Quiz Revision ‘January 2019’

●Mahila Police Volunteers;-{by MoW&CD/ MoHA} ↪In order to provide a link between police and community and facilitate women in distress, one Mahila Police Volunteer (MPV) is envisaged per Gram Panchayat across the country
•MPV must be atleast 21 years old & class 12th •Haryana is the first state to adopt the initiative.
●6th International Rice Research Institute (IRRI);-{built at Varanasi} ↪IRRI is an international agricultural research and training organization known for its work in developing rice varieties [established in 1960 aims to reduce poverty and hunger & ensure environmental sustainability of rice farming].
●3 Andaman & Nicobar islands renamed as tribute to Netaji by PM Modi•The Ross Island was renamed as ↪’Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Dweep’ •the Neil Island as↪ ‘Shaheed Dweep’  •the Havelock Island as↪’Swaraj Dweep’.  ◆On December 30th in 1943 Japanese had captured the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and Netaji came here as the Azad Hind Fauz [This year marks 75 years of the event].
●REDD+ ↪ is a climate change mitigation solution being developed by parties to the UNFCCC. •UN-REED↪assists countries to keep their forests standing by offering results based payments for actions to reduce or remove forest carbon emissions.
●Mobilise Your City (MYC) programme;-{was launched at 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) meeting in December, 2015} ↪The MYC aims to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions related to urban transport •India and France have signed an implementation agreement on “MOBILISE YOUR CITY” (MYC).

●Khushi Scheme of Odisha;- ↪to provide free sanitary napkins to school girls across the state
●GAFA tax [ ‘G’oogle, ‘A’pple, ‘F’acebook, ‘A’mazon] ↪French proposal is set to target only those profitable companies that have heavy annual global revenue.
●recommendations of Gadgil Committee on Western Ghats;- ↪It defined the boundaries of the Western Ghats for the purposes of ecological management.  ↪It proposed that this entire area be designated as ecologically sensitive area (ESA). ↪Within this area, smaller regions were to be identified as ecologically sensitive zones (ESZ) I, II or III based on their existing condition and nature of threat.
●Indian Bridge Management System;- ↪It crates an inventory of all bridges in the country ḥand rate their structural condition (so that timely repair and rehabilitation work can be carried out based on the criticality of the structure)•each bridge is assigned a ‘unique identification & a Structural Rating Number.
●Panda bond;- ↪ is a Chinese renminbi-denominated bond from a non-Chinese issuer, sold in the People’s Republic of China ◆government of Pakistan has decided to launch Panda Bonds to raise loans from Chinese capital markets.

●Dhola-Sadiya Bridge;-{on “Lohit River”} ↪Is the longest road bridge on “Lohit River” connecting the northeast states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. [Longest rail-road bridge is Bogibeel in Assam].
●Paika rebellion;-{in Khurda of Odisha} ↪Two-hundred years ago in 1817, a valiant uprising of soldiers led by Buxi Jagabandhu (Bidyadhar Mohapatra) took place in Khurda of Odisha.
●Blue Flag Certification;- ↪is awarded to “Beaches with high environmental and quality standards”.  The Chandrabhaga beach on the Konark coast of Odisha is the first in Asia to get the Blue Flag certification.
●Ease of Living Index;-{is released by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs} ↪is A Transformative Initiative to Help Cities Assess their Liveability Vis-À-Vis National & Global Benchmarks
●Virtual ID’ for Aadhaar;- ↪ is a random 16-digit number. • ID can be generated as many time as possible.•(One’s )Aadhaar number cannot be derived from the Virtual ID that is generated.

●Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary;-{located in Tripura} ↪This is the only place where the endangered clouded leopard is bred and conserved.
●PARIVESH (Pro-Active and Responsive facilitation by Interactive, Virtuous and Environmental Single-window Hub);- ↪ is an environmental single window hub for Environment, Forest, Wildlife and CRZ clearances from Central, State and district-level authorities •The system has been designed, developed and hosted by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change with technical support from National Informatics Centre, (NIC).
●Non-Nuclear Aggression Agreement;- ↪Agreement on Prohibition of Attacks against Nuclear Installations and Facilities between Pakistan and India [The exchange is done each year on January 1, under the Agreement on the Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear Installations and Facilities,].
●Asia reassurance initiative act (ARIA);- ↪specifically, calls for America’s increased engagement in the Indo-Pacific region and strengthened support, including arms sales, for U.S. allies in the region.
●National Investigation Agency(NIA)↪ is functioning as the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency in India.

