●State of India’s Environment 2020 in Figures’ report
•It is published by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE)
•It states that India had around 50 lakh internal displacements caused by disasters and extreme weather conditions like floods, cyclones and drought in 2019
•Internal Displacement refers to the forced movement of people within the country they live in, due to conflict, violence, development projects, natural disasters and climate change
•The report outlines the status of sustainable development, livestocks, forests, water, waste, air, land, wildlife and other natural resources, environmental crimes and global economic risk.
•Only Punjab managed to get an average national ranking in the management of water resources
▪️ Other Finding
▫️Status of Tigers:
•It notes that there were 747 tigers more in 2018 than in 2014.
However, the net area meant for tiger conservation shrunk by 179 square kilometres.
•The report found that in 2018, total 35,196 environmental crimes were recorded in the country.
Majority of those cases are pending for police verification and in various courts.
•The global risk is determined as an uncertain event or condition that can cause significant negative impact on several countries or industries in the next ten years.
•The top 4 global risks in terms of likelihood are all found to be environment related as extreme weather, climate action failures, natural disaster and biodiversity loss.
•Under the top 4 risks in terms of impact, three were found to be environment related as climate action failure, biodiversity loss, extreme weather.
•In terms of the severity of impact over the next 10 years the top risk is failure of climate change mitigation and adaptation.
•The report is an eye opener in terms of issues related to environment and biodiversity, development, poverty and internal migration and will help to understand their impacts.
•It would further facilitate better decision making in mitigating the related problems.
•There is an urgent need to take efforts towards conservation of environment, disposition of cases related to environmental crimes, providing livelihood to the migrants and achieving SDGs.