•Recently, researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras have identified a specific microRNA (miRNA) called ‘miR-155’ that is over-expressed in tongue cancer
•MicroRNAs are short non‐coding Ribonucleic Acids (RNAs) containing 20–24 nucleotides that participate in virtually all biological pathways in animals.
[They play important roles in many cancers, in carcinogenesis, malignant transformation and metastasis.]
•The miRNAs associated with cancer are called Oncomirs
•The finding could help develop molecular strategies to manipulate miR-155 expression to develop therapeutics for tongue cancer