●Monuments of national importance;- ↪ASI recently declared that it has added six structures to the list of monuments of national importance,(taking the total number to 3,693).  •any structure, sculpture, inscription, etc., which is in existence for not less than 100 years is termed ancient ◆UP has the highest such monuments(745) followed by Karnataka(506).
●The Speaker of Lok Sabha can suspend the members of the house for disrupting the proceedings of the house ↪The Speaker can’t revoke the suspension if she desires ◆Unlike the Speaker, the Rajya Sabha Chairman does not have the power to suspend a member.
●According to the Citizenship Act (1955), an illegal immigrant is defined as a person⤵ •Who enters India without a valid passport •Stays in the country after the expiry of the visa permit. •The immigrant who uses false documents for the immigration process.etc.
●National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC);- ↪is a quasi-judicial commission in India  ↪which was set up in 1988 under the Consumer Protection Act of 1986[ i.e ‘statutory body’] •The commission is headed by a sitting or retired judge of the Supreme Court of India.
●Bharatmala Project;- ↪Is the second largest highways construction project in the country since NHDP,(under which almost 50,000 km or highway roads were targeted across the country) ↪It includes development of Economic Corridors, Inter Corridors and Feeder Routes, National Corridor Efficiency Improvement, Border and International connectivity roads, Coastal and Port connectivity roads and Green-field expressways.

●Panj Tirath Hindu religious site declared as national heritage;-{in northwest Pakistan} ↪Panj Tirath got its name from the five pools of water present there ↪It is believed that Pandu, a mythical king in the Mahabharata, belonged to this area.
●Atal Solar Krishi Pump Yojana;-{launched by Maharashtra government} ↪ to reduce losses due to non-payment of electricity bills and also promote solar energy. ↪The scheme provides a subsidy of up to 95% on solar pumpsets.
↪Two LED bulbs, a DC fan and a mobile charging socket will also be provided to the farmers.
●Street Light National Programme;- ↪is an initiative of the Government to promote energy efficiency in the country. ↪Government aims to “replace” 3.5 crore conventional street lights with energy efficient LED lights •Energy Efficiency Services Limited, a Public Energy Services Company under the administration of Ministry of Power, GoI.
●Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI);-{released by Germanwatch}
↪ is an annual publication by Germanwatch and Climate Action Network Europe.
●Mother of All Bombs’;-{developed by China} ↪Is the most powerful non-nuclear weapon ◆To match the U.S. weapon, Russia developed the “Father of All Bombs” which is both bigger and thermobaric .

●Legal status for SSC;- ↪SSC is the only such organisation that performs similar functions(like UPSC, SPSC) on a much larger scale,  •”but does not enjoy statutory status” ◆It has remained an “attached body” under the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT).
●Fugitive Economic Offender;- ↪A person can be named an F.E offender if there is an arrest warrant against him or her for involvement in economic offences involving “at least Rs. 100 crore” or more and has fled from India to escape legal action.  ◆Vijay Mallya has become the first person to be declared a fugitive offender under the Fugitive Economic Offenders Act.
●”Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi (RAN)” – Govt declares ‘one-time financial assistance’ for Rare diseases under the umbrella scheme of “Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi (RAN)”.  •Rare disease(OR an orphan disease)↪Is any disease that affects a small percentage of the population.[Most rare diseases are genetic].
●India Meteorological Department (IMD) issues CYCLONE ALERT during • “PRE CYCLONE WATCH” (First Stage warning)↪issued 72 hours in advance contains early warning about the development of a cyclonic disturbance •CYCLONE ALERT(Second Stage warning) ↪is issued at least 48 hrs. in advance of the expected commencement of adverse weather over the coastal areas •CYCLONE WARNING(Third Stage warning)↪issued at least 24 hours in advance of the expected commencement of adverse weather over the coastal areas. •POST LANDFALL OUTLOOK(Fourth Stage of warning)↪ is issued at least 12 hours in advance of expected time of landfall
●Asia Competitiveness Institute’s (ACI) has released its Ease of Doing Business Index on Attractiveness to Investors, Business Friendliness and Competitive Policies •In India ↪Andhra Pradesh has topped the list. followed by Maharashtra and Delhi.

