [This is the golden rice, called so because of the golden colour of its grains.]
• Global Health Expenditure Database (GHED) :-{released by WHO}
~provides internationally comparable data on health spending for close to 194 countries, since 2000.
•According to the report, global spending on health has increased in low- and middle-income countries by 6% and in high income countries by 4%
•data indicates that nearly half of donor funds for health and about 20% of public spending on health went to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis
• Hayabusa2 spacecraft;-
~It is an asteroid sample-return mission operated by the Japanese space agency, JAXA
•Hayabusa2 carries multiple science payloads for remote sensing, sampling, and four small rovers that will investigate the asteroid surface
• PM Modi has received the prestigious Seoul Peace Prize for 2018
~ for his contribution to international cooperation and fostering global economic growth
•Seoul Peace Prize:~Established in 1990 to commemorate success of the 24th Olympic Games held in Seoul, South Korea [Awarded biennially]
• Velayat 97
~ It is a navy drill being conducted by Iran. It aims to evaluate the navy’s equipment, practice launching weapons and enable the troops to gain readiness for a real battle.
• World’s largest bee spotted for the first time since 1981
•Wallace’s giant bee (Megachile pluto), which lives in the Indonesian island region of North Moluccas
•IUCN Red List of Threatened Species lists the bee as “vulnerable”
• Beresheet- Israel’s First Lunar Lander Launched
~Beresheet will attempt to become the first Israeli spacecraft, and the first privately-operated mission, to land on the Moon
[So far, only three other nations have carried out controlled “soft” landings on the moon – the United States, the former Soviet Union and China]

◆Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi;-
~>Under this programme, vulnerable landholding farmer families, having cultivable land upto 2 hectares, will be provided direct income support at the rate of Rs. 6,000 per year
~>income support will be transferred directly into the bank accounts of beneficiary farmers, in three equal installments of Rs. 2,000 each
◆Draft National e-commerce policy;-
~>that sends a clear message that India and its citizens have a sovereign right to their data
•All ecommerce websites, apps available for downloading in India to have a registered business entity here.( Non-compliant ecommerce app/website to be denied access here.)
•Data storage facilities to get ‘infrastructure status’
•E-consumer courts to be developed etc.
◆Monkeys have again been declared vermin for the next one year in Himachal Pradesh
~>because the animals have been adversely affecting crops and causing harm to humans
•Wild boars, nilgai and rhesus monkeys are Schedule II and III members — also protected, but can be hunted under specific conditions
•Section 62 of Act empowers Centre to declare wild animals other than Schedule I & II to be vermin for specified area and period.
[Crows and fruit bat fall in Schedule 5, the vermin category.]
◆Sujalam Sufalam Jal Sanchay Abhiyan;- {by Gujarat govt.}
~>scheme aims to deepen water bodies in the state before monsoon to increase storage of rainwater to be used during times of scarcity.
•It involves cleaning and desilting of riverfronts, sprucing up of Irrigation canals.
◆Cheetah reintroduction project;-
~>Wildlife Institute of India at Dehradun had prepared a ₹260-crore cheetah re-introduction project six years ago. It was estimated that an amount of ₹25 crore to ₹30 crore would be needed to build an enclosure in an area of 150 sq km for the cheetahs in Nauradehi
•Nauradehi was found to be the most suitable area for the cheetahs as its forests are not very dense to restrict the fast movement of the spotted cat
•reasons for extinction can all be traced to man’s interference. Problems like human-wildlife conflict, loss of habitat and loss of prey, and illegal trafficking, have decimated their numbers.
◆Permanent Residence Certificate;-
~>is a legal document that serves as an evidence of residence and thus must be submitted wherever a residence proof is required.
•To apply for ration card permanent residence certificate is a vital and mandate document.
•Arunachal Pradesh issues the domicile certificate otherwise called as Permanent Residence Certificate (PRC) to the residents of the state who stayed therein over a period
◆Organisation of Islamic Cooperation(OIC)
~>OIC is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57 member states.
•It is the second largest inter-governmental organization after the United Nations.
•it is “the collective voice of the Muslim world” and works to “safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony“.
•India invited to OIC meet as ‘guest of honour’ [India has never been invited to the OIC before ]
◆Afghanistan recently began exports to India through Chabahar port in Iran.
~>Iran’s Chabahar port is located on the Gulf of Oman and is the only oceanic port of the country
•[Chabahar port will be beneficial to India in countering Chinese presence in the Arabian Sea which China is trying to ensure by helping Pakistan develop the Gwadar port. Gwadar port is less than 400 km from Chabahar by road and 100 km by sea]
◆EVM is ‘information’ under Right to Information Act
~>EVM can be demanded by an applicant from the Election Commission of India on a payment of Rs 10, the Central Information Commission has ruled.
•Section 2(f) of the RTI Act defines ‘Information’ as any material in any form, including records, documents, memos, e-mails, opinions, advices etc.
◆National Youth Parliament Festival 2019;-
↪Youth in the age bracket of 18-25 years are invited to participate in the District Youth Parliaments
•National Youth Day↪ is observed on January 12 every year to commemorate the birthday of “Swami Vivekananda”
•Theme: “Be The Voice of New India” and “Find solutions and contribute to policy”
◆Skill Saathi Youth Conclave;-{by Odisha govt.}
~>aims to counsel 1 crore candidates from the age group of 15– 35 years focusing on School & College drop-outs, young adults from the community, college students, polytechnic students, ITI students etc.
•Create Awareness about the Skill India Mission and inform the youth of India about vocational education and its opportunities.
◆Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban;-{launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA)}
↪Mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme verticals
•government is providing an interest subsidy of 6.5% on housing loans which can be availed by beneficiaries for 15 years from start of loan date
◆India is hosting 4th Summit of Global Digital Health Partnership(GDHP)
~>GDHP is an international collaboration of governments, government agencies and multinational organisations dedicated to improving the health and well-being of their citizens through the best use of evidence-based digital technologies
•Five work streams of GDHP:
1.Cyber Security.
2.Evidence and Evaluation.
3.Policy Environments.
5.Clinical and Consumer Engagement.
◆second edition of ‘IPrism’;-{launched by Cell for IPR Promotion and Management (CIPAM), Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade}
~>Aiming to foster a culture of innovation and creativity in the younger generation, the competition will provide young creators an opportunity to see their creations recognized on a national platform.

