New and Emerging Strategic Technologies (NEST)

●e-visa
•28 airports and five seaports across the country have been designated as being eligible to process e-visas facilities
• Currently eVisa is admissable only under the following categories:
1. e-Tourist Visa

2. e-Business Visa

3. e-Conference Visa

4. e-Medical Visa

5. e-Medical Attendent Visa
•International Travellers having Pakistani Passport or Pakistani origin may apply for regular Visa at Indian Mission [ not e-visa]
●Arya Samaj.
•Arya Samaj is a Hindu reform movement that was founded by Dayanand Saraswati
•According to the website of Arya Samaj Houston, the central objectives of Arya Samaj is to, “eradicate Ignorance (Agyan), Indigence or Poverty (Abhav) and Injustice (Anayay) from this earth.
•Members of the Arya Samaj believe in one God and reject the worship of idols
●SnowEx : launched by NASA
•For a better understanding of how much water is contained in each winter’s snowfall and how much will be available when it melts in the spring
•The mission will utilize a suite of airborne instruments such as Lidar, SAR, Passive Microwave, Multi-spectral/hyperspectral VIS/IR, and others, as well as ground measurements, [to study Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) in forested areas]
●Bt cotton
•It is a genetically modified pest resistant plant cotton variety, which produces an insecticide to bollworm
•In India, it is the responsibility of the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) under the Environment Ministry to assess the safety of a genetically modified plant, and decide whether it is fit for cultivation.
•Sale, storage, transportation and usage of unapproved GM seeds is a punishable offence under the Rules of Environmental Protection Act
●New and Emerging Strategic Technologies (NEST).
•With India grappling with issues like the security implications of the introduction of 5G and artificial intelligence, the Indian foreign ministry has announced the setting up of a new division on New and Emerging Strategic Technologies (NEST)
•It will act as the nodal point in India’s foreign ministry for all matters connected to new and emerging technologies.
•It will also help assess foreign policy and international legal implications of emerging technology and technology-based resources.
•It will also be involved in negotiations to safeguard Indian interests at multilateral foralike the United Nations or the G20 where rules governing the use and access to such technologies could be decided

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