●Citizenship bill 2016;- ↪Grants citizenship status based on religion to illegal immigrants ↪Seeks to cancel registration of OCI cardholders for violation of any law.
●I R Coelho case ↪If a law is included in the ‘9th schedule’ of the Indian constitution, it can still be examined and confronted in court. ●Waman Rao Case ↪ This case has facilitated in determining a satisfactory way of addressing grievances pertaining to the ‘violation of fundamental rights’. ●Minerva mills case ↪ Fortified the idea of the “basic structure” which was put forward earlier in the Keshavananda Bharti Case.
●Gas hydrates;- ↪are formed when a gas such as methane gets trapped in well-defined cages of water molecules forming crystalline solids •Gas hydrates are found in sea bed, glaciers. •Can be used as carbon sequestration and sea bed stability studies •Future source of Natural gas •It can be formed in deep space.
●Leprosy;-{Also known as Hansen’s disease (HD)} ↪ it is a chronic, progressive bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae.[is one of the oldest diseases in recorded history. ] ↪It is known to occur at all ages ranging from early infancy to very old age.
●70 point performance grading index;-{MoHRD is compiling this schooling index.} ↪The Index will assess states on a 1,000 point grading system with 10-20 points per parameter.  ◆ 70 indicators will grade state schooling systems on areas like number of existing ‘teacher vacancies’, number of direct entry recruitments especially at leadership positions, school infrastructure and so on.
Niti Aayog which was earlier developing its own School Education Quality Index, will be using 33 of the 70 criteria under the PGI for their own assessments.

●Pradhan mantri awas yojana Gramin;- ↪scheme would be implemented in rural areas throughout India except Delhi and Chandigarh ↪The unit size is 25 sq.m including a dedicated area for hygienic cooking. ↪Beneficiary can avail a loan of Rs.70000/- for construction of house ↪The beneficiary is entitled to 90 days of unskilled labour from MGNREGA.
Under PMAY, the cost of unit assistance is to be shared between Central and State Governments in the ratio 60:40 in plain areas and 90:10 for North Eastern and hilly states.
●DNA technology bill;- ↪for establishing the identity of persons in respect of matters listed in a Schedule. •These include criminal matters (such as offences under the Indian Penal Code, 1860),  •civil matters ↪such as parentage disputes, emigration or immigration, and transplantation of human organs.
●Zagros mountain ↪located in “Iran”
●HD 21749b(new planet) orbits a dwarf star about 53 light years away in the constellation of “Reticulum”
This is the third new planet is confirmed by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) .
●Galapagos island;-{Located in Pacific ocean} ↪Equator passes through it.

●Hemis National Park(HNP);-[E Ladakh-J&K] ↪1) India’s only national park-north of Himalayas 2) India’s Largest notified protected area [largest National park] 3)2nd largest contiguous protected area [1st Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve & surrounding protected areas] 4)HNP’s northern border-Indus River 5)No metalled/motorable roads-park
↪Important tiger reserves:-1)West Bengal-Buxa Tiger reserve 2)Assam-Kaziranga 3)Arunachal-Pakke tiger reserve 4)Manipur-Keibul Lamjao National Park .
↪1)UK-Gibraltar 2)Canada-British Colombia 3)Germany-Bavaria 4)Rhode island USA | Countries bordering Adriatic sea-Italy,Slovania,Croatia,Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro,Albania,Macedonia.
●Wildlife Trust of India(WTI);-[1998;HQ-Noida] ↪WTI:-1)not for profit, charity 2)India’s leading nature conservation organisation 3)Aim-conserve wildlife, its habitat, welfare^individual wild animals-partnership w/ communities, governments. 4)Vision-“A secure natural heritage of India”.  ↪Achievments:-1)Recovering population-critically endangered species 2)Translocation-species 3)Reducing man animal conflict 4)Rescue & Rehabilitation-Animals-including -Elephants,Tigers,Leopards, 1 horned Rhino,Bears.