◆Prepaid payment instruments;-
~>are payment instruments that facilitate transactions like purchase of goods and services, including funds transfer, against the value stored on such instruments.
[ The value stored on PPIs represents the value paid by the holders by cash through a bank account etc.]
◆The dispute between Britain and Mauritius over Chagos islands
•International Court of Justice said the islands were not lawfully separated from the former colony of Mauritius.
[UK should end its control of the Chagos Islands in the Indian Ocean “as rapidly as possible”, ]
◆NASA’s New Horizons mission;-
↪NASA’s first mission to Pluto & the Kuiper Belt
↪It makes USA the first nation to send a space probe to every planet from Mercury to Pluto. [The probe has traveled more than 3 billion miles to reach Pluto]
•Kuiper belt↪Is a region of Solar System that exists beyond the eight major planets, extending from the orbit of Neptune (at 30 AU) to approximately 50 AU from the Sun.
【NASA has captured the sharpest-ever image of Ultima Thule.(Ultima Thule is located in the Kuiper belt in the outermost regions of the Solar System, beyond the orbit of Neptune.)】
◆Wide Field InfraRed Survey Telescope(WFIRST);-
~>is a NASA observatory designed to settle essential questions in the areas of dark energy, exoplanets, and infrared astrophysics.
~>It will give humans the largest, deepest, clearest picture of the universe since the Hubble Space Telescope could find as many as 1,400 new planets outside Earth’s solar system
◆two-day national workshop on heat wave risk reduction on 27-28 February;-{conducting by NDMA}
~>This workshop aims to sensitise the States to the need of preparing and implementing specific Heat Action Plans.
•Heat wave~> is considered if maximum temperature of a station reaches at least 40°C (Plains), 37°C(coastal stations) and 30°C(Hilly regions)
◆Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air missiles (QRSAM);-{India has successfully test-fired }
•It has been developed to replace the ‘Akash’ missile defence system, and has 360-degree coverage.
•It uses solid fuel propellant and has a strike range of 25-30 km with capability of hitting multiple targets.[It is capable of hitting the low flying objects.]
◆Warming imperils clouds that deter ‘hothouse’ conditions
~>Computer modeling shows that marine stratus clouds could disappear if atmospheric CO2 levels climb high enough, raising global temperatures.
•Stratocumulus clouds are low-level clumps or patches of cloud varying in colour from bright white to dark grey [Stratocumulus clouds can be present in all types of weather conditions, ]
◆Odisha has been applauded by The United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) for proposing 33% reservation for women in Parliament and the State Assemblies
•UN Women is the UN entity dedicated to gender equality and the empowerment of women. UN Women was established(in 2010) to accelerate progress on meeting their needs worldwide.
◆Banks may set repo rate as benchmark for lending;-
~>It will make the system more transparent since every borrower will know the fixed interest rate and the spread value decided by the bank.[It will help borrowers compare loans in a better way from different banks.]
•marginal cost of fund based lending rate (MCLR) is currently the benchmark for all loan rates. Banks typically add a spread to the MCLR while pricing loans for homes and automobiles.
◆Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2016;-
~>Purpose for amending Citizenship Act of 1955.
~>After this illegal migrants from certain minority communities coming from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, & Pakistan will then be eligible for Indian citizenship
•Citizenship Act 1955;-
~>s the exhaustive law relating to citizenship in India.[is governed by Articles 5 to 11 (Part II)
•Article 9~>a person who voluntarily acquires citizenship of any other country is no longer an Indian citizen
◆Prompt Corrective Action (PCA);-
~>RBI has issued PCA framework to maintain sound financial health of banks.
~>It facilitates banks in breach of risk thresholds for identified areas of monitoring(capital, asset quality etc.)
• It can even cap a bank’s lending limit to one entity or sector
◆World’s largest Bhagavad Gita:{
inaugurated at International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) temple, Delhi
•book measures 2.8 meters by 2 meters and has 670 pages and weights at 800 kg
◆ricexpert’ App;-{by ICAR-NRRI}
~> provides information to farmers in real time on insect pests, nutrients, weeds, nematodes and disease-related problems
◆Exercise Sampriti-2019;-{held at Tangail, Bangladesh.}
~> is an important bilateral defence cooperation endeavour between India and Bangladesh
•exercise is aimed to strengthen and broaden the aspects of interoperability and cooperation between the Indian and Bangladesh Armies.
◆Delhi Declaration on digital health was adopted at the concluding session of the ‘4th Global Digital Health Partnership Summit.
• It calls for WHO’s leadership in digital health and for it to establish a specific mechanism to centrally coordinate digital health to assist its Member States
  ◆Atal Innovation Mission (AIM)
~is the Government of India’s flagship initiative to promote a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship in the country.
•Atal Tinkering Laboratories (ATLs) ~>objective of this scheme is to foster curiosity, creativity and imagination in young minds; and inculcate skills such as design mindset, computational thinking, adaptive learning, physical computing etc.
◆Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT) Initiative;-
•government recently handed over the 100th Letter of Intent (LOI) to the Compressed Bio-Gas(CBG) Entrepreneur (producer) under the SATAT scheme.
•Compressed Bio-Gas can be produced from various bio-mass/waste sources, including agricultural residue, municipal solid waste etc. [Compressed Bio-Gas has the potential to replace CNG in automotive, industrial and commercial uses in the coming years.]
◆Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills (SHREYAS);-{MoHRD}
~is a programme conceived for students in degree courses, primarily non-technical, with a view to introduce employable skills into their learning, promote apprenticeship as integral to education
[To enhance the employability of Indian youth by providing ‘on the job work exposure’ and earning of stipend(upto ₹6000/month)]
•In our country, there are around 30 crore student pursuing UG/PG in 864 University
◆“Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme”;-{launched by “National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC)”}
~scheme would encourage cooperatives to venture into new and innovative areas [scheme will be linked to Rs 1000 crore ‘Cooperative Start-up and Innovation Fund (CSIF)’ created by the NCDC.]
•It would have more incentives for cooperatives of North Eastern region, Aspirational Districts and cooperatives with women or SC or ST or PwD members.

