●Kuwait approved the draft expat (expatriate) quota bill
•According to the bill, Indians should not exceed 15% of the population and if it is enacted into law, over 8 lakh Indians could be forced out of Kuwait.
•Lawmakers and government officials including the Prime Minister of Kuwait have been calling to reduce the number of expats from 70% to 30% of the population.
[The draft law will impose a cap on the number of expats and gradually reduce them by almost 5% on a yearly basis.]
•Kuwait faces problems in its population structure due to huge numbers of expats. [Almost one-third of the expats are either illiterate or can merely read and write. They do not contribute to the country’s growth and hence, are not needed.]
•Indians constitute the largest expat community in Kuwait, totalling 1.45 million.
•In 2018, India received nearly USD 4.8 billion from Kuwait as remittances.
•This move is similar to the USA’s decision to extend the 60-day ban on immigrant and non-immigrant worker visas till the end of 2020
【 Every nation is being an ‘Atmanirbhar’ during this vast pandemic without thinking humiliation and starvation.
It isn’t Self-reliant, It’s fully back with Selfishness
Crisis needs collaboration not self-reliant】
•Anti-expat aspirations have been rising in Kuwait since the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic.
•Foreigners have accounted for the majority of Kuwait’s virus cases as the disease spread among migrant workers living in overcrowded housing.
•Kuwait has been working to reduce its dependence on foreign workers. It no longer wants to remain an expat-majority nation with its own citizens turning into a minority.
•In Kuwait, expats account for 3 million out of the total population of 4.3 million.
Indians constitute the largest expat community in Kuwait, totalling 1.45 million.
•The Indian community in Kuwait has always played an important factor in bilateral ties.
•Indians are present in all segments of society in Kuwait and are largely considered disciplined, hardworking and law-abiding.
•Kuwait is a top source of remittances for India. In 2018, India received nearly USD 4.8 billion from Kuwait as remittances.
•The Indian embassy has been closely following developments related to the proposed legislation. However, India has so far not made any statement on the issue
Persian Gulf Region
•The lands around the Persian Gulf are shared by eight countries namely, Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
These all eight countries are members of •the United Nations.
UAE, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait are members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
Out of the Persian Gulf countries, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, UAE and Saudi Arabia are members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
•Being major producers of crude oil and natural gas, there is a commonality of interest among these countries