●”Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System” for Africa and Asia (RIMES);- ↪ is an international & intergovernmental institution, owned and managed by its Member States, for the generation and application of early warning information.  ↪RIMES evolved from the efforts of countries in Africa and Asia, in the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.  ↪It provides early warning information for preparedness and response to trans-boundary hazards also •RIMES operates from its regional early warning center located at the campus of the Asian Institute of Technology in Pathumthani, “Thailand.”
RIMES was established on 30 April 2009, and was registered with the United Nations on 1 July 2009.
●National Health Resource Repository (NHRR);-{ launched by Central Bureau of Health Intelligence} ↪ includes data in order to make a robust and comprehensive database of national health resources i.e., both public and private which inter-alia includes, hospitals, diagnostic labs, doctors and pharmacies, etc.[NOT Patient!] .
●MCA21↪ is an e-Governance initiative of Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA)  ↪that enables an easy and secure access of the MCA services to the corporate entities, professionals and citizens of India. ↪It helps faster and effective resolution of public grievances. ↪It provides easy access of public documents.
●Scientists in recent years have predicted that Earth’s magnetic field could be gearing up to ‘flip’ – a shift in which the magnetic south pole would become magnetic north, and vice versa ↪Such an event could have catastrophic effects, wreaking havoc on the electric grid and leaving life at the surface exposed to higher amounts of solar radiation.
●Sino-Indian Digital Collaboration Plaza (SIDCOP);-{launched by the National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM)} ↪It uses an AI enabled platform to bring Indian IT companies and Chinese enterprises closer to each other. ↪It offers a boundary-less marketplace for Chinese enterprises.

●Hunar Haats;-{organised by Minority Affairs Ministry under ‘USTTAD’ scheme} ↪to provide employment & income generation opportunities with platforms for marketing the products of master artisans, craftsmen to the minority communities.  •USTTAD scheme↪aims at preserving & promoting the rich heritage of the traditional arts & crafts of the Minority communities.
●Tribes;- •Arunachal Pradesh – Abor, Mishmi, Apatani etc    •Meghalaya – Chakma, Garo etc.     Manipur – Sema, Tangkhul etc        Mizoram – Khasi, Jantia, Kuki etc
●One family One Job scheme of Sikkim;- ↪entitles one government job for every family in the state [Only members of those families which do not have a government job at present are eligible]

●Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip garden, previously Model Floriculture Center, is a tulip garden in Srinagar, India.
•Chajja Dance, also called the peacock dance or ‘Dandaras’, is performed on the occasion of Lohri festival in Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir.
●”Gulf of Riga” is present in Baltic sea.
●TRIFED has stopped bulk procurement in Minor Forest Produce (MFP) and surplus Agricultural Produce (SAP) from Tribals. •This procurement is now done by the State-level Tribal Cooperatives Societies/Federations.
●Formalin is a toxic, colourless solution that is derived by dissolving formaldehyde gas in water . ↪Formaldehyde is a highly reactive, flammable gas, which means it can become a fire hazard when exposed to flame or heat.
●Report of M.R.Rajagopal committee relates to “Euthanasia”.    Tax reforms – Vijay Kelkar committee  ,   Anti-corruption – Santhanam committee

●Mukundra hill tiger reserve↪ is located in “Rajasthan” . Chhattisgarh – Indravati tiger reserve, Madhya Pradesh – Kanha tiger reserve , Jharkhand – Palamau tiger reserve
●Worldskills↪ founded in 1950 is a global hub for skill excellence and development ↪Worldskills has 75 members and regions working with youth, educators, govt and industry to prepare future workforce↪45th World skill competition to be held in Russia – 2019 •India skills competition is a biennial event.
●National skill qualification framework;- ↪is a competency-based framework that organizes all qualifications according to a series of levels of knowledge, skills and aptitude. These levels, graded from one to ten ↪NSFQ is implemented through national skill qualification committee. The NSQF is anchored at the National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) and is being implemented through the National Skills Qualifications Committee (NSQC).
COTPA,2003 Act ↪The act gives effect to World health assembly resolution to protect non-smokers from involuntary exposure ↪Tobacco products cannot be sold to person below the age of 18 years, and in places within 100 metres radius from the outer boundary of an institution of education •Cigarette packets are required to prescribe pictorial warnings along with the text SMOKING KILLS and TOBACCO CAUSES MOUTH CANCER in both Hindi and English.
●”Sharada Prasad committee” report is related to↪ Skill council.       Health sector – Bhore committee & others
Financial services for small businesses and low income household – Nachiket Mor committee

●Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2019;-↪It does away with no detention policy ↪As per the amendment, it would be left to the states to decide whether to continue the no-detention policy. ↪The bill provides for regular examination in classes V and VIII, and if a child fails, the amendment bill grants a provision to give her or him additional opportunity to take a re-examination within two months.
●Gandhi Peace Prize↪ was instituted in the year 1995 on the occasion of the 125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. ↪This annual award is given to individuals and institutions for their contributions towards social, economic and political transformation.  •Award for every year is selected by a Jury under the Chairmanship of the Prime Minister.  Shri YoheiSasakawa for the year 2018 for his contribution in Leprosy Eradication in India and across the world.
●Saksham (Sanrakshan Kshamta Mahotsav);- ↪is an annual flagship event of Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) under the aegis of “Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas”, GoI.
●Graded Response Action Plan;- ↪This is the Air quality management for Delhi and NCR region ↪has been prepared for implementation under different Air Quality Index (AQI) categories namely, Moderate & Poor, Very Poor, and Severe as per National Air Quality Index.  •Supreme Court’s order dated December 02, 2016 in the matter of M. C. Mehta vs. Union of India regarding air quality in National Capital Region of Delhi.
●Kyasanur Forest Disease;- ↪is a tick-borne viral haemorrhagic fever endemic (constant presence of disease) in Karnataka State, India. ◆Seasonality is another important risk factor as more cases are reported during the dry season, from November through June.

●SWAYAM Platform;- ↪seeks to bridge the digital divide for students who have hitherto remained untouched by the digital revolution and have not been able to join the mainstream of the knowledge economy.  ↪It is to take the best teaching learning resources to all ↪Courses delivered through SWAYAM are available free of cost.
●UNNATI programme;-{by ISRO} ↪ is aimed at Capacity building on Nanosatellites development.
●Global Risks Report ↪is released by “World Economic Forum”.
●OneerTM;-{ developed by CSIR} ↪an innovative technology for “Drinking Water Disinfection System” with Trade name “OneerTM”.
●Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA);- ↪It is a non-profit organization under the aegis of Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas. ↪It helps the government in proposing policies and strategies for petroleum conservation. ↪PCRA aims at making oil conservation a national movement. ↪Establish linkages at the national & international levels in the areas of petroleum conservation.

21st Jan Quiz Revision
●Small Farmers’ Agri-Business Consortium (SFAC);-↪Is an exclusive Society focused on increasing incomes of small and marginal farmers through aggregation and development of agribusiness ↪It has pioneered the formation of Farmer Producer Organizations/Farmer Producer Companies. ↪It offers Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme to FPCs to improve availability of working capital. ↪It implements e-Nam.
●Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana;-{ is being implemented by the Ministry of Labour and Employment} ↪aims to incentivise employers for employment generation by the Government paying the employers’ EPS contribution of 8.33%, for the new employees, “for the first three years “of their employment.  [ and is proposed to be made applicable for unemployed persons that are semi-skilled and unskilled].  ↪new employees earning wages more than Rs 15,000/- per month will not be eligible.
●Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC);-{launched by MoHRD} ↪It facilitates research collaboration between Indian research groups with research groups in the leading universities of the world in areas that are at the cutting edge of science.
●GI Product ↪ State •Shahi Litchi – Bihar   •Kadaknath chicken meat – Madhya Pradesh   •Etikoppaka toys – Andhra Pradesh   •Adilabad dokra – Telangana.
●Inner Line Permit (ILP)↪Is an official travel document issued by GoI to grant inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected area for a limited period [Currently, operational in Mizoram , Arunachal Pradesh, and Nagaland]

●Banking Regulation Act, 1949;- ↪Under this RBI regulates and supervises Public Sector and Private Sector Banks↪RBI can Examine on oath any director or other officer of the bank ↪can Issue directions to banks for resolution of stressed assets ↪Prohibit banks against entering into any particular transaction.
●Tokenisation;-{by RBI} ↪RBI has allowed tokenisation of debit, credit and prepaid card transactions to enhance the “safety of the digital payments” ecosystem in the country.
●Renukaji Dam Multipurpose Project;- ↪Three storage projects are proposed to be constructed on the river Yamuna [and two of its tributaries – Tons and Giri in the hilly regions of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh of Upper Yamuna Basin].
●National Clean Air Programme;- ↪is comprehensive mitigation actions for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution  ↪It involves the participation of Central Ministries, State Governments, local bodies and other Stakeholders •The tentative national level target of 20%–30% reduction of PM2.5 and PM10 concentration by ‘2024’     •2017 is taken as the base year for the comparison of concentration.
●Bilateral Swap Arrangement between India and Japan;- ↪is a very good example of mutual cooperation between India and Japan for strategic objective of assisting each other in times of difficulty and for restoring international confidence.  ↪This facility will enable the agreed amount of Capital being available to India on tap for use. ↪Prospects of Indian companies would improve in tapping foreign capital. ↪It would deter speculative attacks on the domestic currency. ↪Enhance the RBI’s ability to manage exchange rate volatility.

●International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT);- ↪It is an international non-profit organization that undertakes scientific research for development.  ↪Its approach is through partnerships and with an Inclusive Market Oriented Development ◆Headquartered in Patancheru (Hyderabad) with several regional centers [(Bamako (Mali), Nairobi (Kenya].
●Lymphatic filariasis;-{commonly known as elephantiasis} ↪ is a neglected tropical disease. Infection occurs when filarial parasites are transmitted to humans through mosquitoes •Over 40% of worldwide cases are found in India.  •Lymphatic filariasis↪ impairs the lymphatic system and can lead to the abnormal enlargement of body parts, causing pain, severe disability and social stigma.
●Methanol;- ↪can be used as an energy producing fuel, transportation fuel and cooking fuel, cutting down India’s oil import bill by an estimated 20% over the next few years.  •Methanol is a clean-burning fuel that produces fewer smog-causing emissions  •It can be produced from renewable sources also. •As a high-octane vehicle fuel, methanol offers excellent acceleration and power.
●Shaala Siddhi;-{launched in 2015} ↪is a comprehensive instrument for school evaluation leading to school improvement [as School Standards and Evaluation Framework].
●Samagra Shiksha scheme;- ↪is an overarching programme for the school education sector extending from pre-school to class 12 •scheme has been prepared with the broader goal of improving school effectiveness measured in terms of equal opportunities for schooling and equitable learning outcomes •It comes under the aegis of” Department of School Education and Literacy”, MoHRD.

●PAiSA – Portal for Affordable Credit and Interest Subvention Access” ↪ Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access, a centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans is for “Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM)”.
●Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai” on UNESCO’s World Heritage List.  ↪This makes Mumbai city the second city in India after Ahmedabad to be inscribed on the World Heritage List. ↪ India stands second largest in number after China in terms of number of World Heritage properties in ASPAC (Asia and Pacific) region.
●India’s First Global Mobility Summit 2018;-{organized by NITI Aayog} ©•UK-India Tech Hub↪It will focus on the fastest growing sectors, including: cybersecurity, AI/data, future mobility!!, digital manufacturing, healthcare, electric vehicles and digital identity.
●Pravasi Bhartiya Divas;- ↪is celebrated once in every two years to strengthen the engagement of the overseas Indian community with the Government of India and reconnect them with their roots.  •The first chapter of Pravasi Bhartiya Divas was held in 2003 to recognise the contributions of NRIs in academic and professional fields across the world.
●Arunachal Pradesh declared the “Pakke Paga Hornbill Festival (PPHF)”–the state’s only conservation festival, as a “state festival”.

●Debt-to-GDP ratio of Centre and states;- •The Centre’s total debt as a percentage of GDP reduced to 46.5% in 2017-18 from 47.5% as of March 31, 2014[Centre’s total debt increased 45%] •The total debt of the States has risen to 24% in 2017-18,and is estimated to be 24.3% in 2018-19[total debt of the States increased almost 63%].  ◆N.K. Singh committee↪said that the 60% consolidated Central and State debt limit was consistent with international best practices.
●Global Commission on Future of Work;-{ is the initiative of ILO} ↪Its job is to undertake an in-depth examination of the future of work that can provide the analytical basis for the delivery of social justice in the 21st century.
●Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal (GSTAT);-{It shall be situated at New Delhi} ↪It is the forum of “second appeal in GST laws” and the ‘first common forum of dispute resolution between Centre and States’.  •Composition↪ Presided over by its President and shall consist of one Technical Member (Centre) and one Technical Member (State).
●Aadi Mahotsav;-{Is an initiative of Ministry of Tribal affairs and TRIFED} ↪is an effort to scale up the livelihood and income generating opportunity for tribals by giving them the opportunity to interact and sell their goods directly to the customers.
↪The festival will feature exhibition-cum-sale of tribal handicrafts, art, paintings, fabric, jewellery and much more.
●Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC);- ↪is a regional organization comprising “seven Member” States lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity ◆HQ↪Dhaka,Bangladesh.  BBINSMyT