◆Inclusive Internet Index 2019;-{commissioned by Facebook and conducted by The Economist Intelligence Unit}
~ aim of the Inclusive Internet Index is to provide researchers and policymakers with the information they need to enable the beneficial use of the Internet, irrespective of age, gender, location or background.
•index assesses the performance of 100 countries in four categories of inclusion: Accessibility, Affordability, Relevance and Readiness.
•Sweden has topped the rankings followed by Singapore and the US.[India has been ranked 47th.]
◆National Science Day 2018;-{celebrated on 28th of February}
~in order to commemorate the invention of the Raman Effect in India by the Indian physicist, Sir C V Raman on the same day in the year 1928.(was awarded and honored with the Nobel Prize in the Physics in the year 1930.)
•Raman scattering or the Raman effect~> is the inelastic scattering of a photon by molecules which are excited to higher energy levels. /[Raman Effect is a change in the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected by molecules]

◆Parents Responsibility and Norms for Accountability and Monitoring (PRANAM) Bill
~>Assam has launched the PRANAM Commission, a panel set up to look after the issues concerning a Bill brought in for protection of parents of state government employees
•it stated to be the first-of its-kind Bill in the country, is an effort to protect elderly parents of government employees in their times of need.[To ensure that no state government employee ignores their elderly parents and unmarried differently-abled siblings.]
◆China drafts new rules to supervise biotechnology research!
•It proposes fines and bans against rogue scientists.
•Scientists can be fined 10 to 20 times the amount of “illegal income” earned from unauthorised research and be banned from their field of work for six months to one year
【Recently a Chinese researcher caused a global outcry by claiming that the world’s first gene-edited babies — twin girls — were born that same month after he altered their DNA to prevent them from contracting HIV😯】
◆2nd Edition of ISL (Indian Sign Language) Dictionary;-
~Its aim is to give Deaf people the constitutional right to speech and opportunity of freedom of expression and also bringing them into the main stream of the society.
◆Technology Support and Outreach (TECH-SOP):
~ is an initiative of the MSME Ministry to bridge the gap between research and development institutions and MSMEs so that they can use latest technologies and become a part of global value chain.
◆Defence Acquisition Council (DAC):
~to ensure expeditious procurement of the approved requirements of the Armed Forces, in terms of capabilities sought, and time frame prescribed, by optimally utilizing the allocated budgetary resources.
◆Aarohan Social Innovation Awards:
~Aim to nurture the culture of innovation in the social sector to scale positive change across the country and thereby provide a platform to help the solutions scale.
•Infosys Foundation has constituted Aarohan Social Innovation Awards to reward individuals, teams or NGOs developing solutions for the social sector

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