•BharatNet is a flagship mission implemented by Bharat Broadband Network Ltd. (BBNL).
•It is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) set up by the Government of India under the Companies Act, 1956 with an authorized capital of Rs 1000 crore.
[Currently, it is being implemented by the Department of Telecommunication under the Ministry of Communications.]
•National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) was launched in October 2011 and was renamed as Bharat Net Project in 2015
•It aims yo facilitate the delivery of e-governance, e-health, e-education, e-banking, Internet and other services to rural India.
•And connect all the 2,50,000 Gram panchayats in the country and provide 100 Mbps connectivity to all gram panchayats
•The entire project is being funded by the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF), which was set up for improving telecom services in rural and remote areas of the country
•Dark fibre: It is an unused optical fibre that has been laid but is not currently being used in fibre-optic communications
【Recently, the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) ordered the scrapping of a Rs 1,950 crore tender for the BharatNet project in Tamil Nadu】
National Statistics Day(29th June)
•Every year, the Statistics Day is celebrated on 29th June, the birth anniversary of Prof. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, to recognise his invaluable contribution in establishing the National Statistical System.
•It aims to popularise the use of statistics in everyday life and sensitise the public as to how statistics help in shaping and framing policies.
[And raise public awareness, especially among the younger generation, about the role of statistics in socio-economic planning]
•It carries forward the theme for 2019 which was ‘Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
•In 1968 Prof. P C Mahalanobis honoured with the Padma Vibhushan.
【This year, the Statistics Day (29th June) will be celebrated virtually, in view of the travel and safety advisories on account of the global Covid-19 pandemic.】
•Gynandromorphism is a characteristic of an organism that contains both male and female tissues and characteristics. Such organisms are also called gynandromorphs.
•The term is derived from the Greek words (gyne = woman; aner = man and morphe = form).
•The phenomenon has been documented in birds, crustaceans and butterflies.
【Recently, a rare biological phenomenon i.e. Gynandromorphism has been spotted in a dragonfly, the Scarlet Skimmer (Crocothemis servilia), which is found in the Kole wetlands, Kerala.】
HAM (amateur) radio operators
•Amateur radio, also called ham radio, is a noncommercial two-way radio communications.
[They use many frequency bands across the radio spectrum.]
•HAM radio is a real-time communication network. This is much like wireless communication which is quick and transparent.
•Amateur Radio operators are most likely to be active after disasters that damage regular lines of communications due to power outages and destruction of telephone, cellular and other infrastructure-dependent systems
【Recently HAM (amateur) radio operators have volunteered to help a special task force that has been constituted in Bengaluru to ensure that citizens placed under home quarantine follow the protocol for it.】
•The initiative has been taken on the call of the Prime Minister to plant at least five trees either in office campus or wherever it is possible, to ensure a clean and healthy environment of the country
•[The Ministry of Culture is celebrating ‘Sankalp Parva’ to plant trees from 28th June to 12th July 2020]
•The Ministry of Culture has recommended planting five trees which represent the herbal heritage of the country.
•These trees are: Bargad, Awla, Pepal, Ashok and Bel. (These are also medicinal plants)
Maareech Advanced Torpedo Defence System (ATDS)
•It is a torpedo detection and countermeasure system used by the Indian Navy.
•The system offers a complete solution to detect and locate an incoming torpedo and to apply countermeasures to protect naval platform against torpedo attack.
•It was developed as a joint project of the Naval Physical and Oceanographic Laboratory (NPOL), Kochi and the Naval Science and Technological Laboratory (NSTL), Visakhapatnam
•The system is capable of detecting, confusing, diverting and decoying the incoming torpedoes.