●Peace Mission 2018;- ↪the exercise will provide an opportunity to the armed forces of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) nations to train in counter terrorism operations in urban scenario in a multinational and joint environment.
●Sabang Port;- ↪India and Indonesia have agreed to develop a naval port in Sabang, a strategic location at the entrance of ‘Malacca Strait’.
●Nitrogen pollution;- ↪The Assessment found that nitrates not only affected surface water but also polluted groundwater sources •Nitrous oxide (N2O) is 300 times more potent than carbon dioxide but isn’t as prevalent in the atmosphere
•Nitrous oxide (N2O)is a greenhouse gas.
●Navika Sagar Parikrama;- ↪India’s Navy all six women crew of “INSV Tarini” who completed India’s first all-women circumnavigation expedition of the globe was conferred prestigious Nari Shakti Puraskar 2017 •The six-member crew was led by Lieutenant Commander “Vartika Joshi” •The crew also collected and updated meteorological, ocean and wave data.
●Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti;- ↪Is an ongoing initiatives to enhance self-reliance in defence, the Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti aims to provide a boost to the “Intellectual Property Right (IPR) culture in indigenous defence industry”.

●National Dolphin Research Centre;- ↪ India and Asia’s first, is to be set up on the banks of River Ganga in Patna University premises,Bihar
●Due to improper / indiscriminate disposal of old and used computers or their parts,  •these are released into the environment as e-waste? ↪Beryllium ↪Cadmium ↪Chromium ↪Mercury ↪Lead【Heptachor is an insecticide. Plutonium is radioactive 】.
●Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS);- ↪It is a voluntary initiative that brings together navies of littoral states of the Indian Ocean Region with the aim of increasing maritime cooperation and enhancing regional security. ↪It was launched by India in 2008. ↪It works to ensure speedy response to requirements of Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) in the IOR.
●National Disaster Management Authority;- ↪ involve in Natural Disaster⤵ Earthquakes Floods Landslides Cyclones Tsunamis Urban Floods Heat Wave •As well as “Man-Made Disasters”⤵ Nuclear and Radiological Disaster Chemical Disaster Biological Disaster.
●Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA);- ↪is an agreement on the Iranian nuclear program reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council— and Germany )
•commonly known as the Iran nuclear deal or Iran deal

●Zearalenone↪is a fungal toxin infesting cereals such as wheat, maize and barley. ↪ It attacks crops while they are growing,( but can also develop when cereals are stored without being dried fully).
●Satkosia Tiger Reserve;-{ located in the Angul district of Odisha} ↪It is located where the Mahanadi River passes through a 22 km long gorge in the Eastern Ghats mountains.
●Technical or engineered textiles are defined as products that are used for functional purposes.  ↪These textiles have applications in multiple areas of economic activity, such as aerospace, shipping, sports, agriculture, defense and health care.
●Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme;-{Union Agriculture Minister launches National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC)’s new scheme to promote young entrepreneurs in cooperatives.} ↪It is a scheme for attracting youth to cooperative business ventures. ↪The scheme is linked to Rs 1000 crore ‘Cooperative Start-up and Innovation Fund (CSIF)’ created by National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC).
●Sharm El Sheikh Declaration, 2018;- ↪14th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 14) was held in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt ◆Theme↪ “Mainstreaming of biodiversity in the energy and mining; processing industry; infrastructure and health sectors”.

●Services that could be offered by Common Services Centres (CSC) include in the areas of •Agriculture •Vocational Education •Telemedicine •Insurance •Movies •Bill Payments •Internet Browsing etc.
●International Whaling Commission (IWC);- ↪It is an Inter-governmental Organisation whose purpose is the conservation of whales and the management of whaling. ↪It was established in 1946, making it one of the first pieces of international environmental legislation. ↪Japan has announced its decision to withdraw from the International Whaling Commission (IWC). •India joined the commission in 1981.
●Program for International Student Assessment (PISA);- ↪ is an international assessment that measures 15-year-old students’ reading, mathematics, and science literacy every three years ↪is coordinated by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), an intergovernmental organization of industrialized countries.  ◆Ministry of HRD has signed an agreement with Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) for India’s Participation in Programme for International Student Assessment- PISA 2021.
●Mission Innovation (MI);- ↪is a global initiative of 23 countries and the European Commission (on behalf of the European Union) working to reinvigorate and accelerate global clean energy innovation with the objective to make clean energy widely affordable. •Mission Innovation(MI) was announced at COP21 on November 30, 2015.
●Reporters Without Borders;- ↪is an international non-profit, NGO based in Paris, France,  ↪that conducts political advocacy on issues relating to freedom of information and freedom of the press. 

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