●Smuggling of exotic macaws from Bangladesh
•It is a parrot native to central and eastern South America.
•With a length of about one meter it is longer than any other species of parrot.
•It is the largest macaw and the largest flying parrot species.
•IUCN’ Red list : Vulnerable
•Recently, the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) has busted a wildlife syndicate (smuggling group) which was involved in smuggling of exotic macaws from Bangladesh.
•The joint operation was carried out in coordination with the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) and the Customs Department at the Kolkata airport.
•Illegal wildlife trade was ranked the fourth largest transnational organised crime globally, after the smuggling of narcotics, counterfeit goods and human trafficking
•Over the recent years, the DRI has seized a range of endangered species, including black-and-white ruffed lemur, hoolock gibbons, palm civets and Indian star tortoise etc.
•Another major concern has been the smuggling of elephant tusks and ivory products.
•Many international organisations involved in wildlife crime use the Indo-Bangladesh Border for various other illegal activities, such as smuggling of drugs, commercial goods, and even gun-running, apart from illegal movement of foreign currency
•Directorate of Revenue Intelligence
•It is India’s chief anti-smuggling intelligence, investigations and operations agency.
•It works under the Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC), Ministry of Finance.
•It is headed by a Director General of the rank of Special Secretary to the Government of India.
•DRI works to secure India’s national and economic security by preventing the outright smuggling of firearms, gold, narcotics, fake Indian Currency notes, antiques, wildlife and environmental products.
•Moreover, it also works to prevent the proliferation of black money, commercial frauds and trade based money laundering.
Headquarters: New Delhi