●HAM (amateur) radio operators
•Amateur radio, also called ham radio, is a noncommercial two-way radio communications.
[They use many frequency bands across the radio spectrum.]
•HAM radio is a real-time communication network. This is much like wireless communication which is quick and transparent.
•Amateur Radio operators are most likely to be active after disasters that damage regular lines of communications due to power outages and destruction of telephone, cellular and other infrastructure-dependent systems
【Recently HAM (amateur) radio operators have volunteered to help a special task force that has been constituted in Bengaluru to ensure that citizens placed under home quarantine follow the protocol for it.】
•According to the Indian Wireless Telegraphs (Amateur Service) Amendment Rules, 1984, ‘Amateur service’ means a service of self training intercommunications and technical investigation carried on by Amateurs that is, by persons duly authorized under these rules interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without pecuniary interest.
•It is a non-commercial radio communication service.
•Amateur radio operators are commonly known as hams. The term “Ham radio” is used to describe the hobby of Amateur radio and not the equipment.
Similarly the term “Ham” is used to describe a radio amateur enthusiast and not the equipment.
•Any citizen of India who is above 12 years of age can become a ham by qualifying in the Amateurs Station Operators’ examination (ASO) and obtaining a valid Amateur wireless telegraph station license.