●Pneumonia Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)
•The vaccine is a mix of several bacteria of the pneumococci family, which are known to cause pneumonia — hence ‘conjugate’ is included in the name of the vaccine.
[Conjugate vaccines are made using a combination of two different components.]
•It is used for active immunisation against invasive disease and pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in infants
•The Serum Institute of India Pvt. Ltd, Pune, has been granted permission to manufacture the first indigenously developed Pneumonia Conjugate Vaccine (PCV) i.e. Pneumococcal Polysaccharide.
•India is planning for the nationwide rollout of PCV under Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP)
•Pneumonia is an acute respiratory infection of the lungs.
• It doesn’t have one single cause – it can develop from either bacteria, viruses or fungi in the air.
•Children whose immune systems are immature (i.e. newborns) or weakened – such as by undernourishment, or diseases like HIV – are more vulnerable to pneumonia.
•Pneumonia is contagious and can be spread through coughing or sneezing. It can also be spread through fluids, like blood during childbirth, or from contaminated surfaces.
•Pneumococcal vaccines are vaccines against the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae.