●Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Results for States (STARS) Programme: World Bank
•It will improve the quality and governance of school education in six Indian states of Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan through the Samagra Shiksha
•Around 250 million students (between the age of 6 and 17) in 1.5 million schools and over 10 million teachers will benefit from this USD 500 million programme.
•It will strengthen public school education and support the country’s goal of providing ‘Education for All’, for which the Bank had provided total assistance of more than USD 3 billion prior to this plan as well.
•STARS will assist India in participation in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)
•Addressing demands from stakeholders, especially parents, for greater accountability and inclusion by producing better data to assess the quality of learning.
•Giving special attention to students from vulnerable sections, with over 52% (as a weighted average) of children in the government-run schools in the six project states belonging to vulnerable sections, such as Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST) and minority communities.
Delivering a curriculum that keeps pace with the rapidly evolving needs of the job market.
•Equipping teachers to manage this transformation by recognizing that teachers are central to achieving better learning outcomes.
•Investing more in developing India’s human capital needs by strengthening foundational learning for children in classes 1 to 3 and preparing them with the cognitive, socio-behavioural and language skills to meet future labour market needs.
•It is in line with the Sustainable Development Goal for education (SDG 4) and will help produce better data on learning levels by improving the National Achievement Survey (NAS).
•India has successfully achieved gender parity in enrolment in primary education but that is not the case in secondary education.
•Under STARS, each state is expected to not only stabilize this downward trend but also improve the completion rate for secondary education.
•India has significantly improved access to education across the country.
•Between 2004-05 and 2018-19, the number of children going to school increased from 219 million to 248 million.
•However, the learning outcomes of students across all age groups continue to remain below par.